Linux :how to provide sudo access to the user

Linux OS:

please advice the steps required to provide the sudo access to the user.
mac_gAdmin - Middleware ServersAsked:
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David AtkinTechnical DirectorCommented:

There is an excellent article on how to do this here:

Basically you need to login as the root user (or with root permissions) and add the user to the sudo user list:

sudo visudo
please see link below for examples, as root you can provide required priv to run certain commands to certain users:
Normally it is better to use groups of which the allowed users are members of rather than add every user to the sudoers file.

But otherwise it is the same, just edit that file.
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mac_gAdmin - Middleware ServersAuthor Commented:
Can you please provide the steps ?
David SankovskySenior SysAdminCommented:
There are several ways to do this and they change based on the distro you are using.
What distro are you working on?
mac_gAdmin - Middleware ServersAuthor Commented:
Oracle Linux Server release 6.5
David SankovskySenior SysAdminCommented:
ok, what you need to do is edit teh file /etc/sudoers
Then, assuming you named you user user1, add the follwing line:

user1           ALL=(ALL)       ALL

Open in new window

You can add it under the line that reads

root           ALL=(ALL)       ALL

Open in new window

Hope that helps

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mac_gAdmin - Middleware ServersAuthor Commented:
In order to resolve the below issue .. am looking to change setting.

[bkp@srv~]$ rpm -Uvh AvamarClient-linux-rhel4-x86_64-7.1.100-370.rpm
error: can't create transaction lock on /var/lib/rpm/.rpm.lock (Permission denied)
uid=1102(testbkp) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)
is that correct way to alter to sudo user  ??
David SankovskySenior SysAdminCommented:
mac_g, manually changing the gid for a user is not recommended under any circumstances, please follow my instruction to provide su access to a user.
mac_gAdmin - Middleware ServersAuthor Commented:
how to edit file - /etc/sudoers to give "backup" user  not to get below error when he runs below cmd.
can u please advice

[bkp@srv~]$ rpm -Uvh AvamarClient-linux-rhel4-x86_64-7.1.100-370.rpm
error: can't create transaction lock on /var/lib/rpm/.rpm.lock (Permission denied)
David SankovskySenior SysAdminCommented:
after you edited the sudoers file,
the backup user should run the command with sudo before it, or use su to move up to root level before executing the command.
Mahesh YCommented:
If you are having root logins , why don't you install rpm with same.
mac_gAdmin - Middleware ServersAuthor Commented:
storage  admin will  take care of Installing & configure  ... would be good to have other user
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