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Index not getting used in mysql query

Posted on 2016-09-19
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Last Modified: 2016-09-27
Hi,
I have the following table :
CREATE TABLE `note` (
  `id` char(36) NOT NULL,
  `body` text CHARACTER SET utf8mb4,
  `title` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 DEFAULT NULL,
  `preview` text CHARACTER SET utf8mb4,
  `created` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  `updated` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  `user` varchar(34) DEFAULT NULL,
  `conversation` varchar(34) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

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And I performed the following query :
explain select * from note where user='u:ynul5luymmnlys0u' and conversation is not null order by updated desc;

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In the output the key column had value NULL
which is expected as there is not index on user column.
So i added an index :
create index user_idx on note (user);

And performed the same query the output still had NULL in key column ??
Although in possible_keys it did show user_idx. Dont know why it didnt use the index on user column.

Please help me in understanding the above behavior.

Thanks
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Question by:Rohit Bajaj
2 Comments
 
LVL 25

Accepted Solution

by:
Tomas Helgi Johannsson earned 350 total points
ID: 41804901
Hi!

See my comment here.

It depends on your data and number of rows in the table what the optimizer does. If your table statistics shows that one user has more than 25% of conversation values then this index would not be enough to filter out the data fast enough and therefore the optimzer chooses tablescan.

Regards,
     Tomas Helgi
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LVL 24

Assisted Solution

by:Pawan Kumar
Pawan Kumar earned 150 total points
ID: 41804959
You can also force your index on your query if you are sure.
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