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jQuery Generalization

Posted on 2016-09-12
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Last Modified: 2016-09-12
I have a nested DIVs which represent a menu structure where the topmost element is displayed and on hover I make each top elements associated DIV visible.  

I have two questions:
How can I implement my jQuery to show/hide the DIVs without a lot of flashing?
How can I generalize the jQuery statement to handle as many top level elements as I add to avoid hardcoding per top level (the all follow the same naming and nesting conventions)?

I will paste the DIVs and then the jQuery I use to process them.

       //Fragment of the jQuery
	$('.top_1').hover(function(){
   			    $(".main_1").show();
				$(".top_2").hide();
				$(".top_3").hide();
				$(".top_4").hide();
			}, function(){
			$(".main_1").hide();
				$(".top_2").show();
				$(".top_3").show();
				$(".top_4").show();
	});				
		
	$('.top_2').hover(function(){
			    $(".main_2").show();
				$(".top_1").hide();
				$(".top_3").hide();
				$(".top_4").hide();
			}, function(){
	  		    $(".main_2").hide();
				$(".top_1").show();
				$(".top_3").show();
				$(".top_4").show();
	});				
	
//etc.  

Open in new window


<!-- Fragment of the DIVS -->
<!-- ***********************************************************************************	-->
<div class="TopMenuLink_1" style="float:left;padding:20">

    <div class="top_1" style="float:left;">
        <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">1-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
    </div> <!-- Close Top Div	-->
    
    <div class="main_1" style="padding:20;width:auto;">

        <div class="col_1_1" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">2-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">3-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">4-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->
    
        <div class="col_1_2" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">5-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">6-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">7-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_1_3" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">8-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">9-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">10-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_1_4" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">11-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">12-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">13-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_1_5" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">14-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">15-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">16-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_1_6" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">17-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">18-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">19-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

    </div><!-- Close Main Div	-->

</div><!-- Close TopMenuLink Div	-->

<!-- ***********************************************************************************	-->
<div class="TopMenuLink_2" style="float:left;padding:20">

    <div class="top_2" style="float:left;">
        <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">20-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
    </div> <!-- Close Top Div	-->
    
    <div class="main_2" style="padding:20;width:auto;">

        <div class="col_2_1" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">21-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">22-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">23-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->
    
        <div class="col_2_2" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">24-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">25-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">26-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_2_3" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">27-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">28-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">29-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_2_4" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">30-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">31-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">32-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_2_5" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">33-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">34-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">35-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

        <div class="col_2_6" style="float:left; height:100px;width:auto;padding-right:5">
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">36-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp">37-HTML Tutorial</a><br/>    
            <a href="http://www.w3schools.com/js/default.asp">38-JavaScript Tutorial</a><br/>
        </div><!-- Close Col Div	-->

    </div><!-- Close Main Div	-->

</div><!-- Close TopMenuLink Div	-->

<!-- etc. -->

Open in new window

0
Comment
Question by:Howard Bash
  • 2
3 Comments
 
LVL 60

Accepted Solution

by:
Julian Hansen earned 2000 total points
ID: 41794136
1. Give all your top <div>'s a generic class  of main-menu (remove the top_1, top_2 etc)
2. Add this jQuery
jQuery
$(function() {
  $('.main-menu').hover(function() {
    $(this).addClass('active');
  }, function() {
    $(this).removeClass('active');
  });
});

Open in new window

Add this CSS
.main-menu + div {
  display: none;
}
.main-menu.active + div {
  display: block;
}

Open in new window

Working sample here
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:Howard Bash
ID: 41794163
Nice!!!! Thanks.
0
 
LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
ID: 41794512
You are welcome.
0

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