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Be careful about rounding errors. Suppose you're using the DATETIME data type for your column, and your data has both date and time values that aren't necessarily midnight. You want to filter a period of date and time data such as January 2012. Some people use the following filter form:
WHERE col BETWEEN '20120101' AND '20120131 23:59:59.999'
The problem is that 999 as the millisecond unit isn't a multiplication of the precision unit for DATETIME, which is three and a third milliseconds. Therefore, the value gets rounded to the next midnight, and your range might end up including rows it isn't supposed to include. Some people "fix" this problem by using 997 in the millisecond unit, but what if at some point in the future you alter the type to one with finer precision? Therefore, the best practice with date and time ranges is to avoid BETWEEN and to always use the form:
WHERE col >= '20120101' AND col < '20120201'
This form works with all types and all precisions, regardless of whether the time part is applicable.
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