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How to remove decimals from calculation amount

Posted on 2016-11-06
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Last Modified: 2016-11-06
I have a calculation like this (might be an easier way to work this out, but I am no maths boffin)

$discount_percent = ($reg_price-$sale_price)/$reg_price*100;

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This sometimes gives me something like 41.3333333333% which is obviously not what I want to display.

How would you remove all the .3 so it just shows 41% instead.

the best would be that if it is 41.5% or up to 41.9% it would round up to 42% and round down to 41.5% if less than 41.5%
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Question by:Black Sulfur
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8 Comments
 
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Ray Paseur earned 350 total points
ID: 41876100
number_format() is your friend
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by:Marco Gasi
ID: 41876101
Use round() function
$discount_percent = round(($reg_price-$sale_price)/$reg_price*100);

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by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41876102
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by:Marco Gasi
Marco Gasi earned 150 total points
ID: 41876103
Okay, number_format() affects what you display, round affects the result of the math op :)
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Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41876104
Marco: Exactly Right.  In my experience, the numeric values used in computations don't really need to be messed with - it's just the display that is the issue.  This kind of goes to the Model-View-Controller philosophy.  The Model carries the true  value (maybe including fractional cents) and the View presents a sensible "human" picture representation of the value.
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by:Black Sulfur
ID: 41876105
Man, you guys on Experts Exchange are the best! number_format() did the trick :)
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by:Marco Gasi
ID: 41876107
Ray, you're always a step forward :)
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Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41876196
Thanks for your kind words!

I would just add that when comparing floating point numbers, especially when looking for equality, you have an inherent risk in PHP.  See these links for details:
http://php.net/manual/en/language.operators.comparison.php
http://php.net/manual/en/language.types.float.php

One way to handle that risk is to use number_format() to about 6 decimals and compare the resulting strings.  Another is to learn about the "machine epsilon" and use that strategy.
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