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Time difference

Posted on 2016-11-08
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Last Modified: 2016-11-09
Hi I asked this question before, thought I had a working solution, but I'm back again. I have two time inputes, and want to be able to display the difference between the two on the form on a button click. the two text boxes are starttime1 and endtime1, and on a button click I want to display the time passed in a separate text box. How can I go about this?
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Question by:peter Ojeda
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LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41879022
Do you want to do this in PHP?  If so, these articles show ways of doing date/time arithmetic.

Procedural
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/201/Handling-Date-and-Time-in-PHP-and-MySQL-Procedural-Version.html

Object-oriented
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/20920/Handling-Time-and-Date-in-PHP-and-MySQL-OOP-Version.html

If you want to do this on the client-side (in the browser without reference to PHP) you might use "Request attention" and ask a moderator to add the question to the JavaScript Zone.
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LVL 51

Assisted Solution

by:Julian Hansen
Julian Hansen earned 500 total points
ID: 41879373
This is not a PHP solution and you did not state how you want the difference represented but here is a shot at a client side JavaScript / jQuery solution.
	Start Time <input type="text" name="starttime1" id="starttime1" />
	End Time <input  type="text" name="endtime1" id="endtime1"/>
	Difference <input type="text" name="difference" readonly id="difference"/>
	<br/>
	<button class="calculate btn btn-primary">Calculate</button>

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jQuery
<script>
$(function() {
  $('.calculate').click(function() {
    var starttime1 = new Date ($('#starttime1').val());
    var endtime1 = new Date($('#endtime1').val());

    var diff = endtime1.getTime() - starttime1.getTime();
    $('#difference').val(diff);
  });
})
</script>

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Working sample here
1
 

Author Comment

by:peter Ojeda
ID: 41879375
Hi sorry you are right I forgot to add that part. I am attempting to find the number of minutes passed from start time to end time.
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LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41879429
Here's a PHP solution.  We create a user-defined function to compute the elapsed minutes between any two valid Date/Time strings.

Supported formats for Date/Time strings are here: http://php.net/manual/en/datetime.formats.php
<?php // demo/temp_ojeda.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28981779/Time-difference.html
 *
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/20920/Handling-Time-and-Date-in-PHP-and-MySQL-OOP-Version.html
 * Note: UTC does not observe daylight savings time, so the elapsed computations will be correct throughout the year.
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);
echo '<pre>';


// DEFINE A FUNCTION TO COMPUTE ELAPSED MINUTES
function elapsed_minutes($alpha, $omega, $zone='UTC')
{
    try
    {
        $tzone      = new DateTimeZone($zone);
        $date_alpha = new DateTime($alpha, $tzone);
        $date_omega = new DateTime($omega, $tzone);
    }
    catch(Exception $e)
    {
        trigger_error($e->getMessage(), E_USER_WARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    $elapsed = (int)round( ( $date_omega->format('U') - $date_alpha->format('U') ) / 60);
    return $elapsed;
}


// USE THE FUNCTION
$alpha = "2:30:47pm";
$omega = "3:43:12pm";
var_dump( elapsed_minutes($alpha, $omega) );

$alpha = "Yesterday 2:30:47pm";
$omega = "3:43:12pm";
var_dump( elapsed_minutes($alpha, $omega) );

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LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41879509
This may be a little better.  It's a two-step solution.  Using AJAX you can get the expressive power of the PHP supported date/time strings without having to write a lot of JavaScript code.  You may want to add some sanity checks to this, but it seems to work OK if it's given useful inputs.

Test here: https://iconoun.com/demo/temp_peter_ojeda_client.php

Server-side script:
<?php // demo/temp_peter_ojeda_server.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28981779/Time-difference.html
 *
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/20920/Handling-Time-and-Date-in-PHP-and-MySQL-OOP-Version.html
 * Note: UTC does not observe daylight savings time, so the elapsed computations will be correct throughout the year.
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);


// DEFINE A FUNCTION TO COMPUTE ELAPSED MINUTES
function elapsed_minutes($alpha, $omega, $zone='UTC')
{
    try
    {
        $tzone      = new DateTimeZone($zone);
        $date_alpha = new DateTime($alpha, $tzone);
        $date_omega = new DateTime($omega, $tzone);
    }
    catch(Exception $e)
    {
        return $e->getMessage();
    }
    $elapsed = (int)round( ( $date_omega->format('U') - $date_alpha->format('U') ) / 60);
    return $elapsed;
}


// USE THE FUNCTION
echo elapsed_minutes( $_GET['alpha'], $_GET['omega'] );

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Client-side script:
<?php // demo/temp_peter_ojeda_client.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28981779/Time-difference.html
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);


// CREATE OUR WEB PAGE IN HTML5 FORMAT, USING HEREDOC SYNTAX
$htm = <<<HTML5
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html dir="ltr" lang="en-US">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<meta name="robots" content="noindex, nofollow" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />

<style type="text/css">
/* STYLE SHEET HERE */
</style>

<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-latest.min.js"></script>
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#go").click(function(){
        var alpha = $("input[name=alpha]").val();
        var omega = $("input[name=omega]").val();
        $.get("temp_peter_ojeda_server.php", {alpha:alpha, omega:omega}, function(resp){
            $("input[name=lapse]").val(resp)
        });
    });
});
</script>

<title>HTML5 Page With jQuery in UTF-8 Encoding</title>
</head>
<body>

<noscript>Your browsing experience will be much better with JavaScript enabled!</noscript>

<p>Enter Start and End date/time strings, then <input id="go" type="button" value="click here" />
<br>
Start: <input name="alpha" /> End: <input name="omega" /> Elapsed Minutes: <input name="lapse" readonly />
</p>
</body>
</html>
HTML5;


// RENDER THE WEB PAGE
echo $htm;

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HTH, ~Ray
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LVL 51

Accepted Solution

by:
Julian Hansen earned 500 total points
ID: 41879912
Can you confirm if you are interested in a PHP (server side soution) or JavaScript / jQuery (client side solution)
Minutes
HTML
    <form action="reflect.php" method="post">
      Start Time <input type="text" name="starttime1" id="starttime1" />
      End Time <input  type="text" name="endtime1" id="endtime1"/>
      Difference (ms) <input type="text" name="milliseconds" readonly id="milliseconds"/>
      Difference (min) <input type="text" name="minutes" readonly id="minutes"/>
      <br/>
      <button class="calculate btn btn-primary">Calculate</button>
	  <button class="btn btn-primary" type="submit">Submit</button>
  </form>

Open in new window

jQuery
<script>
$(function() {
  $('.calculate').click(function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    var starttime1 = new Date ($('#starttime1').val());
    var endtime1 = new Date($('#endtime1').val());

	
    var ms = (endtime1.getTime() - starttime1.getTime());
	var minutes = ms / 60000
    $('#milliseconds').val(ms);
    $('#minutes').val(minutes);
  });
})
</script>

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Updated sample here
0
 
LVL 51

Assisted Solution

by:Julian Hansen
Julian Hansen earned 500 total points
ID: 41879914
Using AJAX you can get the expressive power of the PHP supported date/time strings without having to write a lot of JavaScript code.
That's why we have libraries like MomentJs http://momentjs.com/
2
 
LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 41880409
@Julian: That's a good idea, but I don't know enough MomentJS to produce a practical solution with a code sample!
1
 

Author Comment

by:peter Ojeda
ID: 41880459
Thankyou Julian MomentJs looks very helpful I will look more into that.
0
 
LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:Julian Hansen
ID: 41880834
You are welcome.
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