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Python 2.7 - Passing arguments

Posted on 2016-09-21
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Last Modified: 2016-09-21
Hi there,

From the windows shell, I need to start my project by passing an argument to it.

Command line: task.py "These are strings" "9"
Where 9 is a number

print "argument1"
type (argument1)
print("") #CLRF is intended here

print argument2 + 100
type (argument2)

Open in new window


Thanks for your help,
Rene
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Question by:ReneGe
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8 Comments
 
LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:gelonida
ID: 41809453
what you are looking foir is sys.argv, which works for windows and other OSes

import sys
args = sys.argv[1:]
if len(args) < 2:
    print("ERROR: at least 2 arguments required, but got only %d"  % len(args))
    sys.exit(1)

argument1, argument2  = args[:2]
argument2 = int(argument2)

print("argument1 %r" % argument1)
print("") #CLRF is intended here

print(int(argument2) + 100)

Open in new window


you might also look at a much more complex but very flexible solution for parsing command line arguments.

the module is called https://docs.python.org/3/library/argparse.html
it is used to parse / validate sys.argv[1:]
0
 
LVL 10

Author Comment

by:ReneGe
ID: 41809470
Hi Gelonida,

Thanks for your prompt response :)

Here is the output I got:
ERROR: at least 2 arguments required, but got only 0

My command line was: task.py "qq" "9"

Cheers
0
 
LVL 17

Accepted Solution

by:
gelonida earned 2000 total points
ID: 41809517
hmm that's strange:
just add one line to print the inital sys.argv value

import sys
print("ARGV = %r" % sys.argv)
args = sys.argv[1:]
if len(args) < 2:
    print("ERROR: at least 2 arguments required, but got only %d"  % len(args))
    sys.exit(1)

argument1, argument2  = args[:2]
argument2 = int(argument2)

print("argument1 %r" % argument1)
print("") #CLRF is intended here

print(int(argument2) + 100)

Open in new window


can you open a CMD window, cd to the directory where your script is located and type following commands and post the output that you get for each of line/command below?
task.py "qq" "9"
python task.py "qq" "9"
where python
ftype .py

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0
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LVL 10

Author Comment

by:ReneGe
ID: 41809521
Yea it's working

I omitted to add python in my command line :)

I'll know better next time!

Thanks for your help
Cheers
0
 
LVL 10

Author Comment

by:ReneGe
ID: 41809532
0
 
LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:gelonida
ID: 41809540
Good to know that you got it working.

However on my Windows machine I'm not obliged to type python before the command.

I guess, that your python launcher is not configured as it should be.
0
 
LVL 10

Author Comment

by:ReneGe
ID: 41809561
Maybe I should associate .py extensions to my python.exe
0
 
LVL 10

Author Comment

by:ReneGe
ID: 41809573
Did not work!  Oh well, I guess I can create a new question for this one as well
Thanks :)
0

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