Help in setting the first day of the week to Monday

Posted on 2016-11-07
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2016-11-08
Hi All,

I have this query
DECLARE @DateofWeek DATETIME = '20161120'
SELECT DATEADD(ww, DATEDIFF(ww,0,@DateofWeek), 0) AS WeekStartMonday

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I want to start the week from Monday. It all works fine for Mon-Sat and date goes back to Monday but for Sunday the date is set to the coming monday (tomorrow).
How can i change its behavior so that for sunday instead of going back a day forward it goes back to the previous monday?

Question by:Ali Shah
  • 3
  • 2
LVL 54

Accepted Solution

Vitor Montalvão earned 1000 total points
ID: 41877110
Use a CASE to verify if is Sunday or not:
DECLARE @DateofWeek DATETIME = '20161120'
	WHEN 7 THEN DATEADD(ww, DATEDIFF(ww,0,@DateofWeek), 0) 
	ELSE DATEADD(ww, DATEDIFF(ww,0,@DateofWeek-1), 0) 
	END AS WeekStartMonday

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LVL 70

Assisted Solution

by:Scott Pletcher
Scott Pletcher earned 1000 total points
ID: 41877254
Don't change the DATEFIRST setting just for this!  You don't need to at all, and you risk serious issues by doing so.  [For example, if someone later decided to add a function call in the code for some reason, that code might not work correctly because it was expecting the default DATEFIRST setting.]

Instead, use the code below, which works under any/all date settings.

DECLARE @DateOfWeek datetime
SET @DateOfWeek = '20161120'

--back up to Monday (if current date is Monday, don't adjust)
SET @DateOfWeek = DATEADD(DAY, -DATEDIFF(DAY, 0, @DateOfWeek) % 7, @DateOfWeek)

SELECT @DateOfWeek AS WeekStartDate

Author Comment

by:Ali Shah
ID: 41878554
Thank you very much both of them work. However when i try it in my code and try to get the weeknumber for that week. The sunday goes returns the next weeknumber.

For example the week starting from 28/12/2015 and ending at 03/01/2016 returns three different week numbers 53,1,2
from 28/12 to 31/12 it returns 53,
from 01/01 ot 02/01 it returns 1
and 03/1 it returns 2

is it possible to set the behavior so that i get the one week number from monday to sunday?


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LVL 54

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 41878569
from 28/12 to 31/12 it returns 53,
 from 01/01 ot 02/01 it returns 1
 and 03/1 it returns 2
I think is the correct behavior.
Last week of the year --> 53
1st week of the year --> 1
2nd week of the year --> 2

The scope is always the year.

Author Comment

by:Ali Shah
ID: 41878636
You are right but it was our requirement to start from 28/12/2015 and consider this as first week. So I hard coded it like

CASE Dates.WeekOfYearInteger
                          WHEN 53 THEN 1
                          ELSE DATEPART(WEEK, Dates.CalendarDate)
                        END AS WeekNumber

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It works for now.


Author Closing Comment

by:Ali Shah
ID: 41878639
Thank you guys. I had to set Datefirst to 1 but i am resetting to 7 after i execute the query.


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