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How to get a count based upon a grouping

Posted on 2016-08-08
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Last Modified: 2016-09-16
I need to query a table similar to the one below. Basically I need to group the records below by the number of records
in each month. So the query would produce this result from the CustomerPurchases table. I can have the query display the month/year however how do I get the counts, of the number of records per month?
Purchase Per Month
5/2016     3
6/2016     1
7/2016     4

CustomerPurchases
1 | 2016-05-01 12:33:44:187  |  Bartermore
2 | 2016-05-13 12:30:00:000  |  Drake
3 | 2016-05-31 01:22:11:187  |  Sami
4 | 2016-06-01 12:33:44:166  |  Gabak
5 | 2016-07-01 11:28:44:144  |  Laster
6 | 2016-07-11 12:34:45:186  |  Gobo
7 | 2016-07-15 12:33:44:187  |  Darmore
8 | 2016-07-15 12:33:44:175  |  Grabson
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Question by:brgdotnet
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8 Comments
 
LVL 10

Assisted Solution

by:HuaMinChen
HuaMinChen earned 165 total points (awarded by participants)
ID: 41748226
Try
select substring(convert(varchar,[PurchaseDate],112),1,6) [Month],count(*) [Total]
from Tab1
group by substring(convert(varchar,[PurchaseDate],112),1,6);

Open in new window

1
 
LVL 29

Accepted Solution

by:
Olaf Doschke earned 170 total points (awarded by participants)
ID: 41748274
Well, in SQL terminology you don't say " I need to group the records below by the number of records
in each month", you say "I need to group the records by month and get the count.

I'd give this a try - depends on your SQL Server version:
Select Year(Purchasedate), Month(Purchasedate), Count(*) FROM CustomerPurchases
Group By Year(Purchasedate), Month(Purchasedate)

Open in new window


Bye, Olaf.

PS: YEAR() and MONTH() are available since 2008, if your SQL Server installation is older then it's time to think of an upgrade, but you can then also use datepart(year, Purchasedate) and datepart(month, Purchasedate).
1
 
LVL 69

Assisted Solution

by:Scott Pletcher
Scott Pletcher earned 165 total points (awarded by participants)
ID: 41749053
The "standard, best-practice" way of adjusting a date to a given time period -- day, week, month, year, whatever -- is this:
DATEADD(<time_period>, DATEDIFF(<time_period>, 0, Column_Date), 0)
This very efficiently strips the time and adjusts the value to the start of the relevant period.

Thus, for this case specifically, you would do something like below.  The conversion of date to char is done last because SQL is slower at handling chars than dates, so it's more efficient to delay the conversion until then.

SELECT STUFF(CONVERT(varchar(10), [Month], 101), 3, 3, '') AS Month,
    Purchase_Count
FROM (
    SELECT
        CAST(DATEADD(MONTH, DATEDIFF(MONTH, 0, PurchaseDate), 0) AS date) AS Month,
        COUNT(*) AS Purchase_Count
    FROM CustomerPurchases
    /* WHERE PurchaseDate >= '20160101' /*if you need to limit the time range considered*/ */    
    GROUP BY CAST(DATEADD(MONTH, DATEDIFF(MONTH, 0, PurchaseDate), 0) AS date)
) AS derived
ORDER BY [Month]
1
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Author Comment

by:brgdotnet
ID: 41749676
Thank you.
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 41753853
brgdotnet, if your problem has been solved please choose the comment or comments that helped you out.
Cheers
1
 
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Author Comment

by:brgdotnet
ID: 41755829
:)
0
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:HuaMinChen
ID: 41774251
Hi Brgdotnet,
Please confirm that you have no more questions to this thread. Thanks
1
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:HuaMinChen
ID: 41801189
The previous given advice should have resolved the author's original question.
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