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consolidate 4 lines of oracle query output to 1 line

Posted on 2016-09-29
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Last Modified: 2016-09-29
I've written the query below and it outputs 4 lines of data.  I need to consolidate the output to a single line, can someone help me out?  Thanks!!!

Query
SELECT 
distinct s.student_number as StuNum,
case when sts.testscoreid = '301' THEN sts.numscore else null end as EBRW_Total,
case when sts.testscoreid = '120' THEN sts.numscore else null end as Math_Total,
case when sts.testscoreid = '122' THEN sts.numscore else null end as Total_Score
FROM students s
LEFT JOIN StudentTestScore sts ON sts.StudentID = s.ID
LEFT JOIN StudentTest st ON sts.StudentTestID = st.ID
LEFT JOIN Test t ON st.TestID = t.ID
WHERE s.student_number = '12345' AND t.Name = 'SAT' AND sts.NumScore > 0

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My Current Results
StuNum,EBRW_Total,Math_Total,Total_Score
12345,,,1010
12345,,450,
12345,560,,
12345,,,,

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Desired results
StuNum,EBRW_Total,Math_Total,Total_Score
12345,560,450,1010

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0
Comment
Question by:Basssque
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4 Comments
 
LVL 77

Accepted Solution

by:
slightwv (䄆 Netminder) earned 500 total points
ID: 41821911
See if this works:
SELECT 
distinct s.student_number as StuNum,
max(case when sts.testscoreid = '301' THEN sts.numscore else null end) as EBRW_Total,
max(case when sts.testscoreid = '120' THEN sts.numscore else null end) as Math_Total,
max(case when sts.testscoreid = '122' THEN sts.numscore else null end) as Total_Score
FROM students s
LEFT JOIN StudentTestScore sts ON sts.StudentID = s.ID
LEFT JOIN StudentTest st ON sts.StudentTestID = st.ID
LEFT JOIN Test t ON st.TestID = t.ID
WHERE s.student_number = '12345' AND t.Name = 'SAT' AND sts.NumScore > 0
group by s.student_number

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0
 

Author Comment

by:Basssque
ID: 41821916
That works great!
Can you explain the use of max(), I'm not sure I understand how it's being used here.  Thanks!!
0
 
LVL 77

Assisted Solution

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
slightwv (䄆 Netminder) earned 500 total points
ID: 41821920
For every row you only ever return one value per column.

For example, EBRW_Total will only have a value in one of the 4 rows.  MAX ignores nulls so the MAX value is the only value returned.
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:Basssque
ID: 41821923
Thank you so much!
0

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