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Shell script - run command using variable from a list

Posted on 2016-09-26
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Last Modified: 2016-09-26
Hi,

I need to issue a command to 10 hosts remotely and I was wondering what would be the best way to script it so I wouldnt have run it over and over for each one of them...

I was thinking on having a host list variable in a script and use:

ssh $HOST <command>

For each command I run I need to create a output file in the local machine where Im issuing the command from...

So it would be: ssh $HOST1 <command> > HOST1, ssh $HOST2 <command> > HOST2.. and so on....

What would be the best way to do it in a shell script?

Tks
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Question by:joaotelles
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woolmilkporc earned 2000 total points
ID: 41816267
You should create a file (e. g. "hostlist") containing your host names, one name per line.

Then use a "while" loop:

while read HOST
  do
     ssh -n  $HOST <command> > ${HOST}.result
   done < hostlist

Please note the "-n" flag of "ssh". It's very important here to prevent "ssh" from emptying stdin.
Note, too, that this doesn't work when "ssh" has to ask for a passphrase.
If you can't avoid this please let me know - we'll use a different approach then.
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LVL 68

Expert Comment

by:woolmilkporc
ID: 41816276
If you don't have passwordless access to your hosts use "for" instead of "while" ("for" does not read from stdin):

for HOST in $(<hostlist)
  do
     ssh $HOST <command> > ${HOST}.result
   done
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