upcasting down casting object remains same but refernece changes

Hi,

When we do upcasting down casting and object instance why actual object still remains same but referenece changes? please advise
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gudii9Asked:
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CPColinSenior Java ArchitectCommented:
Please link to where you read that.
gudii9Author Commented:
public class Casting {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		Derived drv = new Derived();

		Base base = (Base) drv;

		System.out.println("Class : " + base.getClass()); 

		
	}

}

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public class Derived extends Base{

}

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public class Base{

}

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output is
Class : class Derived
i expected Base??
CPColinSenior Java ArchitectCommented:
i expected Base?
Why?
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gudii9Author Commented:
package com.upcast;
class Base {
    public Base() {}
    public void foo() {
        System.out.println("I'm the base!");
    }
}

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package com.upcast;

class Child extends Base {
    public Child() {}
    public void foo() {
        System.out.println("I'm the child!");
    }
}

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package com.upcast;

public class Test {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		Child x = new Child();
		Base y = (Base) x;
		y.foo();
	}

}

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output
I'm the child!
i expected I'm the base! (as reference is Base type)
gudii9Author Commented:
i expected Base?
Why?

since we upcaste to Base from Derived?
CPColinSenior Java ArchitectCommented:
Casting does not change the type of an object. It only changes the type of the reference to it. No matter how much casting you do to an object, calling getClass() on it will return the same class.

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gudii9Author Commented:
is it same with down casting? any good  example on down casting? do we do down casting also often as upcasting?
CPColinSenior Java ArchitectCommented:
It's the same with any casting.
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