Combine all files in one txt

Jazzy 1012
Jazzy 1012 used Ask the Experts™
on
How do I combine all my files named "389476_845786y.edi_5" (Random numbers but the beginning 3 and the _# at the end is stable, using php code, in a document called "combined.txt"
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Most Valuable Expert 2011
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
Read the files with file_get_contents() or file().  The file contents will be strings or arrays.  Append the files to one another.  If using arrays, you can use implode() to rebuild the strings.  Write the resulting strings with file_put_contents().

Author

Commented:
so i do
implode $myfiles =>'combined.txt' ?
Most Valuable Expert 2017
Distinguished Expert 2018

Commented:
Try this  - change wild card to match input files and $output path.
<?php
$output = 'combined.txt';
$files = glob("*.edi_5");

foreach($files as $f) {
    file_put_contents($output, file_get_contents($f), FILE_APPEND);
}

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Most Valuable Expert 2011
Top Expert 2016
Commented:
This should help you get started.
<?php // demo/temp_jasmine_5.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28967933/Combine-all-files-in-one-txt.html
 * Generate some files named like "389476_845786y.edi_5"
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);
echo '<pre>';


// GENERATE THE TEST FILES
$names =
[ "389_ABC.edi_5"
, "389_DEF.edi_5"
, "389_GHI.edi_5"
]
;
$alpha = str_split('ABCDEFG');
foreach ($names as $name)
{
    shuffle($alpha);
    $string = implode(NULL, $alpha) . $name;
    file_put_contents('storage' . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . $name, $string);
}


// SHOW HOW TO COMBINE THEM
$iterator = new FilesystemIterator('storage', FilesystemIterator::SKIP_DOTS + FilesystemIterator::CURRENT_AS_PATHNAME);

// USE A REGULAR EXPRESSION TO MATCH THE DESIRED FILE NAMES
$regex
= '#'          // REGEX DELIMITER
. DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR
. '389'        // STRING LITERAL "the beginning 3"
. '.*?'        // ANYTHING OR NOTHING
. 'edi_'       // STRING LITERAL
. '[\d]'       // CHARACTER CLASS FOR DIGITS
. '{1}'        // EXACTLY ONE DIGIT
. '$'          // AT THE END OF THE STRING
. '#'          // REGEX DELIMITER
;

// GATHER THE LIST OF THE DESIRABLE FILES
$desirable = [];
foreach ($iterator as $key => $filepath)
{
    if (preg_match($regex, $filepath))
    {
        $desirable[] = $filepath;
    }
}

// OPTIONAL: SORT THE FILE NAMES?  MAYBE?
sort($desirable);

// COLLECT THE DATA FROM THE DESIRABLE FILES
$collected = NULL;
foreach ($desirable as $name)
{
    $collected .= PHP_EOL . file_get_contents($name);
}
$collected = trim($collected);

// WRITE THE COMBINED FILE DATA (a document called "combined.txt" )
file_put_contents('storage' . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'combined.txt', $collected);

// SHOW A LINK SO WE CAN SEE THE COMBINED DATA
$link = '<a target="_blank" href="' . 'storage' . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR . 'combined.txt' . '">SEE THE FILE</a>' . PHP_EOL;
echo $link;

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Most Valuable Expert 2017
Distinguished Expert 2018
Commented:
Mod to ensure file is empty
<?php
$output = 'combined.txt';
$files = glob("*.edi_5");
unlink($output);
foreach($files as $f) {
    file_put_contents($output, file_get_contents($f), FILE_APPEND);
}

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Most Valuable Expert 2011
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
so i do
implode $myfiles =>'combined.txt' ?
Not exactly.  Whenever you're unsure about how a PHP function works, you can look it up on PHP.NET.  Example:
http://php.net/manual/en/function.implode.php

PHP implode() is used to turn an array into a string, with optional "glue" character(s).  It would create the string you would later write with file_put_contents().  The name of the output file would be used in file_put_contents(), not in implode().

Author

Commented:
But they dont have edi_5 at the end, many of them have geh2_4 or h343_4 , there just random
Most Valuable Expert 2011
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
But they dont have edi_5 at the end...
These are the kinds of "details" that we really, really need to know about if we are going to help you!  

You can provide us with a good-sized sample of known endings.  Or you can provide us with a written set of rules that define the endings.  Rules might be something like "three to five lower-case letters and numbers, followed by a single underscore, followed by a single digit."

The reason this is important is because glob() or regex matching uses written rules to find the file names that match your needs.  Without well-defined rules, we will miss important files or include unwanted files, and neither of those outcomes is acceptable.

You might also want to think about putting all the files you want into their own directory.  Then you could just say "process all files in this directory, no matter what their names."  Just a thought...
Most Valuable Expert 2017
Distinguished Expert 2018

Commented:
... or you can read the code, try to understand what is going on - posting back here for clarification and then modify the code to suite your particular circumstances. By working through the code and understanding it

a) You will learn something new
b) You will be able to maintain and extend the code without having to rely on external input.

Rather than trying to find an Expert to give you the exact answer - get into the code samples posted and understand what they are doing - then modify them to suit your particular requirements.

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