Solved

HA printing for two Windows 2012 R2 print servers

Posted on 2016-07-22
12
19 Views
Last Modified: 2016-09-01
I am trying to setup two Windows 2012 R2 print servers that are running as VM's in a VMware 6.0 environment.  I would like to setup the two servers in an active-active or active-passive cluster or just set them up in some way that if I have to reboot or take down one of the print servers everyone in my organization will still be able to print.  Does anyone have any suggestions?
0
Comment
Question by:calvin22
  • 6
  • 5
12 Comments
 
LVL 117

Accepted Solution

by:
Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE) earned 500 total points (awarded by participants)
Comment Utility
You will need to create a Microsoft Failover Cluster, and add the Print server role, as a clustered resource.

see this document, on how to create your Microsoft Cluster

https://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-60/topic/com.vmware.ICbase/PDF/vsphere-esxi-vcenter-server-60-setup-mscs.pdf

Do you have a SAN, and the ability to create RDMs ? (RAW Mapped LUNs)
0
 

Author Comment

by:calvin22
Comment Utility
This will be going into a 7 host cluster with VSAN enabled on each host.  The only storage that these hosts have access to is the distributed VSAN storage environment.

Since I am not able to do RDM's, it looks like the only way I can set this up is as a "Cluster on one Physical Machine" (looking at the supported storage configurations on page 9).   I found this article online about trying to setup Microsoft Failover Cluster in a VSAN environment.

http://www.mrvsan.com/microsoft-windows-failover-clustering-on-virtual-san/

I appreciate the help.  I going to try to get this setup over the weekend and I'll let you know how it goes.
0
 
LVL 117

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE)
Comment Utility
You could do a Cluster in a Box, e.g. virtual scsi bus sharing.

see here

http://wojcieh.net/microsoft-cluster-running-on-vmware-esxi-cluster-in-a-box/

This would put a tick in the box, which allows you to create a Failover Cluster with two VMs on a single host.

This would allow you then to take down a node, for maintenance, and print services would continue.
0
 

Author Comment

by:calvin22
Comment Utility
I am getting an error message when I try to boot either of my new VM's.  For the clustering to work, the shared drive must be Thick Provisioned.  So, I created a new storage policy and set its only rule to "Object space reservation (%)" = 100%.  Each VM now has two hard disk, the first one is thin provisioned (by default) and FTT =1.  The 2nd hard disk on each is set to this new storage policy but I am getting this message when I try to power on either of the VM's.  Do you have any ideas?
Error message I am getting from vCenter
0
 

Author Comment

by:calvin22
Comment Utility
My shared drive (2nd drive)  is connected to the 2nd SCSI controller on Virtual Device Node SCSI(1:0)
0
Complete VMware vSphere® ESX(i) & Hyper-V Backup

Capture your entire system, including the host, with patented disk imaging integrated with VMware VADP / Microsoft VSS and RCT. RTOs is as low as 15 seconds with Acronis Active Restore™. You can enjoy unlimited P2V/V2V migrations from any source (even from a different hypervisor)

 
LVL 117

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE)
Comment Utility
All your virtual disks need to be Virtual disk formats should be thick provisioned eager zeroed.
0
 

Author Comment

by:calvin22
Comment Utility
"There is no eager-zeroed thick format on Virtual SAN. OSR, when used, behaves similarly to lazy
-zeroed thick"

https://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/products/vsan/virtual-san-6.2-design-and-sizing-guide.pdf

(page 65 of the VSAN design and sizing guide).  I don't think I can setup a MSC in a VSAN storage environment.  I tried inflating the .vmdk files, I have the "Object Space Reservation storage policy set at 100%, and I still have not been able to get past the error message posted above.  I looks like vCenter still keeps seeing the drives as thin provisioned.
0
 
LVL 117

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE)
Comment Utility
can you not create any thick disks ?

You could create an a Cluster using Software iSCSI in the Guests, to a Guest VM presenting the  iSCSI Target to the VMs, all using VMDKs on vSAN.
0
 

Author Comment

by:calvin22
Comment Utility
I've talked to my boss and he is ok with just setting up the single print server and just living with the down time whenever we need to reboot it.

I appreciate your time thanks for the help.
0
 
LVL 117

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE)
Comment Utility
reboot out of hours early morning 3AM.
0
 
LVL 117

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE MVE)
Comment Utility
Need any more help with this question, to allow you to close out ?
0

Featured Post

Backup Your Microsoft Windows Server®

Backup all your Microsoft Windows Server – on-premises, in remote locations, in private and hybrid clouds. Your entire Windows Server will be backed up in one easy step with patented, block-level disk imaging. We achieve RTOs (recovery time objectives) as low as 15 seconds.

Join & Write a Comment

#Citrix #XenApp #Citrix Scout #Citrix Insight Services #Microsoft VMMAP #Microsoft ADEXPLORE #Microsoft RAMMAP #Microsoft TCPVIEW #Microsoft AUTORUNS #Microsoft PROCESS EXPLORER #Microsoft PROCESS MONITOR
When we have a dead host and we lose all connections to the ESXi, and we need to find a way to move all VMs from that dead ESXi host.
In this Micro Tutorial viewers will learn how to restore their server from Bare Metal Backup image created with Windows Server Backup feature. As an example Windows 2012R2 is used.
In this Micro Tutorial viewers will learn how to restore single file or folder from Bare Metal backup image of their system. Tutorial shows how to restore files and folders from system backup. Often it is not needed to restore entire system when onl…

763 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

10 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now