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php drop down listing

Posted on 2016-08-19
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Last Modified: 2016-08-19
I use Drop-Down List for my user to select the products
I have 3 products, every products has 2-11 models,
I'd like to show to my users if they choose the first product, the user should see the related models of my first products on the second drop-down list.  

Do you have a php instruction for this model?
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Question by:Braveheartli
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5 Comments
 
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
actually, to make it efficient, it is "not" php doing this, at least not on the "drop down" change.
see this article, for example, on how to make this efficient for the user:
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/18556/Using-a-drop-down-box-to-populate-a-second-drop-down-box.html
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by:Braveheartli
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thank you Guy Hengel angelIII / a3
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Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
Comment Utility
This is not a php question - but a javascript one.

You are talking about linked drop downs - you need to provide all your options as a javascript data structure OR through callbacks to the server. You then need to setup event notifications on the change of each select to populate the next in the group.

I have put together a sample which you can view here. The sample demonstrates how to populate both from a JavaScript structure as well as getting data from the server.
HTML
  <form class="form form-horizontal">
    Get from server <input type="checkbox" name="server" id="server" /><br/>
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="company" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Company</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <select id="company" name="company" class="form-control linked-dropdown" data-linked="make">
          <option value="">-- Select Product --</option>
          <option value="1">Product1</option>
          <option value="2">Product2</option>
          <option value="3">Product3</option>
        </select>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="make" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Make</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <select id="make" name="make" class="form-control linked-dropdown" data-linked="model"></select>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="model" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Model</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <select id="model" name="model" class="form-control"></select>
      </div>
    </div>
  </form>

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JQuery
<script>
var options = {
  make: {
    1:{
      1: 'Prod1Make1',
      2: 'Prod1Make2',
      3: 'Prod1Make3'
    },
    2:{
      4: 'Prod2Make1',
      5: 'Prod2Make2',
      6: 'Prod2Make3'
    },
    3 :{
      7: 'Prod2Make1',
      8: 'Prod2Make2',
      9: 'Prod2Make3'
    }
  },
  model: {
    1: {
      1: 'Prod1Make1Model1',
      2: 'Prod1Make1Model2',
      3: 'Prod1Make1Model3'
    },
    2: {
      4: 'Prod1Make2Model1',
      5: 'Prod1Make2Model2',
      6: 'Prod1Make2Model3'
    },
    3: {
      7: 'Prod1Make3Model1',
      8: 'Prod1Make3Model2',
      9: 'Prod1Make3Model3'
    },
    4: {
      10: 'Prod2Make1Model1',
      11: 'Prod2Make1Model2',
      12: 'Prod2Make1Model3'
    },
    5: {
      13: 'Prod2Make2Model1',
      14: 'Prod2Make2Model2',
      15: 'Prod2Make2Model3'
    },
    6: {
      16: 'Prod2Make3Model1',
      17: 'Prod2Make3Model2',
      18: 'Prod2Make3Model3'
    },
    7: {
      19: 'Prod3Make1Model1',
      20: 'Prod3Make1Model2',
      21: 'Prod3Make1Model3'
    },
    8: {
      22: 'Prod3Make2Model1',
      23: 'Prod3Make2Model2',
      24: 'Prod3Make2Model3'
    },
    9: {
      25: 'Prod1Make3Model1',
      26: 'Prod1Make3Model2',
      27: 'Prod1Make3Model3'
    }
  }
};

$(function() {
  $('.linked-dropdown').change(function() {
    // GET THE id OF THE NEXT DROPDOWN
    // IN THE CHAIN
    var linked = $(this).data('linked');
    
    // CREATE THE SELECTOR
    var target = '#' + linked;
  
    // EMPTY THE TARGET
    $(target).empty();
    
    // EMPTY ALL THE CHILDREN
    var child = $(target).data('linked');
    while (child) {
      $('#' + child).empty();
      child = $('#' + child).data('linked');
    }
    
    // ARE WE GETTING THIS FROM THE SERVER
    // OR USING LOCAL ARRAY
    if ($('#server').is(':checked')) {
    
      // SERVER SEND AJAX CALL AND 
      // POPULATE WITH RESPONSE
      $.ajax({
        url: 't1496.php',
        data: {
          linked: linked,
          value: $(this).val()
        },
        type: "POST",
        dataType: "html"
      }).then(function(resp) {
      
        // SERVER BUILDS HTML RETURN
        // WE JUST INSERT IT
        $(target).html(resp);
      });
    }
    else {
      // GET THE SELECTED VALUE
      var val = $(this).val();
      // AND USE THIS TO GET THE CORRESPONDING
      // ARRAY OF OPTIONS
      opts = options[linked][val];
    
      // INSERT THE INSTRUCTION OPTION
      $(target).append($('<option/>').val('').html('-- Select --'));
      
      // LOOP THROUGH THE TARGET OPTIONS AND ADD THEM
      $.each(opts, function(v,o) {
        $(target).append($('<option/>').html(o).val(v))
      });
    }
  });
});
</script>

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PHP
<?php

$options = array (
  'make' => array (
    1 => array (
      1 => 'Server-Prod1Make1',
      2 => 'Server-Prod1Make2',
      3 => 'Server-Prod1Make3'
    ),
    2=> array (
      4=> 'Server-Prod2Make1',
      5=> 'Server-Prod2Make2',
      6=> 'Server-Prod2Make3'
    ),
    3 => array (
      7=> 'Server-Prod2Make1',
      8=> 'Server-Prod2Make2',
      9=> 'Server-Prod2Make3'
    )
  ),
  'model' => array (
    1=> array (
      1=> 'Server-Prod1Make1Model1',
      2=> 'Server-Prod1Make1Model2',
      3=> 'Server-Prod1Make1Model3'
    ),
    2=> array (
      4=> 'Server-Prod1Make2Model1',
      5=> 'Server-Prod1Make2Model2',
      6=> 'Server-Prod1Make2Model3'
    ),
    3=> array (
      7=> 'Server-Prod1Make3Model1',
      8=> 'Server-Prod1Make3Model2',
      9=> 'Server-Prod1Make3Model3'
    ),
    4=> array (
      10=> 'Server-Prod2Make1Model1',
      11=> 'Server-Prod2Make1Model2',
      12=> 'Server-Prod2Make1Model3'
    ),
    5=> array (
      13=> 'Server-Prod2Make2Model1',
      14=> 'Server-Prod2Make2Model2',
      15=> 'Server-Prod2Make2Model3'
    ),
    6=> array (
      16=> 'Server-Prod2Make3Model1',
      17=> 'Server-Prod2Make3Model2',
      18=> 'Server-Prod2Make3Model3'
    ),
    7=> array (
      19=> 'Server-Prod3Make1Model1',
      20=> 'Server-Prod3Make1Model2',
      21=> 'Server-Prod3Make1Model3'
    ),
    8=> array (
      22=> 'Server-Prod3Make2Model1',
      23=> 'Server-Prod3Make2Model2',
      24=> 'Server-Prod3Make2Model3'
    ),
    9=> array (
      25=> 'Server-Prod1Make3Model1',
      26=> 'Server-Prod1Make3Model2',
      27=> 'Server-Prod1Make3Model3'
    )
  )
);

$val = isset($_POST['value']) ? intval($_POST['value']) : false;
$linked = isset($_POST['linked']) ? $_POST['linked'] : false;
if ($val && $linked) {
  $opt = $options[$linked][$val];
  $return = <<< OPTION
      <option value="">-- Select --</option>

OPTION;
  foreach($opt as $v => $o) {
    $return .= <<< OPTION
      <option value="{$v}">{$o}</option>
OPTION;
  }
  
  echo $return;
}

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Author Comment

by:Braveheartli
Comment Utility
wow, that's even better... thank you very much Julian Hansen,
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
Comment Utility
You are welcome.
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