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MySQL decimal field is rounding and shouldn't be

Posted on 2016-09-06
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Last Modified: 2016-09-06
Hi there! I have a MySQL table that includes the following table column:

	percentDegree	decimal(3,1)	Not NULL	Default 0.0

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When I try to run an update...

UPDATE tbl_degrees SET percentDegree = '76.9' WHERE dataDate = '2015'

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...the 76.9 is entered in the table as 77.0.

I've seen other questions like this on here but it's usually a matter of people not having and decimal places defined or using the INT type. I've also seen a comment that "you can use FLOAT, but that comes with its own problems" but can't seem to find what those problems would be. Also, isn't this exactly the data type you would use decimals for?

Thanks!
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Question by:SiobhanElara
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Expert Comment

by:Ryan Chong
ID: 41786176
what about:

UPDATE tbl_degrees SET percentDegree = 76.9 WHERE dataDate = '2015'

?
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Expert Comment

by:Kim Walker
ID: 41786192
How are you viewing the value that's stored in the table? Are you querying the table or are you browsing the table in phpMyAdmin or a similar MySQL management utility?

If you're querying the table, it's possible that it's getting rounded somehow before it's displayed.
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Expert Comment

by:Ryan Chong
ID: 41786193
>>the 76.9 is entered in the table as 77.0
I just did a test, both SET percentDegree = '76.9' or SET percentDegree = 76.9 are working fine. they didn't turn to 77.0

more towards a display issue for me?
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Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
ID: 41786255
Confirm both '76.9' and 76.9 on a decimal(3,1) works as expected.

Where are you seeing 77.0
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Author Comment

by:SiobhanElara
ID: 41786270
It's both displaying that way and in the database that way; I'm also viewing the table through phpMyAdmin. Here's a screenshot of a query, the form, and what's in the database. (I'd entered 26.7 as seen in the query; the area under that is the result. This is a slightly different query than the original question, but all tables are having this problem.)

decimal-wonkyness.jpg
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Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
ID: 41786291
And if you run this directly in PHPMyAdmin
UPDATE data_educational_attainment SET percentBachelor=26.7 WHERE countryID=0 AND dataDate='2016';

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Author Comment

by:SiobhanElara
ID: 41786307
That works, as does double-clicking on the cell on phpMYAdmin table view and entering it there.
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Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
ID: 41786316
The problem is then in how you are submitting it to the DB - what is running that query?
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Author Comment

by:SiobhanElara
ID: 41786350
The ColdFusion code is as follows:

<cfquery datasource="#APPLICATION.ds#" result="bloop">
UPDATE #FORM.tableName#
SET #FORM.dataName# = <cfqueryparam value="#FORM[i]#" cfsqltype="cf_sql_decimal">
WHERE countyID = <cfqueryparam value="#countyID#" cfsqltype="cf_sql_integer">
</cfquery>

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("Bloop" outputs the query shown in the screenshot above.)
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Julian Hansen earned 500 total points
ID: 41786366
And if you do this
<cfquery datasource="#APPLICATION.ds#" result="bloop">
UPDATE #FORM.tableName#
SET #FORM.dataName# = <cfqueryparam value="#FORM[i]#" scale="1" cfsqltype="cf_sql_decimal">
WHERE countyID = <cfqueryparam value="#countyID#" cfsqltype="cf_sql_integer">
</cfquery>

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I don't use ColdFusion but according to the docs - the omission of the scale parameter defaults the value to 0 decimal places.
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Author Closing Comment

by:SiobhanElara
ID: 41786416
Holy crap, I hang my head in shame. Thank you for pointing out what I should have known all along!
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Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
ID: 41786467
You are welcome.
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