Cant get PHP login page to work

I am trying to create a basic login page using php. I have tried to keep it simple at first. Here is a screenshot of the table in SQL Server:

SQl table
Here is the code:

<?php error_reporting(E_ALL);?>
<!DOCTYPE html>
  <title>Portal2 Login</title>

//Connection string

// Starting Session

// Variable To Store Error Message

// Define $txtUsername and $txtPassword

echo "Username is " . $txtUsername . "</br>";
echo "Password is " . $txtPassword . "</br>";

//Query employee table
$query = "SELECT * FROM employee WHERE ename='$txtUsername'";
echo "Query is " . $query . "</br>";
$results = sqlsrv_query($connIntranet, $query);
$row = sqlsrv_fetch_array($results);

echo "Row ename " . $row["ename"] . "</br>";
echo "Row password " . $row["password"] . "</br>";

if($row["ename"]==$txtUsername && $row["password"]==$txtPassword){
    //header("location: index.php");
    $error = "Information matched";}
else {
    $error = "Username or Password is invalid";
echo $error;

sqlsrv_close( $connIntranet );

<!-- Login Form -->
<div style="text-align: center;">
<form name="frmLogin" action="" method="post">
<h3>Login to access the Portal2</h3>
<p>Username: <input name="txtUsername"></p>
<p>Password: <input name="txtPassword"></p>
<p><input name="btnSubmit_login" type="submit" value="Submit"></p>


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Whenever I try to login using a correct username and password it tells me "username or password is invalid".  You can see where I echod the information from the textboxes, the query, and the row results from the query. See image:
Correct credentials
Whenever I use a blank username and password it tells me "Information Matched".  See image:
Blank credentials
This is not how this is supposed to work. Any ideas?
Robert FrancisDirector of Continuous ImprovementAsked:
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Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
If you are going to use Sessions then 'session_start();' must be at the top of the page.  Where it is you should be getting errors already.  It should be like this:

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Robert FrancisDirector of Continuous ImprovementAuthor Commented:
Dave - The session start is commented out so I don't think that is the problem
Ray - I am looking into that article now. I would still like to know what is wrong with the code I have now. It just seems so straight forward. It might help me in the future.
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Robert FrancisDirector of Continuous ImprovementAuthor Commented:
My bad. The session start was not commented out. I fixed that but still very confused as to why this code is not working.
Ray PaseurCommented:
PHP sessions may fail to work if there is any browser output at all (even invisible whitespace) before session_start().

The reason for this is that PHP sessions set HTTP cookies, and HTTP cookies are headers.  Headers must come first and be complete before any browser output at all.
Robert FrancisDirector of Continuous ImprovementAuthor Commented:
Ray. Cool. I have the session stuff fixed based off the article you sent. But I still want to know what is going on with the "Username is Invalid" problem.
Ray PaseurCommented:
I can't tell from here, but I can offer a suggestion.  This appears to be a data-dependent problem, so it's important to visualize the data.  Try using var_dump() to print out the data elements that are in play.  The best places to use var_dump() are any place where you cannot see the variables, for example, in $_POST.  Or anywhere that your assumptions are not validated.  Example: If you think $a == $b, but the program logic seems to indicate that they are not equal, var_dump($a, $b) will show you what the PHP script is looking at.

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Robert FrancisDirector of Continuous ImprovementAuthor Commented:
I found the problem. The datatype I was using was creating whitespace at the end of the usernames and passwords.
Ray PaseurCommented:
PHP trim() may be your friend :-)
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