Cant start MS Exchange Replication Service

After installing updates on Windows Server 2008 I cant start MS Exchange Replication. The Error log says:

Log Name:      Application
Source:        MSExchangeRepl
Date:          28. 7. 2016 6:39:20
Event ID:      4004
Task Category: Service
Level:         Error
Keywords:      Classic
User:          N/A
Computer:      
Description:
Couldn't start the Microsoft Exchange Replication service. Error: System.TypeInitializationException: The type initializer for 'Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayComponentManager' threw an exception. ---> System.InvalidCastException: Specified cast is not valid.
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.RegistryParameters.<LoadRegistryValues>b__2(RegistryKey key)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.RegistryParameters.TryGetRegistryParameters(Action`1 operation)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.RegistryParameters.get_ConfigUpdaterTimerIntervalSlow()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayComponentManager..ctor()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayComponentManager..cctor()
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayService.OnStartInternal(String[] args)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.Watson.<>c__DisplayClass1.<SendReportOnUnhandledException>b__0()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Common.IL.ILUtil.DoTryFilterCatch(TryDelegate tryDelegate, FilterDelegate filterDelegate, CatchDelegate catchDelegate)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Diagnostics.ExWatson.SendReportOnUnhandledException(MethodDelegate methodDelegate, IsExceptionInteresting exceptionInteresting, Boolean terminating)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.Watson.SendReportOnUnhandledException(Action action)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.<>c__DisplayClass2.<OnStart>b__0()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.SendWatsonReportOnTimeout(String caller, TimeSpan timeout, TimerCallback timeoutHandler, UnderTimeoutDelegate underTimeoutDelegate)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.OnStart(String[] args)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.ServiceQueuedMainCallback(Object state)
Event Xml:
<Event xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events/event">
  <System>
    <Provider Name="MSExchangeRepl" />
    <EventID Qualifiers="49156">4004</EventID>
    <Level>2</Level>
    <Task>1</Task>
    <Keywords>0x80000000000000</Keywords>
    <TimeCreated SystemTime="2016-07-28T04:39:20.000000000Z" />
    <EventRecordID>1142649</EventRecordID>
    <Channel>Application</Channel>
    <Computer></Computer>
    <Security />
  </System>
  <EventData>
    <Data>System.TypeInitializationException: The type initializer for 'Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayComponentManager' threw an exception. ---&gt; System.InvalidCastException: Specified cast is not valid.
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.RegistryParameters.&lt;LoadRegistryValues&gt;b__2(RegistryKey key)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.RegistryParameters.TryGetRegistryParameters(Action`1 operation)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.RegistryParameters.get_ConfigUpdaterTimerIntervalSlow()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayComponentManager..ctor()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayComponentManager..cctor()
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.ReplayService.ReplayService.OnStartInternal(String[] args)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.Watson.&lt;&gt;c__DisplayClass1.&lt;SendReportOnUnhandledException&gt;b__0()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Common.IL.ILUtil.DoTryFilterCatch(TryDelegate tryDelegate, FilterDelegate filterDelegate, CatchDelegate catchDelegate)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Diagnostics.ExWatson.SendReportOnUnhandledException(MethodDelegate methodDelegate, IsExceptionInteresting exceptionInteresting, Boolean terminating)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.Watson.SendReportOnUnhandledException(Action action)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.&lt;&gt;c__DisplayClass2.&lt;OnStart&gt;b__0()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.SendWatsonReportOnTimeout(String caller, TimeSpan timeout, TimerCallback timeoutHandler, UnderTimeoutDelegate underTimeoutDelegate)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.OnStart(String[] args)
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.ReplayServiceBase.ServiceQueuedMainCallback(Object state)</Data>
  </EventData>
</Event>
Dominik ProchazkaAsked:
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Adam BrownConnect With a Mentor Sr Solutions ArchitectCommented:
run this:

get-mailboxdatabasecopystatus <database name>

Open in new window


https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd351258(v=exchg.150).aspx has a list of possible errors and what can cause them. Most likely your replication broke during the update and either needs to be re-seeded or the local copy of the database needs to be brought up to date.
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Tej Pratap Shukla ~DexterServer AdministratorCommented:
Hi
Check this link for solution to the error MS Exchange Replication Service Can't Start.
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff360684(v=exchg.140).aspx
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb217421(v=exchg.80).aspx
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Adam BrownSr Solutions ArchitectCommented:
The first response to this question is a link with instructions on how to start the replication service. This is not useful information when the replication service is incapable of being started. The most common cause of replication service failure is Database replication failure. Get-databasecopystatus in powershell will display database replication and give information on what the nature of the failure is. In addition, the link provided will assist in tracking down the problem. Without additional information and response from the user who posted the question, however, it is not possible to determine if this information has been used to resolve the error. Thus, full points should not be awarded.
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