Limit on number of values in mysql in clause

Rohit Bajaj
Rohit Bajaj used Ask the Experts™
on
HI,
On this page :
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/comparison-operators.html#function_in
its mentioned that :
The number of values in the IN list is only limited by the max_allowed_packet value.
what does this means ??
On my mysql i have the following value of this variable :
mysql> show variables like 'max_allowed_packet'
    -> ;
+--------------------+---------+
| Variable_name      | Value   |
+--------------------+---------+
| max_allowed_packet | 4194304 |
+--------------------+---------+
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

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This is the default 4MB.
I dont understand the relation between the number of value and 4MB.

What limit does mysql produce on the number of values in the IN clause ?

Thanks
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Senior developer, analyst and customer assistance
Commented:
When you create an IN list you generally write strings that are buffered, so the limit is to have a buffer size not larger than max_allowed_packet.
Anyway there's not a sure limit number for arguments passed in the IN list: it depends on the size of the sent packet that is limited by max_allowed_packet.
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/server-system-variables.html#sysvar_max_allowed_packet

Author

Commented:
So is it like If i am using a query : select * from note where id in (id1, id2,....)
And say each id is a string of 10 chars
so each id is approx 10 bytes and if the number of elements in the list is 1000. Then total buffer size will be = 10000 bytes = 10 KB ??
which is smaller than 4 MB so it is fine ?

Also the link mentions something about if you are using large columns...
So for queries like select * from note where a column type is TEXT this max_allowed_packet comes into play ???
If i have to move from TEXT to LONGTEXT do i need to change max_allowed_packet ??
Ferruccio AccalaiSenior developer, analyst and customer assistance

Commented:
@will be = 10000 bytes = 10 KB ??
which is smaller than 4 MB so it is fine ?

more or less yes.

To better understand how datas are stored  in blob or longtext field take a look here http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/blob.html and
also the Data Type Storage Requirements here http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/storage-requirements.html

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