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PHP form to insert data into the database table

Posted on 2016-08-16
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Last Modified: 2016-09-04
Hi Experts:

I have a MySQL table with 7 columns - id, title, description, type and image1, image2, image3.  I need help on creating a form to enter the data on a webpage and insert into the table with id as the primary key which auto_increments.  With options to upload 3 images with a single form.

Thanks,
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Question by:imranasif17
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Expert Comment

by:Mukesh Yadav
ID: 41758090
What is the problem you are facing?
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Accepted Solution

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Ray Paseur earned 500 total points (awarded by participants)
ID: 41758091
This expert suggested creating a Gigs project.
There are several examples in the basic documentation for PHP.  If you're new to the language, you might want to get started learning here:
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/11769/And-by-the-way-I-am-New-to-PHP.html

Here is an example showing a design pattern of PHP and MySQL table maintenance.
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/12335/PHP-and-MySQLi-Table-Maintenance.html

Here is the explanation (with code samples) of why we avoid MySQL and choose MySQLi or PDO.
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/11177/PHP-MySQL-Deprecated-as-of-PHP-5-5-0.html

Here is a teaching example script showing how to upload images.
<?php // demo/upload_example.php
/**
 * Demonstrate how to upload one or more files, using HTML5 and PHP
 *
 * REQUIRED: Man Page References
 * http://www.w3schools.com/tags/att_input_multiple.asp
 *
 * http://php.net/manual/en/reserved.variables.files.php
 * http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.php
 * http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.post-method.php
 * http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.common-pitfalls.php
 * http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.errors.php
 * http://php.net/manual/en/features.file-upload.multiple.php
 *
 * http://php.net/manual/en/function.move-uploaded-file.php
 *
 * IMPORTANT: If dealing with large files
 * http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.upload-max-filesize
 * http://php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.post-max-size
 * http://php.net/manual/en/info.configuration.php#ini.max-input-time
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);

// MAY NOT BE NEEDED - CHECK PHP_INI PARAMETERS FOR YOUR TIMEZONE
date_default_timezone_set('America/Chicago');

// ESTABLISH THE NAME OF THE DESTINATION FOLDER ('storage' DIRECTORY)
$storage = 'storage';
if (!is_dir($storage))
{
    mkdir($storage);
}

// ESTABLISH THE BIGGEST FILE SIZE WE WILL ACCEPT - ABOUT 8 MB
$max_file_size = 8 * 1024 * 1024;

// ESTABLISH THE KINDS OF FILE EXTENSIONS WE WILL ACCEPT
$file_exts = array
( 'jpg'
, 'png'
)
;

// ARRAY OF ERRORS THAT MAY BE REPORTED IN $_FILES[]["error"] (THERE IS NO #5)
$errors = array
( UPLOAD_ERR_OK         => "Success!"
, UPLOAD_ERR_INI_SIZE   => "The uploaded file exceeds the upload_max_filesize directive in php.ini"
, UPLOAD_ERR_FORM_SIZE  => "The uploaded file exceeds the MAX_FILE_SIZE directive that was specified in the HTML form"
, UPLOAD_ERR_PARTIAL    => "The uploaded file was only partially uploaded"
, UPLOAD_ERR_NO_FILE    => "No file was uploaded"
, 5                     => "UNDEFINED ERROR #5"
, UPLOAD_ERR_NO_TMP_DIR => "Missing a temporary folder"
, UPLOAD_ERR_CANT_WRITE => "Cannot write file to disk"
, UPLOAD_ERR_EXTENSION  => "A PHP extension stopped the file upload"
)
;


// IF WE HAVE GOT SOMETHING IN $_POST - RUN THE ACTION SCRIPT
if (!empty($_POST))
{
    echo "<h2>Results: File Upload</h2>" . PHP_EOL;

    // ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE WHAT IS COMING THROUGH IN THE REQUEST
    // echo "<pre>"; var_dump($_FILES); var_dump($_POST); echo "</pre>";

    // REORGANIZE THE CONTENTS OF $_FILES SO WE CAN USE AN ITERATOR MORE SENSIBLY
    $nf = count($_FILES['userfile']['name']);
    while ($nf)
    {
        $nf--;
        $my_uploaded_files[$nf]['name']     = $_FILES['userfile']['name'][$nf];
        $my_uploaded_files[$nf]['type']     = $_FILES['userfile']['type'][$nf];
        $my_uploaded_files[$nf]['tmp_name'] = $_FILES['userfile']['tmp_name'][$nf];
        $my_uploaded_files[$nf]['error']    = $_FILES['userfile']['error'][$nf];
        $my_uploaded_files[$nf]['size']     = $_FILES['userfile']['size'][$nf];
    }

    // ITERATE OVER THE COLLECTION OF UPLOADED FILES
    foreach ($my_uploaded_files as $my_uploaded_file)
    {
        // SKIP OVER EMPTY SPOTS - NOTHING UPLOADED
        $error_code = $my_uploaded_file["error"];
        if ($error_code == UPLOAD_ERR_NO_FILE) continue;

        // IF THERE ARE ERRORS
        if ($error_code != UPLOAD_ERR_OK)
        {
            $error_message = $errors[$error_code];
            trigger_error("Upload error code: $error_code: $error_message", E_USER_WARNING);
            continue;
        }

        // SYNTHESIZE THE NEW FILE NAME
        $f_type = explode('.', basename($my_uploaded_file['name']));
        $f_type = end($f_type);
        $f_type = trim(strtolower($f_type));

        $f_name = explode('.', basename($my_uploaded_file['name']));
        $f_name = current($f_name);
        $f_name = trim(strtolower($f_name));

        // SERVER PATH TO THE NEW FILE
        $my_file_path
        = getcwd()
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $storage
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $f_name
        . '.'
        . $f_type
        ;

        // URL PATH TO THE NEW FILE
        $my_file_url
        = $storage
        . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
        . $f_name
        . '.'
        . $f_type
        ;

        // OPTIONAL TEST FOR ALLOWABLE EXTENSIONS
        if (!in_array($f_type, $file_exts))
        {
            trigger_error("$f_type Not allowed", E_USER_WARNING);
            continue;
        }

        // GET THE FILE SIZE
        $file_size = number_format($my_uploaded_file["size"]);

        // IF THE FILE IS NEW (DOES NOT EXIST)
        if (!file_exists($my_file_path))
        {
            // IF THE MOVE FUNCTION WORKED CORRECTLY
            if (move_uploaded_file($my_uploaded_file['tmp_name'], $my_file_path))
            {
                $upload_success = 1;
            }
            // IF THE MOVE FUNCTION FAILED
            else
            {
                $upload_success = -1;
            }
        }

        // IF THE FILE ALREADY EXISTS
        else
        {
            echo "<br/><b><i>$my_file_url</i></b> already exists." . PHP_EOL;

            // SHOULD WE OVERWRITE THE FILE? IF NOT
            if (empty($_POST["overwrite"]))
            {
                $upload_success = 0;
            }
            // IF WE SHOULD OVERWRITE THE FILE, TRY TO MAKE A BACKUP
            else
            {
                $now    = date('Y-m-d\THis');
                $my_bak = $my_file_path . '.' . $now . '.bak';
                if (!copy($my_file_path, $my_bak))
                {
                    trigger_error("Backup Failed for $my_file_url", E_USER_WARNING);
                }
                if (move_uploaded_file($my_uploaded_file['tmp_name'], $my_file_path))
                {
                    $upload_success = 2;
                }
                else
                {
                    $upload_success = -1;
                }
            }
        }

        // REPORT OUR SUCCESS OR FAILURE
        if ($upload_success == 2) { echo "<br/>It has been overwritten." . PHP_EOL; }
        if ($upload_success == 1) { echo "<br/><b>$my_file_url</b> has been saved." . PHP_EOL; }
        if ($upload_success == 0) { echo "<br/><b>It was NOT overwritten.</b>" . PHP_EOL; }
        if ($upload_success < 0)  { echo "<br/><b>ERROR: $my_file_url NOT SAVED - SEE WARNING FROM <i>move_uploaded_file()</i></b>" . PHP_EOL; }
        if ($upload_success > 0)
        {
            echo "$file_size bytes uploaded." . PHP_EOL;
            if (!chmod ($my_file_path, 0755))
            {
                echo '<br/>chmod(0755) FAILED: fileperms() = ';
                echo substr(sprintf('%o', fileperms($my_file_path)), -4);
            }
            echo '<br/>See the file: <a target="_blank" href="' . $my_file_url . '">' . $my_file_url . '</a><br/>' . PHP_EOL;
        }
    } // END FOREACH ITERATOR - EACH ITERATION PROCESSES ONE FILE
} // END ACTION SCRIPT


// CREATE THE HTML FORM USING HEREDOC NOTATION
$form = <<<EOF
<h2>Upload file(s)</h2>
<!--
    SOME IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE ABOUT THIS FORM...
    REQUIRES THE HTML5 DOCTYPE
    ENCTYPE= ATTRIBUTE IN THE HTML <FORM> TAG
    MAX_FILE_SIZE HIDDEN CONTROL MUST PRECEDE THE FILE INPUT CONTROLS
    INPUT NAME= IN TYPE=FILE DETERMINES THE NAME YOU FIND IN _FILES ARRAY
    ABSENCE OF ACTION= ATTRIBUTE IN <FORM> TAG CAUSES POST TO SAME URL
-->
<form name="UploadForm" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="$max_file_size" />
<p>
Find the file(s) you want to upload and click the "Upload" button below.
</p>

<input type="file" multiple name="userfile[]" size="80" />

<br/>Check this box <input autocomplete="off" type="checkbox" name="overwrite" /> to <b>overwrite</b> existing files.
<input type="submit" value="Upload" />
</form>
EOF;

echo $form;

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Tying all these things together into an application might be something you could use some help with.  If so, consider using E-E Gigs to work with a professional, hands-on.
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Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41783526
Recommended Gigs.  Author abandoned.
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