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Cisco Mutual Redistribution BGP OSPF Loop Prevention

Posted on 2016-08-26
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Last Modified: 2016-09-28
Hello Experts,

Please see diagram attached, I have a scenario where i have dual CE-PE configuration and need to enable mutual redistribution between BGP and OSPF. My concern is with routes being redistributed into OSPF from BGP and being re-advertised/redistributed back into BGP at the other CE.

I'm guessing I will have to configure some kind of filtering to prevent routes learnt via BGP being redistributed back in. I also understand this can be achieved with route tagging.

Can someone point me to some documentation/ links on the configuring route tagging to prevent loops in this scenario?

Cheers
routetagging.jpg
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Question by:Member_2_7966113
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by:Predrag
ID: 41772107
Scenario is pretty simple. Mutual redistribution of routes between two protocols.
When you are redistributing your routes into another protocol you tag routes.
Why you are tagging routes?
Because when you are receive routes from other protocol you can check tag to see if that was previously redistributed route or not. If route tag is the one that matches your tag that you configured during redistribution - that route should be dropped since if you add that route to routing table that would mean in the best case scenario suboptimal routing, worst case scenario routing loop. Actual problem with redistribution is that previously redistributed route can have better AD than the one that should be placed in routing table.

Route redistribution example
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by:Member_2_7966113
ID: 41772130
Predrag

That's a good example. However, I was hoping to find a scenario similar to example I posted, which would include the configurations.

Cheers.
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Predrag earned 500 total points
ID: 41773452
Simple example:
(also the same should be done in other direction)

Importing routes from BGP:

"Left router" in your area

interface FastEthernet0/0                               <--- WAN interface
 ip address X.X.X.1 255.255.255.0
!
interface FastEthernet0/1                                   <---- LAN interface for ospf
 ip address 192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 1
 redistribute bgp 1 metric 10 metric-type 1 subnets <---- routes redistributed from BGP will keep tag 2
 network 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 area 0
!  if you want to use some arbitrary number
!  redistribute bgp 1 metric 10 metric-type 1 subnets tag 1000
!
router bgp 1                                               <----- ASN 1
 redistribute ospf 1
 neighbor X.X.X.2 remote-as 2          <----- neighbor ASN 2


Redistribution of routes to BGP

"Right router"                                  <------- the other router to internet
!
router bgp 1                                    <---- still the same ASN number - your area
 redistribute ospf 1 route-map TO-BGP    <----------- route map to filter routes
 neighbor Y.Y.Y.2 remote-as 3
!
route-map TO-BGP deny 10      <---- this will not permit routes with tag 2 to be redistributed
 match tag 2
!match tag x                                     <---- if you want to use some arbitrary number
!
route-map TO-BGP permit 20       <---- permit the rest of the routes
!

So this will prevent routes received from your "left router" to be advertised back to BGP on your "right router".
But I am not sure what is actual scenario here. If you are planing to redistribute all network routes to OSPF (full BGP route table) it is not going to work. If you are receiving some part of routing table (or filter routes that you will redistribute to OSPF) it's OK.
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by:Member_2_7966113
ID: 41820053
This worked for me. Thanks again
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Expert Comment

by:Predrag
ID: 41820056
You are welcome.
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