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Traverse JSON array using LINQ query

Posted on 2016-08-02
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Last Modified: 2016-08-08
I am using NewtonSoft to convert JSON to classes.
Below is the JSON response with array of inventory that incldues a single array of contacts.

{  
   "inventory": [
   {
     "ItemId": 123,
     "category": "A",
     "Description": "xyz",
     "Code": "2",
     "company": "Z",
     "quantity": 5,
     "price": 2.5,
     "contact":[
{
"name": P,
"phone": 3333,
"email":p@g.com
}
]
    }
 ]
}

Below is the class

 Public Class Inventory
        Public Property ItemId As Integer
        Public Property category As String
        Public Property description As String
        Public Property company As String
        Public Property code As Integer
        Public Property Quantity As Integer
        Public Property Price As Decimal
        Public Property contactName As String
        Public Property contactPhone As String
        Public Property contactEmail As Date        
    End Class

I am using the following code to populate a gridview

Dim groupingList = docs.GroupBy(Function(g) New With {Key .Description = g.description, .Code = g.Code, .Category = g.category} ).
                        Select(Function(g) New With {g.First().description, g.First().Code, g.First().category, .Sum = g.Sum(Function(s) s.quantity), .Max = g.Max(Function(m) m.Price)}).ToList()

Gridview:
description | code |category | Quantity |Price |contactName

Now, how do I modify my LINQ query to include contact details in the gridview, so the gridview looks like:

description | code |category | Quantity |Price |contactName | contactPhone | contactEmail
0
Comment
Question by:Angel02
  • 6
  • 5
11 Comments
 
LVL 62

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
Comment Utility
Hi Angel02;

One question, when you convert the JSON to the class Inventory it is also filling in the three new properties for contact? If this is so then this should do it. Please see the three new lines at the end of the select statement.
Dim groupingList = docs.GroupBy(Function(g) New With {
                      Key .Description = g.description, 
                          .Code = g.Code, 
                          .Category = g.category
                      } ).
                      Select(Function(g) New With {
                          g.First().description, 
                          g.First().Code, 
                          g.First().category,
                          .Sum = g.Sum(Function(s) s.quantity), 
                          .Max = g.Max(Function(m) m.Price),
                          .ContactName = g.First().contactName,
                          .ContactPhone = g.First().contactPhone,
                          .ContactEmail = g.First().contactEmail
                      }
                      ).ToList()

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0
 

Author Comment

by:Angel02
Comment Utility
Actually I declared those in the class wrong

        Public Property contactName As String
        Public Property contactPhone As String
        Public Property contactEmail As Date  

would not give me anything as the JSON response does not have these nodes named "contactname", "contactPhone" and "contactEmail"

Please let me know the right way of doing this.
0
 
LVL 62

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
Comment Utility
Hi Angel02;

How are the class/s defined then? That is needed so the properties can be accessed correctly.
0
 

Author Comment

by:Angel02
Comment Utility
Sorry I am not sure what you mean. I defined the class according to the nodes in the JSON response, using the same names.

For response

  "inventory": [
   {
     "ItemId": 123,
     "category": "A",
     "Description": "xyz",
     "Code": "2",
     "company": "Z",
     "quantity": 5,
     "price": 2.5,
     "contact":[
{
"name": P,
"phone": 3333,
"email":p@g.com
}
]

I defined the class as below:

 Public Class Inventory
        Public Property ItemId As Integer
        Public Property category As String
        Public Property description As String
        Public Property company As String
        Public Property code As Integer
        Public Property Quantity As Integer
        Public Property Price As Decimal  
    End Class
0
 
LVL 62

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
Comment Utility
But in what class are these defined?
Public Property contactName As String
Public Property contactPhone As String
Public Property contactEmail As Date  

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Author Comment

by:Angel02
Comment Utility
I now declared them in a different class, like below:

Public Class InventoryContact
   Public Property Name As String
   Public Property Phone As String
   Public Property Email As Date  
End Class

Would that work?
0
 
LVL 62

Accepted Solution

by:
Fernando Soto earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
The way you have it set up now you will not be able to add the contact right now because you can only have a collection of a class that would be Inventory and that class has no reference to the InventoryContact. InventoryContact has to have a reference from the Inventory class or become part of the Inventory class.
0
 

Author Comment

by:Angel02
Comment Utility
Thanks!.
I added a reference like below

Public Class Inventory
        Public Property ItemId As Integer
        Public Property category As String
        Public Property description As String
        Public Property company As String
        Public Property code As Integer
        Public Property Quantity As Integer
        Public Property Price As Decimal  
      Public Property Contact As List(Of InventoryContact

    End Class


Public Class InventoryContact
   Public Property Name As String
   Public Property Phone As String
   Public Property Email As Date  
End Class

I modified the LINQ query like below

Dim groupingList = docs.GroupBy(Function(g) New With {Key .Description = g.description, .Code = g.Code, .Category = g.category} ).
                        Select(Function(g) New With {g.First().description, g.First().Code, g.First().category, .Sum = g.Sum(Function(s) s.quantity), .Max = g.Max(Function(m) m.Price), .contactname = g.First().Contact.First().name, .contactphone = g.First().contact.First().phone, .contactemail = g.First().Contact.First().email}).ToList()

The only problem I have now is that the contact array could be empty  in few records. That is probably why I am getting the error "Value cannot be null."

How do I handle empty array?


{  
   "inventory": [
   {
     "ItemId": 123,
     "category": "A",
     "Description": "xyz",
     "Code": "2",
     "company": "Z",
     "quantity": 5,
     "price": 2.5,
     "contact":[]
    }
 ]
}
0
 
LVL 62

Assisted Solution

by:Fernando Soto
Fernando Soto earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
Hi Angel02;

Try the query like the following.
Dim groupingList = inventory.GroupBy(Function(g) New With {Key .Description = g.Description, .Code = g.Code, .Category = g.category}).
                    Select(Function(g) New With {
                        g.First().Description,
                        g.First().Code,
                        g.First().category,
                        .Sum = g.Sum(Function(s) s.quantity),
                        .Max = g.Max(Function(m) m.price),
                        .contactname = If(g.FirstOrDefault() IsNot Nothing, g.First().contact.First().name, ""),
                        .contactphone = If(g.FirstOrDefault() IsNot Nothing, g.First().contact.First().phone, ""),
                        .contactemail = If(g.FirstOrDefault() IsNot Nothing, g.First().contact.First().email, "")
                    }).ToList()

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Author Comment

by:Angel02
Comment Utility
Thank you!

I just had to change it to the following and it worked!

If(g.First().Contact.FirstOrDefault() IsNot Nothing
0
 
LVL 62

Expert Comment

by:Fernando Soto
Comment Utility
Not a problem Angel02, glad that worked out for you.
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