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Create Powershell code with Powershell (or Excel Macro) for a DSC configuration

Posted on 2016-10-30
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Last Modified: 2016-10-31
I have a CSV of Windows Features (pictured is a partial list) assume a column 'C' named "Ensure" populated with "Present" ...

csv.png

...that I would like to be read in - and then output into text that looks like this (below is the first two rows of the CSV pictured above, converted into the format I would need):

        
         WindowsFeature FileandStorageServices
        {
            Ensure = "Present"
            Name   = "FileAndStorage-Services"
        }
         WindowsFeature FileandiSCSIServices
        {
            Ensure = "Present"
            Name   = "File-Services"
        }

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Notice how the DisplayName column would need to have any spaces, special characters or punctuation removed; Leaving only A-Z or 0-9 characters.

How could I automate the creation of this text (that will ultimately live as Powershell code).

Thank you!
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Question by:K B
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7 Comments
 
LVL 80

Expert Comment

by:David Johnson, CD, MVP
ID: 41866430
Why are you using excel or a csv for this?  DSC uses mof files that are compiled from the powershell script file
0
 
LVL 6

Author Comment

by:K B
ID: 41866676
I am trying to create the powershell file.
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LVL 6

Author Comment

by:K B
ID: 41866702
Let me rephrase. I am attempting to create a powershell file from a customer provided CSV  the CSV is generated from executing get-windowsfeature from a machine with the desired state.
0
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LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Qlemo
ID: 41866782
Import-CSV C:\Temp\EE\CustomDSC..csv |
  ? { $_.Ensure -eq 'Present' } |
  % {
     Write-Output $(@"
        WindowsFeature {0}
        {
            Ensure = "Present"
            Name   = "{1}"
        }
"@ -f ($_.DisplayName -replace '[^A-Za-z0-9]'), $_.Name)
  } | Out-File CustomDSC.txt
[/code]
0
 
LVL 6

Author Comment

by:K B
ID: 41866823
Qlemo,

Thank you very much for your reply!

I am running into an error when I run your code:

Import-CSV C:\scripts\features.csv |
  ? { $_.Ensure -eq 'Present' } |
  % {
     Write-Output $(@"
        WindowsFeature {0}
        {
            Ensure = "Present"
            Name   = "{1}"
        }
"@ -f ($_.DisplayName -replace '[^A-Za-z0-9]'), $_.Name)
  } | Out-File CustomDSC.txt

Open in new window


Here is the error:

2016-10-31_0844.png
0
 
LVL 69

Accepted Solution

by:
Qlemo earned 500 total points
ID: 41866921
Oh, curly braces inside a format string have a special meaning. Should have expected that ... Solution: We just double the literal curly braces.
Import-CSV C:\scripts\features.csv |
  ? { $_.Ensure -eq 'Present' } |
  % {
     Write-Output $(@"
        WindowsFeature {0}
        {{
            Ensure = "Present"
            Name   = "{1}"
        }}
"@ -f ($_.DisplayName -replace '[^A-Za-z0-9]'), $_.Name)
  } | Out-File CustomDSC.txt

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0
 
LVL 6

Author Closing Comment

by:K B
ID: 41866927
genius!
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