Not all emails show up in Apple Mail folder

I run Apple Mail under El Capitan and my mail is a Gmail account. I've just noticed that in one particular Apple Mail folder (there may be others) that only emails from the last month or so are shown, while if I go to Gmail I see many more in that folder including older ones. Why is that?
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Martin LissOlder than dirtAsked:
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Kyle SantosCustomer RelationsCommented:
Try removing the account and re-add it to your Mail program.  Re-run your test.
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Manuel FloresCommented:
Maybe this apply to your issue?... is in gmail configuration;

Limit IMAP
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Martin LissOlder than dirtAuthor Commented:
Mine is set to limit the number to 2000 but only about 20 of the 80 or so on gmail are showing up. I also went through all the other gmail settings and didn't see anything pertinent.
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strungCommented:
Assuming that you have Gmail set up as iMap and not as POP, right-click on the mailbox in the left panel and choose "synchronize mailboxaccountname".
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Martin LissOlder than dirtAuthor Commented:
Assuming that you have Gmail set up as iMap and not as POP, right-click on the mailbox in the left panel and choose "synchronize mailboxaccountname".
I had tried that and it didn't change anything even after quitting and restarting mail.
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strungCommented:
Try Kyle's suggestion.
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Martin LissOlder than dirtAuthor Commented:
That's a pain to do so I was hoping for something easier to come along;)
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strungCommented:
You could try rebuilding and re-indexing the mailbox, but recreating the account is still probably the better solution:

http://www.computerworld.com/article/2476217/mac-os-x/mac-os-x-how-to-fix-apple-mail-by-rebuilding-and-reindexing-the-mailbox.html

https://support.apple.com/kb/PH22339
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Kyle SantosCustomer RelationsCommented:
That's a pain to do so I was hoping for something easier to come along;)
Oh, I thought it was relatively easy.  I removed my gmail account from Mail and add it back in less than 30 seconds.
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Kyle SantosCustomer RelationsCommented:
Martin,

Did you have any new developments for us on this?
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Martin LissOlder than dirtAuthor Commented:
I haven't tried either of the two suggestions yet but I plan to and I won't abandon this question.
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