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Convert rows into Columns in SQL Server, T-SQL

Posted on 2016-09-01
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Last Modified: 2016-09-13
Hi Guys,
I need to convert rows into columns. My requirement is that a postcode can have several addresses like below.

AB1 2DE , Address 1
AB1 2DE, Address 2
AB1 2DE, Address 3
.................................
.................................
AB1 2DE, Address N
AB2 1DE, Address 1
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
AB2 1DE, Address N

I want to display all the addresses of a postcode as columns
AB12DE Address1 Address2 Address3 .........................Address N
AB2 1DE Address1 Address2 Address3 .........................Address N

Please note i am using SQL Server 2014

Kindest regards
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Question by:shah36
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5 Comments
 
LVL 49

Accepted Solution

by:
PortletPaul earned 2000 total points
ID: 41779706
ALL addresses of a postcode as columns......
What is the maximum number of addresses you have to deal with?

select max(n) as maxnum
from (
    select postcode, count(*) as n from yourtable group by postcode
   ) d

Only if that number is reasonably small should you "pivot" rows into columns
i.e. if maxnum is hundreds or thousands would you really want to try it?

You need "dynamic sql" to achieve what you want, e.g.

DECLARE @cols AS nvarchar(max)
DECLARE @query AS nvarchar(max)

SET @cols = STUFF((
      SELECT DISTINCT
            ',' + QUOTENAME(address)
      FROM yourtable
      FOR xml PATH (''), TYPE
)
.value('.', 'NVARCHAR(MAX)')
, 1, 1, '')

SET @query = 'SELECT postcode, ' + @cols + ' FROM
                (
                    SELECT
                          postcode, address
                     FROM yourtable
               ) sourcedata
                pivot
                (
                     max([address])
                    FOR [address] IN (' + @cols + ')
                ) p '

--SELECT @query /* use select to inspect the generated sql */

-- EXECUTE(@query) /*once satisfied that sql is OK, use execute (INSTEAD) */

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Author Comment

by:shah36
ID: 41786118
Thanks a lot it helps
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 41786961
Great! Will you close off the question please?
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 41795130
Thank you. Closure of questions is really appreciated.

Cheers
Paul
0
 

Author Comment

by:shah36
ID: 41796034
You are welcome Paul and really sorry i did not realise that i had not closed the question.

regards
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