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Python multiple IF statements

Posted on 2016-08-21
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Last Modified: 2016-08-25
Hi Experts,

The script is currently only looking at the first IF statement and not corresponding IF statements when the condition does not match.

Hope someone can shed some light on the following script (Run in Securecrt) to log into the console port for a Cisco device and look for prompts and execute corresponding lines.

Thank you




# $language = "python"
# $interface = "1.0"

# Connect to an SSH server using the SSH2 protocol. Specify the
# username and password and hostname on the command line as well as
# some SSH2 protocol specific options.
# msgbox = crt.Dialog.MessageBox

def main():
# Prompt for a password instead of embedding it in a script...
#
# passwd = crt.Dialog.Prompt("Enter password for " + host, "Login", "", True)
      passwd = crt.Dialog.Prompt

# Build a command-line string to pass to the Connect method.
cmd = "/SERIAL COM6 /BAUD 9600 /NOCTS /DATA 8 /NODSR /PARITY NONE /NOXON"
crt.Session.Connect(cmd, False)
crt.Screen.Synchronous = True
# This line will need to be modified to wait for what the remote will send.
crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))

initial_1 = crt.Screen.WaitForString("outer")
initial_2 = crt.Screen.WaitForString("initial configuration dialog")
initial_3 = crt.Screen.WaitForString("con0")
initial_4 = crt.Screen.WaitForString("odified")
initial_5 = crt.Screen.WaitForString("Press RETURN to get started")


if initial_1 == True:
      crt.Screen.Send("en" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("Password", 2)
      crt.Screen.Send("password" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      crt.Screen.Send("erase startup-config" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("Erasing")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      crt.Screen.Send("delete nvram:vlan.dat" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("vlan.dat")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("confirm")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      crt.Screen.Send("reload" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("System configuration has been modified", 2)
      crt.Screen.Send("no" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("Proceed with reload", 2)
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))

if initial_2 == True:
      crt.Screen.Send("no" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("Would you like to terminate autoinstall", 3)
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))

if initial_3 == True:
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("rt1")
      crt.Screen.Send("en" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("Password")
      crt.Screen.Send("password" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      crt.Screen.Send("erase startup-config" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("Erasing")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      crt.Screen.Send("delete nvram:vlan.dat" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("vlan.dat")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("confirm")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      crt.Screen.Send("reload" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))

if initial_4 == True:
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("confirm")
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      
if initial_5 == True:
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      #
      crt.Screen.Send("en" + chr(13))
      #
      crt.Screen.Send("delete flash:vlan.dat" + chr(13))
      #
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.Send(chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
      #
      crt.Screen.Send("config t" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("config")
      #
      crt.Screen.Send("interface Cellular0/1/0" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("config")
      crt.Screen.Send("shut" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("config")
      #
      crt.Screen.Send("end" + chr(13))
      crt.Screen.WaitForString("#")
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Question by:synsynackack
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4 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:jmcg
Comment Utility
Perhaps I'm misunderstanding your program's intent, but it looks to me like you evaluate all of the initial_n variables once at the beginning of the script and never go back. So initial_1 is True while all the others are False.

There's a language called "Expect" that started out in the TCL/TK world, but has versions for Perl and for Python (Pexpect). There quite a bit to learn, but once you've got the hang of it, it works much better for scripting interactions like this.
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Author Comment

by:synsynackack
Comment Utility
Sorry about that, please let me rephrase my question:

The script is suppose to log into the Cisco device (via console port), look for a matching IF statement and execute the corresponding code.

The script currently only attempts to match the first IF statement and ignores the rest.

How would it be possible for the script to search down the list of IF statements and execute the relevant one(IF True)?

Thank you
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Accepted Solution

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jmcg earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
What's your basis for thinking the later if statements are not reached?

Before I started using Expect, I would write these dialogs with a loop around a single send/read statement and set up a state machine loop, where the received input plus current state would determine the next state. Waiting for a particular string to show up from the partner was too fragile.
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Author Comment

by:synsynackack
Comment Utility
Hi jmcg,

Managed to work out the issue, will post the script after some further testing.

Thanks for your advice.
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