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How to rearrange column in a sql table by query

Posted on 2016-07-19
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Last Modified: 2016-07-19
Hello,

How do I write a query to rearrange a column in table.
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Question by:RIAS
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LVL 65

Expert Comment

by:Jim Horn
ID: 41719200
In SQL Server this is not possible, either manually or within a query.  

Microsoft Access has this functionality where in the table designer you can click-and-drag columns to change the order, but SQL Server does not.

What you can do is either backup/drop/re-create/re-populate the table with the new column order, or create a view that selects from your table in the column order you wish.
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Expert Comment

by:Trideep Patel
ID: 41719204
Do you want to sort the output of the query based on some column(s)?

In such case you can use "order by"
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LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 41719206
what do you mean? You to really change the order in the definition of the table? For that you need to create a new table with columns in the correct order, copy all the data from the existing table to the new one, drop the existing table and finally rename the new one. After that, you will also need to recreate all indexes.

Or another way is to use the SSMS table designer (which will do all the script for you).
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Author Comment

by:RIAS
ID: 41719209
If not then is there any way i can insert a column in a table before another column ?
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LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:Trideep Patel
ID: 41719211
You can do it using the design view in SSMS (Sql Server Management Studio).
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LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 41719214
open the table designer in SSMS, select one of the column and click the INSERT key. That will insert a new column in between
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LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:Trideep Patel
ID: 41719218
InsertColumn.jpg
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Author Comment

by:RIAS
ID: 41719241
need to have it in query ,please.
Cheers
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LVL 69

Accepted Solution

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Éric Moreau earned 500 total points
ID: 41719247
Your best way of doing it is to use the SSMS table designer to add the column but before saving it, right click on one of the column in the designer and click the "Generate change script..." option. The full script will be created for you automatically.
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Author Comment

by:RIAS
ID: 41719263
Éric Moreau,

Need to create a stored procedure ,so cant touch the SSMS.
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LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Éric Moreau
ID: 41719285
I am not saying to save using the SSMS table designer, just to use that tool to generate the script you need!
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Author Closing Comment

by:RIAS
ID: 41719356
Cheers!
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