How to archive oracle tables

We are currently on oracle 11g rel2.over time oracle tables grown too big and having multi millions of rows.
To improve performance it is agreed by business to archive data older than 5 years and keep only the latest 5 years in current tables.
Business team identified the tables and advised to create new tables like tablename_hist and put the data of tablename into tablename_hist.
Like below:
Student tables archive will be student_hist.
The question is how can I identify older data in a table which is older than 5 years?
Is there something buit in within oracle?
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johnsoneSenior Oracle DBACommented:
A few million records isn't an issue.  We have tables with 100s of millions and billions of records that all have sub second response times.  You really need to tune your queries to get better performance, deleting records or moving them to another table just defers the problem, it doesn't solve it.

There is nothing built in to Oracle that will tell you if a record is 5 years old.  You would have to have some sort of date stored in your table to determine that and need to come up with some rules on how to determine whether to archive a record or not.

Using your student example.  What if a student took a class over 5 years ago, but also took a class only 2 years ago?  Do you archive the 5+ year old class record?  If you do, how does you get a full picture of the student's history?

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