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What is the correct way to format curly braces in PHP

Posted on 2016-09-13
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Last Modified: 2016-09-15
Which one of these is correct?

Screen-Shot-2016-09-13-at-11.16.55-P.pngScreen-Shot-2016-09-13-at-11.17.06-P.png
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Question by:burnedfaceless
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by:Ray Paseur
Ray Paseur earned 125 total points
ID: 41797258
Doesn't really matter, so long as the output is correct.  Coding standards are generally applied by the organization that you work for, so just use whatever they ask of you.

As a general rule, I think it's wise to make sure your code is easy to read and your intent is clear.  For me, the number one thing about control structures (curly braces) is to line them up vertically so anyone else reading the code can readily discern the cyclomatic complexity at a glance.

Maybe make a Google search for "cyclomatic complexity" and consider ways to reduce it in your programming.  This has been one of the most valuable lessons I've learned in the last few years.
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by:Dave Baldwin
Dave Baldwin earned 125 total points
ID: 41797308
I use the first method except that I indent the closing brace.  What I don't do is go back and change everything... unless the code isn't working.  Then it may get a lot of re-formatting until it works.  A lot of the code I work on was originally written by someone else.
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by:Ray Paseur
Ray Paseur earned 125 total points
ID: 41797650
Afterthought... Learn about "linter," "sniffer," and similar code checker scripts that check your code and provide hints for improvement.  PHPStorm (the best IDE by far) has this built-in now.
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Marco Gasi earned 250 total points
ID: 41798129
There is no a 'correct' way but several different coding standards. It's up to you choose one and the more important thing is: once you have choose a coding standard, respect it.

But coding standard is about readability of your code: you should even create a new one personal coding standard following your personal taste, nad your code would still work fine if it doesn't contain syntax errors.

You can fine here a list of most known coding standards: http://www.phptherightway.com/ Look at the Chapter 3 "Code Style Guide".

There you find even links to popular tools like PHP_CodeSniffer which can even adjust automatically your code to follow a specified coding standard.
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by:burnedfaceless
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