static class

gudii9
gudii9 used Ask the Experts™
on
Hi,

public class TestStringImmutability {

	
	public static class PrintName {
		public static void main(String[] args) {
			String greeting = "Hello my name is ";

			printMyName(greeting, "Doug") ;
			// "Hello my name is Doug"

			printMyName(greeting, "Sam") ;
			// "Hello my name is Sam"
		}

		public static void printMyName(String g, String name) {
			// Does NOT change the original greeting String - which is immutable
			g += name ;
			System.out.println(g);
		}
	}
	/*public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub

	}*/

}

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output
Hello my name is Doug
Hello my name is Sam


why i was forced to write above cass as static by compiler to compile code. I never remember writing any class as static? what is significance of static for a class? How to execute above code without static keyword. usually static used for class members to make them global right (for method and variables without need to create instance to call them). please advise
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The key is that the class is inside another one:

public class TestStringImmutability {
    public static class PrintName {
    }
}

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If you make the internal class "static" it actually (oddly enough) means make this a "normal class".  So you should use it 99% of the time.

If you don't include the keyword static then the inner class (PrintName here) retains a special pointer back to the outer class (TestStringImmutability).

You access this magic extra property like this:
TestStringImmutability.this
from within the inner class.

In my opinion, this goes under the heading of "cool ideas that were introduced into Java, that they maybe regret now".

So learn to add "static" to inner class definitions and you can safely ignore this special inner class behavior.

Doug

Author

Commented:
The key is that the class is inside another one:

public class TestStringImmutability {
    public static class PrintName {
    }
}

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If you make the internal class "static" it actually (oddly enough) means make this a "normal class".  So you should use it 99% of the time.

ok i noticed now there are tow classes


If you make the internal class "static" it actually (oddly enough) means make this a "normal class".  So you should use it 99% of the time.

can you please elaborate on this. i was not clear. are you saying it is always good idea to make inner classes as static rather than non static?
are you saying it is always good idea to make inner classes as static rather than non static?

Yes that's right.

If you add "static" they will behave exactly like every other class you've ever encountered.
If you don't add "static" they will behave somewhat differently - with special problems and challenges.

So just add "static" and your life will be simpler.

Doug

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