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CAST(date_column + time_column as datetime)

Posted on 2016-07-27
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Last Modified: 2016-07-27
Hi guys

Question for you:  What's the fastest way to add a date column and a time column and cast it as a single datetime column?

Example:
Declare @dt date = '20160727', @tm time = '03:30:00'
SELECT CAST( ???? as datetime) 

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Thanks in advance.
Jim
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Question by:Jim Horn
8 Comments
 
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Assisted Solution

by:Dustin Saunders
Dustin Saunders earned 250 total points
ID: 41731778
I use:
SELECT CONVERT(DATETIME, CONVERT(CHAR(8), @dt, 112) 
  + ' ' + CONVERT(CHAR(8), @tm, 108))

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Expert Comment

by:Manuel Marienne-Duchêne
ID: 41731781
CAST(@dt + @tm AS DATETIME) with space in first position in time
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Expert Comment

by:Dustin Saunders
ID: 41731811
But don't you need extra steps to add in the space in time (say if it were from a column)?  [maybe we should add physics to the categories if we're talking about spacetime :P ]

Anyways, I guess if I used it a lot I'd just stick it in a UDF and call that when needed (seems easiest for me though I don't know if there's a more performance efficient way?)

CREATE FUNCTION concatDT (@dt date,@tm time)
RETURNS datetime
AS
BEGIN
RETURN(	SELECT CONVERT(DATETIME, CONVERT(CHAR(8), @dt, 112) 
	+ ' ' + CONVERT(CHAR(8), @tm, 108)))
END

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SELECT dbo.concatDT(@dt,@tm)

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Accepted Solution

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Scott Pletcher earned 250 total points
ID: 41731997
SELECT CAST(@dt AS datetime) + @tm
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Expert Comment

by:Dustin Saunders
ID: 41732007
I tried:
Declare @dt date = '20160727', @tm time = '03:30:00'
SELECT CAST(@dt AS datetime) + @tm

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and got:
Msg 402, Level 16, State 1, Line 2
The data types datetime and time are incompatible in the add operator.


but
Declare @dt date = '20160727', @tm time = '03:30:00'
SELECT CAST(@dt AS datetime) + CAST(@tm AS datetime)

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does work and is less code than mine.
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Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 41732066
I tried:
Declare @dt date = '20160727', @tm time = '03:30:00'
SELECT CAST(@dt AS datetime) + @tm
and got [an error]

Hmm, worked fine for me, at least through SQL 2012.  Maybe that's a later SQL version restriction?  I know they've made some changes in that area.
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Author Closing Comment

by:Jim Horn
ID: 41732074
Thanks guys.  Chose Scott's answer as it was a less expensive option, which works on my 2008R2 box.
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Expert Comment

by:Dustin Saunders
ID: 41732077
Yeah, I agree that's better way.  It's weird that it doesn't run on my SQL test servers (I tried on SQL 2012 SP3 and 2014); so must have appeared somewhere around there, or maybe I angered some vengeful SQL God.

Might be a good note or item to test though, in case you upgrade production SQL versions in the future it might break the query.
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