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RSS Feed Parsing for Images

Posted on 2016-08-26
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Medium Priority
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Last Modified: 2016-08-29
I'm trying to parse out an RSS feed for images. My original code grabbed the title, description, link, and pubDate just fine. I read a tutorial online on how to get the images out as well, but now that I've updated my pull it gives me the errror:

Fatal error: Call to a member function getAttribute() on a non-object in /home/ode/public_html/dev/cron-insights2.php on line 10

Here is my code:
<?php

$rss = new DOMDocument();
$rss->load('http://feeds.feedburner.com/feedburner/Dvzy?format=xml');
$feed = array();

//FOR EACH ITEM RETURN RSS
foreach ($rss->getElementsByTagName('item') as $node) {

    $img = $rss->getElementsByTagName('img')->item(0)->getAttribute('src');

    $item = array(
        'title' => $node->getElementsByTagName('title')->item(0)->nodeValue,
        'desc' => $node->getElementsByTagName('description')->item(0)->nodeValue,
        'link' => $node->getElementsByTagName('link')->item(0)->nodeValue,
        'date' => $node->getElementsByTagName('pubDate')->item(0)->nodeValue,
        'image' => $img,
    );
    array_push($feed, $item);
}

echo '<pre>';
var_dump($feed);
echo '</pre>';

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Question by:Nathan Riley
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5 Comments
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41772215
Not sure if this is exactly what you want, but it might get you pretty close.
https://iconoun.com/demo/temp_gallitin.php
<?php // demo/temp_gallitin.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28965889/RSS-Feed-Parsing-for-Images.html
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);
echo '<meta charset="utf-8" />';
echo '<pre>';

$url = 'http://feeds.feedburner.com/feedburner/Dvzy?format=xml';
$xml = file_get_contents($url);
$xml = str_replace('<content:encoded>', '<content_encoded>', $xml);
$xml = str_replace('</content:encoded>', '</content_encoded>', $xml);
$obj = SimpleXML_Load_String($xml, 'SimpleXMLElement', LIBXML_NOCDATA);

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE XML
// echo htmlentities($xml);

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE OBJECT
// var_dump($obj);

// COLLECT INFORMATION HERE
$feed = [];

// A REGULAR EXPRESSION THAT FINDS IMAGE TAGS SRC ATTRIBUTE
$rgx
= '~'                  // REGEX DELIMITER
. 'src="'              // SRC INSIDE IMAGE TAG
. '('                  // START CAPTURE GROUP
. '[^"]*'              // ANYTHING UP TO END
. ')'                  // ENDOF CAPTURE GROUP
. '"'                  // END OF SRC ATTRIBUTE
. '~'                  // REGEX DELIMITER
. 'i'                  // FLAG: CASE INSENSITIVE
. 's'                  // FLAG: SINGLE LINE
;

foreach ($obj->channel->item as $item)
{
    $node['title'] = (string)$item->title;
    $node['desc']  = (string)$item->description;
    $node['link']  = (string)$item->link;
    $node['date']  = (string)$item->pubDate;

    $content       = $item->content_encoded;
    preg_match_all($rgx, $content, $match);
    $node['image'] = $match[0];
    $feed[] = $node;
}
var_dump($feed);

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0
 
LVL 12

Author Comment

by:Nathan Riley
ID: 41772328
Perfect, thanks Ray!

How can I have the image field only grab the first image as the image value instead of an array of them all?
0
 
LVL 111

Accepted Solution

by:
Ray Paseur earned 2000 total points
ID: 41772484
First image only?  Like this.  See line 46.
<?php // demo/temp_gallitin.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28965889/RSS-Feed-Parsing-for-Images.html
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);
echo '<meta charset="utf-8" />';
echo '<pre>';

$url = 'http://feeds.feedburner.com/feedburner/Dvzy?format=xml';
$xml = file_get_contents($url);
$xml = str_replace('<content:encoded>', '<content_encoded>', $xml);
$xml = str_replace('</content:encoded>', '</content_encoded>', $xml);
$obj = SimpleXML_Load_String($xml, 'SimpleXMLElement', LIBXML_NOCDATA);

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE XML
// echo htmlentities($xml);

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE OBJECT
// var_dump($obj);

// COLLECT INFORMATION HERE
$feed = [];

// A REGEX THAT FINDS IMAGE TAGS SRC ATTRIBUTE
$rgx
= '~'                  // REGEX DELIMITER
. 'src="'              // SRC INSIDE IMAGE TAG
. '('                  // START CAPTURE GROUP
. '[^"]*'              // ANYTHING UP TO END
. ')'                  // ENDOF CAPTURE GROUP
. '"'                  // END OF SRC ATTRIBUTE
. '~'                  // REGEX DELIMITER
. 'i'                  // FLAG: CASE INSENSITIVE
. 's'                  // FLAG: SINGLE LINE
;

foreach ($obj->channel->item as $item)
{
    $node['title'] = (string)$item->title;
    $node['desc']  = (string)$item->description;
    $node['link']  = (string)$item->link;
    $node['date']  = (string)$item->pubDate;

    $content       = $item->content_encoded;
    preg_match_all($rgx, $content, $match);
    $node['image'] = $match[0][0];
    $feed[] = $node;
}
var_dump($feed);

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0
 
LVL 12

Author Closing Comment

by:Nathan Riley
ID: 41774795
Great, thanks!
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41774799
Glad to help!
0

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