Avatar of winstalla
winstalla
Flag for United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland asked on

Powershell to Copy a User, but fill in details from CSV

Hi,

I want to create a Powershell Script that creates New Users from a CSV file. This I have done.
However, I want to be able to copy the Group Memberships from another User to these New Users. Preferably, a column in the CSV to detail which User to copy from, since we have a number of Template Users with various permissions.

I have the following two scripts that - when run - kind of do what I want. The first Script pulls the details from the CSV file:-
#Import the PowerShell module containing AD CMDLETS
Import-Module ActiveDirectory

#Read a CSV File with the User or Group details and create an account in AD for each entry
Function Create-ADAccountsFromCSV {
    Param (
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$CSVPath,
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$Type,
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$OrgUnit
        )
    if (($Type -ne "Group") -and ($Type -ne "User"))
    {
        Throw New-Object System.ArgumentException("Type parameter must be specified as either 'User' or 'Group'.")
    }

    #Read the CSV File
    $csvData = Import-Csv $CSVPath
    foreach ($line in $csvData) {
 #Create a hash table of the account details
        $accountTable = @{
            'givenName'=$line.FirstName
            'sn'= $line.LastName
            'displayName'= $line.DisplayName
            'sAMAccountName'= $line.sAMAccountName
            'password' = $line.Password
            'description' = $line.Description
            'office' = $line.Office
            'officephone' = $line.Phone
            'emailaddress' = $line.Email
            'streetaddress' = $line.Address1
            'pobox' = $line.Address2
            'city' = $line.City
            'state' = $line.County
            'postalcode' = $line.Postcode
            'department' = $line.Department
            'company' = $line.Company
            'group1' = $line.Group1
            'group2' = $line.Group2


            'ou' = $OrgUnit  

        }
        if ($Type -eq "User")
        {
            #Call the function to create a User Account
            CreateUser -AccountInfo $accountTable
        }
        if ($Type -eq "Group")
        {
            #Call the function to create a Group Account
            CreateGroup -AccountInfo $accountTable
            
            #Get New Group
            $groupFilterString = "samAccountName -like `"" + $line.sAMAccountName + "`""
            $group = Get-ADGroup -Filter $groupFilterString
            #Walk through each member column associated with this group
            $memberColumnNumber = 1
            $memberColumn = "Member" + $memberColumnNumber
            #While a member column still exists, ad the value to a Group
            while ($line.$memberColumn)
            {
                #Check if User is already a member of the Group
                $member = Get-ADGroupMember $group | Where { $_.samAccountNmae -eq $line.$memberColumn }
                #If not already a member of the Group, add the User to the Group
                IF ($member -eq $null)
                {
                    Write-Host "Adding" $line.$memberColumn "as a Member of the Group" $group.Name
                    try
                    {
                        $userFilterString = "samAccountName -like `"" + $line.$memberColumn + "`""
                        $user = Get-ADUser -Filter $userFilterString
                        Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $group -Members $user

                    }
                    Catch
                    {
                        Write-Host "There was a problem adding" $line.$memberColumn "as a member to the Group" $group.Name "-" $_ -ForegroundColor Red
                    }
                }
                ELSE
                {
                    Write-Host "User" $line.$memberColumn "was not added to the Group" $group.Name "as this User was already a member of that Group" -ForegroundColor Blue
                }
                $memberColumnNumber = $memberColumnNumber + 1
                $memberColumn = "Member" + $memberColumnNumber
            }
        }
    }
}

#Create an Active Directory User
Function CreateUser {
    Param($AccountInfo)
        TRY
        {
            #Check to see if the User Account already exists
            $userFilterString = "samAccountName -like `"" + $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName'] + "`""
            $user = Get-ADUser -Filter $userFilterString
            #If User Account does not already exist, create it
            
           
Function CopyFrom {
    $GroupBool = Read-Host "Copy group membership from existing user? Y/N. Default is N"
    if ($GroupBool.ToLower() -eq "y"){
        $UserToCopyFrom = Read-Host "Enter the user account to copy from."
        return (Get-ADUser $UserToCopyFrom -Properties MemberOf).MemberOf
    }
}
 cls

$Name = Read-Host "Enter the User Name for the New User"
$Groups = CopyFrom
 
#This is a very basic account creation. You should probably set Surname, First Name, Full Name, Department, etc. Tailor this to your environment.
   if ($user -eq $null)    
            {
                Write-Host "Creating User Account:" $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName']
            #Create the user account object
            New-ADUser -SamAccountName $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName'] `
                       -Name $AccountInfo['displayName'] `
                       -DisplayName $AccountInfo['displayName'] `
                       -GivenName $AccountInfo['givenName'] `
                       -Surname $AccountInfo['sn'] `
                       -Path $AccountInfo['ou'] `
                       -Office $AccountInfo['office'] `
                       -OfficePhone $AccountInfo['officephone'] `
                       -EmailAddress $AccountInfo['emailaddress'] `
                       -StreetAddress $AccountInfo['streetaddress'] `
                       -POBox $AccountInfo['pobox'] `
                       -State $AccountInfo['state'] `
                       -PostalCode $AccountInfo['Postalcode'] `
                       -City $AccountInfo['City'] `
                       -Title $AccountInfo['description'] `
                       -Department $AccountInfo['department'] `
                       -Company $AccountInfo['company'] `
                       -ChangePasswordAtLogon $true `
                       -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString $AccountInfo['password'] -AsPlainText -Force) `
                       -Description $AccountInfo['description'] `
                       -Enabled $true

            #Set "User must change password" to TRUE after User has been created.
            #For some reason, if you set to TRUE above it doesn't work - presumably a bug
            #To set this option to TRUE, de-comment the 2 lines below (remove the hashtag symbols)
            #     $user = Get-ADUser -Filter $userFilterString
            #     Set-ADUser $user -ChangePasswordAtLogon $true
        }
        ELSE
        {
            Write-Host "User" $AccountInfo['sAMAccountname'] "was not created as this User Account already exists" -ForegroundColor Cyan
        }
    }
    CATCH
    {
        Write-Host "There was a problem creating a User Account:" $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName']  "-" $_ -ForegroundColor Red
    }
 
#This will be empty if the user opted not to  copy existing membership.
ForEach ($g in $groups){
    #This adds the group membership after the account is created.
    Add-ADGroupMember $g $name
}

Open in new window


This code actually creates the Users and puts them in the OU:-
#NOTE: YOU MUST RUN "PREPARE TO CREATE USERS AND GROUPS FROM CSV.PS1" BEFORE YOU RUN THIS SCRIPT
#IF YOU GET THE ERROR:
    #Create-ADAccountsFromCSV : The term 'Create-ADAccountsFromCSV' is not recognized as the name of 
    #a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. Check the spelling of the name, or if a path
    # was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.
#THEN YOU'VE NOT RUN THAT COMMAND FIRST!!!!!

#Create Users from the CSV File in C:\CSVs\NewUsers.csv - you need to edit the OrgUnit entry.
#EXAMPLE:
#Create-ADAccountsFromCSV -CSVPath "C:\CSVs\NewUsers.csv" -OrgUnit "OU=Staff,OU=Users,OU=Waterloo Lodge,OU=Education,DC=ACE,DC=Local" -Type "User"

Create-ADAccountsFromCSV -CSVPath "C:\CSVs\NewUsers.csv" -OrgUnit "OU=Users,OU=OFFICE,OU=OU,DC=DOMAIN,DC=Local" -Type "User"

Open in new window


However, if you run these one after the other, you get asked for the new User Name, which is fine(ish) but it requires you putting the names in one by one. It also asks who the Groups should be copied from - which I can probably live with!

is it possible to do this all in one go? For the script to go through the CSV file and create the New User(s) copying the Group Memberships from another User - preferably also specified in the CSV (which will obviously need updating!)? Could it even be done to copy the OU from the existing User to the New one?

I've attached a basic CSV file, too!

Thank you!NewUsers.csv
PowershellActive Directory

Avatar of undefined
Last Comment
Nadav Solomon

8/22/2022 - Mon
Nadav Solomon

First add "User2CopyFrom" and "copyGroups" to your csv,
I didn't touch the first script, i think you better stick with putting the ou in the first one (less mistakes).
my changes are encapsulated in "############### changes ########################## "
then use the following script:

#Import the PowerShell module containing AD CMDLETS
Import-Module ActiveDirectory

#Read a CSV File with the User or Group details and create an account in AD for each entry
Function Create-ADAccountsFromCSV {
    Param (
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$CSVPath,
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$Type,
        [parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$OrgUnit
        )
    if (($Type -ne "Group") -and ($Type -ne "User"))
    {
        Throw New-Object System.ArgumentException("Type parameter must be specified as either 'User' or 'Group'.")
    }

    #Read the CSV File
    $csvData = Import-Csv $CSVPath
    foreach ($line in $csvData) {
 #Create a hash table of the account details
        $accountTable = @{
            'givenName'=$line.FirstName
            'sn'= $line.LastName
            'displayName'= $line.DisplayName
            'sAMAccountName'= $line.sAMAccountName
            'password' = $line.Password
            'description' = $line.Description
            'office' = $line.Office
            'officephone' = $line.Phone
            'emailaddress' = $line.Email
            'streetaddress' = $line.Address1
            'pobox' = $line.Address2
            'city' = $line.City
            'state' = $line.County
            'postalcode' = $line.Postcode
            'department' = $line.Department
            'company' = $line.Company
            'group1' = $line.Group1
            'group2' = $line.Group2


            'ou' = $OrgUnit 
            ############### changes ##########################
            'user2copyfrom' = $line.User2CopyFrom
            'copyGroups' = $line.copyGroups
            ############### changes ########################## 

        }
        if ($Type -eq "User")
        {
            #Call the function to create a User Account
            CreateUser -AccountInfo $accountTable
        }
        if ($Type -eq "Group")
        {
            #Call the function to create a Group Account
            CreateGroup -AccountInfo $accountTable
            
            #Get New Group
            $groupFilterString = "samAccountName -like `"" + $line.sAMAccountName + "`""
            $group = Get-ADGroup -Filter $groupFilterString
            #Walk through each member column associated with this group
            $memberColumnNumber = 1
            $memberColumn = "Member" + $memberColumnNumber
            #While a member column still exists, ad the value to a Group
            while ($line.$memberColumn)
            {
                #Check if User is already a member of the Group
                $member = Get-ADGroupMember $group | Where { $_.samAccountNmae -eq $line.$memberColumn }
                #If not already a member of the Group, add the User to the Group
                IF ($member -eq $null)
                {
                    Write-Host "Adding" $line.$memberColumn "as a Member of the Group" $group.Name
                    try
                    {
                        $userFilterString = "samAccountName -like `"" + $line.$memberColumn + "`""
                        $user = Get-ADUser -Filter $userFilterString
                        Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $group -Members $user

                    }
                    Catch
                    {
                        Write-Host "There was a problem adding" $line.$memberColumn "as a member to the Group" $group.Name "-" $_ -ForegroundColor Red
                    }
                }
                ELSE
                {
                    Write-Host "User" $line.$memberColumn "was not added to the Group" $group.Name "as this User was already a member of that Group" -ForegroundColor Blue
                }
                $memberColumnNumber = $memberColumnNumber + 1
                $memberColumn = "Member" + $memberColumnNumber
            }
        }
    }
}

#Create an Active Directory User
Function CreateUser {
    Param($AccountInfo)
        TRY
        {
            #Check to see if the User Account already exists
            $userFilterString = "samAccountName -like `"" + $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName'] + "`""
            $user = Get-ADUser -Filter $userFilterString
            #If User Account does not already exist, create it
            
           
Function CopyFrom {
    ############### changes ########################## 
    param(
        [string]$GroupBool,
        [string]$UserToCopyFrom
    )
    #$GroupBool = Read-Host "Copy group membership from existing user? Y/N. Default is N"
    ############### changes ########################## 
    if ($GroupBool.ToLower() -eq "y"){
        ############### changes ##########################
        #$UserToCopyFrom = Read-Host "Enter the user account to copy from."
        ############### changes ##########################
        return (Get-ADUser $UserToCopyFrom -Properties MemberOf).MemberOf
    }
}
 cls
############### changes ########################## 
$Name = $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName'] #Read-Host "Enter the User Name for the New User"
$Groups = CopyFrom -GroupBool $AccountInfo['copyGroups'] -UserToCopyFrom $AccountInfo['user2copyfrom']
############### changes ########################## 
 
#This is a very basic account creation. You should probably set Surname, First Name, Full Name, Department, etc. Tailor this to your environment.
   if ($user -eq $null)    
            {
                Write-Host "Creating User Account:" $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName']
            #Create the user account object
            New-ADUser -SamAccountName $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName'] `
                       -Name $AccountInfo['displayName'] `
                       -DisplayName $AccountInfo['displayName'] `
                       -GivenName $AccountInfo['givenName'] `
                       -Surname $AccountInfo['sn'] `
                       -Path $AccountInfo['ou'] `
                       -Office $AccountInfo['office'] `
                       -OfficePhone $AccountInfo['officephone'] `
                       -EmailAddress $AccountInfo['emailaddress'] `
                       -StreetAddress $AccountInfo['streetaddress'] `
                       -POBox $AccountInfo['pobox'] `
                       -State $AccountInfo['state'] `
                       -PostalCode $AccountInfo['Postalcode'] `
                       -City $AccountInfo['City'] `
                       -Title $AccountInfo['description'] `
                       -Department $AccountInfo['department'] `
                       -Company $AccountInfo['company'] `
                       -ChangePasswordAtLogon $true `
                       -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString $AccountInfo['password'] -AsPlainText -Force) `
                       -Description $AccountInfo['description'] `
                       -Enabled $true

            #Set "User must change password" to TRUE after User has been created.
            #For some reason, if you set to TRUE above it doesn't work - presumably a bug
            #To set this option to TRUE, de-comment the 2 lines below (remove the hashtag symbols)
            #     $user = Get-ADUser -Filter $userFilterString
            #     Set-ADUser $user -ChangePasswordAtLogon $true
        }
        ELSE
        {
            Write-Host "User" $AccountInfo['sAMAccountname'] "was not created as this User Account already exists" -ForegroundColor Cyan
        }
    }
    CATCH
    {
        Write-Host "There was a problem creating a User Account:" $AccountInfo['sAMAccountName']  "-" $_ -ForegroundColor Red
    }
 
#This will be empty if the user opted not to  copy existing membership.
ForEach ($g in $groups){
    #This adds the group membership after the account is created.
    Add-ADGroupMember $g $name
}

Open in new window

winstalla

ASKER
Nadav,

I had to add a closing } to the end of the script, but otherwise it seems to work - apart from that I'm not sure what to put in the CopyGroups field in the CSV file?

The User was created without asking the question, but the AD Group Memberships did not copy. I have tried putting the User whose Groups I want to copy in both the CopyGroups and User2CopyFrom fields, but this did not help.

Thank you for your assistance!
ASKER CERTIFIED SOLUTION
Nadav Solomon

THIS SOLUTION ONLY AVAILABLE TO MEMBERS.
View this solution by signing up for a free trial.
Members can start a 7-Day free trial and enjoy unlimited access to the platform.
See Pricing Options
Start Free Trial
GET A PERSONALIZED SOLUTION
Ask your own question & get feedback from real experts
Find out why thousands trust the EE community with their toughest problems.
winstalla

ASKER
That simple! Thank you again!
Experts Exchange is like having an extremely knowledgeable team sitting and waiting for your call. Couldn't do my job half as well as I do without it!
James Murphy
Nadav Solomon

User2CopyFrom put the samaccountname of the user to copy groups from.
Nadav Solomon

Glad I could help, and thanks for the feedback.