Why am I getting an error with this SELECT statement?

Bruce Gust
Bruce Gust used Ask the Experts™
on
Here's my SELECT query:

 select a.* from
    (
         select b.encountercode, patient.patientid, practicepatientid, practiceaccountid, client.clientcode, practice.practicecode, practicename, patientfname, patientlname, patientdob, dbo.ufn_getSSN(patient.accountid) as patientssn, patientgender, patient.accountid, accountstatuscode, accountstatuscode2, patientadminstatuscode, patientfinancialstatuscode 

        , ( (case when account.practiceaccountid like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when patient.patientlname like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when patient.patientfname like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when account.accountid like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when b.encountercode like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end) ) as hits from 
        account (nolock)
            join patient (nolock) on patient.accountid = account.accountid
            join practice (nolock) on account.practiceid = practice.PracticeID
            join client (nolock) on practice.clientid = client.clientid
			LEFT JOIN (SELECT TOP 1 ChargeGroup.AccountID, ChargeGroup.encountercode FROM ChargeGroup (nolock) 
			where 
			ChargeGroup.encountercode='Johnson'
			AND
			ChargeGroup.clientcode='AIRCARE') b 
			ON Account.AccountID=b.AccountID
        where client.clientcode in('AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE','DHDC','DCC','DMH','ECH','FCH','GAH','DEMO','HRMC','DSCHD','DSCHD2','HOUCOHO','LMCH','MCGH','SDP','MERCY','OVSH','PF','PCMG','RCC','SMC','SMH','TONC','TRAD','TPS','TTT','00077793111','UGH','URMC','UTH','UTS','CPAP','CPAPNew','WCH','WMC')
        ) a
    where hits > 0
    order by  hits desc, patientlname asc 

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When it runs, I get this error:

Msg 102, Level 15, State 1, Line 14
Incorrect syntax near ','.

Line 14 being: ChargeGroup.clientcode='AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE',
                  'DHDC','DCC','DMH','ECH','FCH','GAH','DEMO','HRMC','DSCHD','DSCHD2','HOUCOHO',
                  'LMCH','MCGH','SDP','MERCY','OVSH','PF','PCMG','RCC','SMC','SMH','TONC','TRAD',
                  'TPS','TTT','00077793111','UGH','URMC','UTH','UTS','CPAP','CPAPNew','WCH','WMC') b

When I run it as ChargeGroup.clientcode='AIRCARE') b - no problem. There appears to be something flawed in the way I'm running it with more than one option, but I don't know how to fix it.

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Kent OlsenData Warehouse / Database Architect

Commented:
Perhaps line 14 should use the IN() predicate?

The given syntax
ChargeGroup.clientcode='AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE', ...

is incorrect.


Kent
Bruce GustPHP Developer

Author

Commented:
So, Kent, I tried this:

  select a.* from
    (
         select b.encountercode, patient.patientid, practicepatientid, practiceaccountid, client.clientcode, practice.practicecode, practicename, patientfname, patientlname, patientdob, dbo.ufn_getSSN(patient.accountid) as patientssn, patientgender, patient.accountid, accountstatuscode, accountstatuscode2, patientadminstatuscode, patientfinancialstatuscode 

        , ( (case when account.practiceaccountid like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when patient.patientlname like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when patient.patientfname like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when account.accountid like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  +  (case when b.encountercode like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end) ) as hits from 
        account (nolock)
            join patient (nolock) on patient.accountid = account.accountid
            join practice (nolock) on account.practiceid = practice.PracticeID
            join client (nolock) on practice.clientid = client.clientid
			LEFT JOIN (SELECT TOP 1 ChargeGroup.AccountID, ChargeGroup.encountercode FROM ChargeGroup (nolock) 
			where 
			ChargeGroup.encountercode='Johnson'
			AND
			ChargeGroup.clientcode IN ('AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE','DHDC','DCC','DMH','ECH','FCH','GAH','DEMO','HRMC','DSCHD','DSCHD2','HOUCOHO','LMCH','MCGH','SDP','MERCY','OVSH','PF','PCMG','RCC','SMC','SMH','TONC','TRAD','TPS','TTT','00077793111','UGH','URMC','UTH','UTS','CPAP','CPAPNew','WCH','WMC')) b 
			ON Account.AccountID=b.AccountID
        where client.clientcode in('AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE','DHDC','DCC','DMH','ECH','FCH','GAH','DEMO','HRMC','DSCHD','DSCHD2','HOUCOHO','LMCH','MCGH','SDP','MERCY','OVSH','PF','PCMG','RCC','SMC','SMH','TONC','TRAD','TPS','TTT','00077793111','UGH','URMC','UTH','UTS','CPAP','CPAPNew','WCH','WMC')
        ) a
    where hits > 0
    order by  hits desc, patientlname asc 

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...and I got the same error. Did I do it correctly or do you see something else...?

Let me know.

Thanks!
Data Warehouse / Database Architect
Commented:
Hi Bruce,

I've reformatted the original query to make it easier (for me) to read and changed the filter to use IN().

See if this one works.

Kent



select a.* from
(
  select 
    b.encountercode, 
    patient.patientid, 
    practicepatientid, 
    practiceaccountid, 
    client.clientcode, 
    practice.practicecode, 
    practicename, 
    patientfname, 
    patientlname, 
    patientdob, 
    dbo.ufn_getSSN(patient.accountid) as patientssn, 
    patientgender, 
    patient.accountid, 
    accountstatuscode, 
    accountstatuscode2, 
    patientadminstatuscode, 
    patientfinancialstatuscode,
    (
      (case when account.practiceaccountid like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)
      +  (case when patient.patientlname like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  
      +  (case when patient.patientfname like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  
      +  (case when account.accountid like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end)  
      +  (case when b.encountercode like ('%Johnson%') then 1 else 0 end) 
    ) as hits 
  from account (nolock)
  join patient (nolock) on patient.accountid = account.accountid
  join practice (nolock) on account.practiceid = practice.PracticeID
  join client (nolock) on practice.clientid = client.clientid
  LEFT JOIN (SELECT TOP 1 ChargeGroup.AccountID, ChargeGroup.encountercode 
             FROM ChargeGroup (nolock) 
             where ChargeGroup.encountercode='Johnson'
               AND ChargeGroup.clientcode in('AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE','DHDC','DCC','DMH','ECH','FCH','GAH','DEMO','HRMC','DSCHD','DSCHD2','HOUCOHO','LMCH','MCGH','SDP','MERCY','OVSH','PF','PCMG','RCC','SMC','SMH','TONC','TRAD','TPS','TTT','00077793111','UGH','URMC','UTH','UTS','CPAP','CPAPNew','WCH','WMC')
            ) b 
    ON Account.AccountID=b.AccountID
  where client.clientcode in('AIRCARE','ALLEN','AMG','BCMH','BBGH','CMI','DALE','DHDC','DCC','DMH','ECH','FCH','GAH','DEMO','HRMC','DSCHD','DSCHD2','HOUCOHO','LMCH','MCGH','SDP','MERCY','OVSH','PF','PCMG','RCC','SMC','SMH','TONC','TRAD','TPS','TTT','00077793111','UGH','URMC','UTH','UTS','CPAP','CPAPNew','WCH','WMC')
) a
where hits > 0
order by  hits desc, patientlname asc

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Bruce GustPHP Developer

Author

Commented:
Kent! That did it! Thank you very much! My workplace has just given me my cape and my superhero soundtrack, so rock on!

Just to explain back to you what the problem was and why your fix worked...

As long as you're looking for a single value, the equal sign works just fine. But when you expand the number of values that you're looking for, you now have to incorporate the "IN" operator in order for the SELECT to fire correctly, yes?

Thanks again!
Kent OlsenData Warehouse / Database Architect

Commented:
Hi Bruce,

That's correct.  The two valid syntaxes are:

  WHERE a = b

  WHERE a in ('A', 'B')

Note that behind the covers, the second form actually evaluates as

  WHERE (a = 'A' or a = 'B')

There is no performance penalty (or gain) using either one.


Good Luck!
Kent

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