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How can I assign SimpleXMLElements to variables?

Posted on 2016-11-12
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Last Modified: 2016-11-19
How can I assign SimpleXMLElements to variables?

The following PHP 5.3 code:
#!/usr/local/bin/php
<?php // demo/temp_it_architect.php
/**
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28982054/PHP-code-to-retrieve-NDFD-weather-forecasts.html
 *
 * https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/12239/Introduction-to-Application-Programming-Interfaces.html
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);

$url = <<<EOD
http://graphical.weather.gov/xml/sample_products/browser_interface/ndfdBrowserClientByDay.php?whichClient=NDFDgenByDay&lat=42.8808333&lon=-85.5228056&listLatLon=&lat1=&lon1=&lat2=&lon2=&resolutionSub=&endPoint1Lat=&endPoint1Lon=&endPoint2Lat=&endPoint2Lon=&centerPointLat=&centerPointLon=&distanceLat=&distanceLon=&resolutionSquare=&zipCodeList=&citiesLevel=&format=24+hourly&startDate=2016-11-12&numDays=7&Unit=e&Submit=Submit
EOD;

// SHOW HOW TO RETRIEVE DATA FROM THE API
$xml = file_get_contents($url);
$obj = SimpleXML_Load_String($xml);
echo '<pre>';
var_dump($obj);

Open in new window

returns weather information that looks like this:
object(SimpleXMLElement)#1 (3) {
  ["@attributes"]=>
  array(1) {
    ["version"]=>
    string(3) "1.0"
  }
  ["head"]=>
  object(SimpleXMLElement)#2 (2) {
    ["product"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#4 (5) {
      ["@attributes"]=>
      array(3) {
        ["srsName"]=>
        string(8) "WGS 1984"
        ["concise-name"]=>
        string(9) "dwmlByDay"
        ["operational-mode"]=>
        string(8) "official"
      }
      ["title"]=>
      string(58) "NOAA's National Weather Service Forecast by 24 Hour Period"
      ["field"]=>
      string(14) "meteorological"
      ["category"]=>
      string(8) "forecast"
      ["creation-date"]=>
      string(20) "2016-11-13T01:30:38Z"
    }
    ["source"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#5 (6) {
      ["more-information"]=>
      string(38) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/forecasts/xml/"
      ["production-center"]=>
      string(37) "Meteorological Development Laboratory"
      ["disclaimer"]=>
      string(39) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/disclaimer.html"
      ["credit"]=>
      string(23) "http://www.weather.gov/"
      ["credit-logo"]=>
      string(42) "http://www.weather.gov/images/xml_logo.gif"
      ["feedback"]=>
      string(35) "http://www.weather.gov/feedback.php"
    }
  }
  ["data"]=>
  object(SimpleXMLElement)#3 (4) {
    ["location"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#5 (2) {
      ["location-key"]=>
      string(6) "point1"
      ["point"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#9 (1) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(2) {
          ["latitude"]=>
          string(5) "42.88"
          ["longitude"]=>
          string(6) "-85.52"
        }
      }
    }
    ["moreWeatherInformation"]=>
    string(75) "http://forecast.weather.gov/MapClick.php?textField1=42.88&textField2=-85.52"
    ["time-layout"]=>
    array(3) {
      [0]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#4 (4) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(2) {
          ["time-coordinate"]=>
          string(5) "local"
          ["summarization"]=>
          string(8) "24hourly"
        }
        ["layout-key"]=>
        string(11) "k-p24h-n7-1"
        ["start-valid-time"]=>
        array(7) {
          [0]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-13T06:00:00-05:00"
          [1]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-14T06:00:00-05:00"
          [2]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-15T06:00:00-05:00"
          [3]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-16T06:00:00-05:00"
          [4]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-17T06:00:00-05:00"
          [5]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-18T06:00:00-05:00"
          [6]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-19T06:00:00-05:00"
        }
        ["end-valid-time"]=>
        array(7) {
          [0]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-14T06:00:00-05:00"
          [1]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-15T06:00:00-05:00"
          [2]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-16T06:00:00-05:00"
          [3]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-17T06:00:00-05:00"
          [4]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-18T06:00:00-05:00"
          [5]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-19T06:00:00-05:00"
          [6]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-20T06:00:00-05:00"
        }
      }
      [1]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#6 (4) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(2) {
          ["time-coordinate"]=>
          string(5) "local"
          ["summarization"]=>
          string(8) "12hourly"
        }
        ["layout-key"]=>
        string(12) "k-p12h-n14-2"
        ["start-valid-time"]=>
        array(14) {
          [0]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-12T18:00:00-05:00"
          [1]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-13T06:00:00-05:00"
          [2]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-13T18:00:00-05:00"
          [3]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-14T06:00:00-05:00"
          [4]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-14T18:00:00-05:00"
          [5]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-15T06:00:00-05:00"
          [6]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-15T18:00:00-05:00"
          [7]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-16T06:00:00-05:00"
          [8]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-16T18:00:00-05:00"
          [9]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-17T06:00:00-05:00"
          [10]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-17T18:00:00-05:00"
          [11]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-18T06:00:00-05:00"
          [12]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-18T18:00:00-05:00"
          [13]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-19T06:00:00-05:00"
        }
        ["end-valid-time"]=>
        array(14) {
          [0]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-13T06:00:00-05:00"
          [1]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-13T18:00:00-05:00"
          [2]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-14T06:00:00-05:00"
          [3]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-14T18:00:00-05:00"
          [4]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-15T06:00:00-05:00"
          [5]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-15T18:00:00-05:00"
          [6]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-16T06:00:00-05:00"
          [7]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-16T18:00:00-05:00"
          [8]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-17T06:00:00-05:00"
          [9]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-17T18:00:00-05:00"
          [10]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-18T06:00:00-05:00"
          [11]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-18T18:00:00-05:00"
          [12]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-19T06:00:00-05:00"
          [13]=>
          string(25) "2016-11-19T18:00:00-05:00"
        }
      }
      [2]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#7 (4) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(2) {
          ["time-coordinate"]=>
          string(5) "local"
          ["summarization"]=>
          string(8) "24hourly"
        }
        ["layout-key"]=>
        string(10) "k-p7d-n1-3"
        ["start-valid-time"]=>
        string(25) "2016-11-13T06:00:00-05:00"
        ["end-valid-time"]=>
        string(25) "2016-11-20T06:00:00-05:00"
      }
    }
    ["parameters"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#8 (6) {
      ["@attributes"]=>
      array(1) {
        ["applicable-location"]=>
        string(6) "point1"
      }
      ["temperature"]=>
      array(2) {
        [0]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#9 (3) {
          ["@attributes"]=>
          array(3) {
            ["type"]=>
            string(7) "maximum"
            ["units"]=>
            string(10) "Fahrenheit"
            ["time-layout"]=>
            string(11) "k-p24h-n7-1"
          }
          ["name"]=>
          string(25) "Daily Maximum Temperature"
          ["value"]=>
          array(7) {
            [0]=>
            string(2) "55"
            [1]=>
            string(2) "56"
            [2]=>
            string(2) "55"
            [3]=>
            string(2) "56"
            [4]=>
            string(2) "59"
            [5]=>
            string(2) "59"
            [6]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#15 (0) {
            }
          }
        }
        [1]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#10 (3) {
          ["@attributes"]=>
          array(3) {
            ["type"]=>
            string(7) "minimum"
            ["units"]=>
            string(10) "Fahrenheit"
            ["time-layout"]=>
            string(11) "k-p24h-n7-1"
          }
          ["name"]=>
          string(25) "Daily Minimum Temperature"
          ["value"]=>
          array(7) {
            [0]=>
            string(2) "36"
            [1]=>
            string(2) "40"
            [2]=>
            string(2) "40"
            [3]=>
            string(2) "39"
            [4]=>
            string(2) "37"
            [5]=>
            string(2) "48"
            [6]=>
            string(2) "42"
          }
        }
      }
      ["probability-of-precipitation"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#11 (3) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(3) {
          ["type"]=>
          string(7) "12 hour"
          ["units"]=>
          string(7) "percent"
          ["time-layout"]=>
          string(12) "k-p12h-n14-2"
        }
        ["name"]=>
        string(38) "12 Hourly Probability of Precipitation"
        ["value"]=>
        array(14) {
          [0]=>
          string(1) "0"
          [1]=>
          string(1) "1"
          [2]=>
          string(1) "1"
          [3]=>
          string(1) "3"
          [4]=>
          string(1) "3"
          [5]=>
          string(2) "13"
          [6]=>
          string(1) "7"
          [7]=>
          string(1) "0"
          [8]=>
          string(1) "0"
          [9]=>
          string(1) "0"
          [10]=>
          string(1) "0"
          [11]=>
          string(2) "52"
          [12]=>
          string(2) "43"
          [13]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#15 (0) {
          }
        }
      }
      ["weather"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#12 (3) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["time-layout"]=>
          string(11) "k-p24h-n7-1"
        }
        ["name"]=>
        string(37) "Weather Type, Coverage, and Intensity"
        ["weather-conditions"]=>
        array(7) {
          [0]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#15 (1) {
            ["@attributes"]=>
            array(1) {
              ["weather-summary"]=>
              string(17) "Increasing Clouds"
            }
          }
          [1]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#16 (1) {
            ["@attributes"]=>
            array(1) {
              ["weather-summary"]=>
              string(13) "Mostly Cloudy"
            }
          }
          [2]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#17 (1) {
            ["@attributes"]=>
            array(1) {
              ["weather-summary"]=>
              string(13) "Mostly Cloudy"
            }
          }
          [3]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#18 (1) {
            ["@attributes"]=>
            array(1) {
              ["weather-summary"]=>
              string(12) "Partly Sunny"
            }
          }
          [4]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#19 (1) {
            ["@attributes"]=>
            array(1) {
              ["weather-summary"]=>
              string(12) "Partly Sunny"
            }
          }
          [5]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#20 (2) {
            ["@attributes"]=>
            array(1) {
              ["weather-summary"]=>
              string(19) "Chance Rain Showers"
            }
            ["value"]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#22 (1) {
              ["@attributes"]=>
              array(4) {
                ["coverage"]=>
                string(6) "chance"
                ["intensity"]=>
                string(5) "light"
                ["weather-type"]=>
                string(12) "rain showers"
                ["qualifier"]=>
                string(4) "none"
              }
            }
          }
          [6]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#21 (0) {
          }
        }
      }
      ["conditions-icon"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#13 (3) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(2) {
          ["type"]=>
          string(12) "forecast-NWS"
          ["time-layout"]=>
          string(11) "k-p24h-n7-1"
        }
        ["name"]=>
        string(16) "Conditions Icons"
        ["icon-link"]=>
        array(7) {
          [0]=>
          string(54) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/weather/images/fcicons/sct.jpg"
          [1]=>
          string(54) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/weather/images/fcicons/bkn.jpg"
          [2]=>
          string(54) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/weather/images/fcicons/bkn.jpg"
          [3]=>
          string(54) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/weather/images/fcicons/sct.jpg"
          [4]=>
          string(54) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/weather/images/fcicons/sct.jpg"
          [5]=>
          string(61) "http://www.nws.noaa.gov/weather/images/fcicons/hi_shwrs50.jpg"
          [6]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#21 (0) {
          }
        }
      }
      ["hazards"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#14 (3) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["time-layout"]=>
          string(10) "k-p7d-n1-3"
        }
        ["name"]=>
        string(33) "Watches, Warnings, and Advisories"
        ["hazard-conditions"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#21 (0) {
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Open in new window

How can I assign the "Daily Maximum Temperature" values to strings?
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Comment
Question by:IT_Architect
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5 Comments
 
LVL 110

Accepted Solution

by:
Ray Paseur earned 250 total points
ID: 41885047
Please see the answer here:
https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/28982054/PHP-code-to-retrieve-NDFD-weather-forecasts.html#a41883992

See especially $name and $values in the code example.

Please let us know if you still have any questions!
0
 
LVL 17

Assisted Solution

by:Chris Harte
Chris Harte earned 250 total points
ID: 41886460
In this article simpleXML is used to parse an RSS feed. It also shows how to assign variables from the namespaces and attributes.

https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/11342/Reading-XML-Namespaces-using-PHP-Without-regex.html
1
 

Author Comment

by:IT_Architect
ID: 41889859
I assigned best solution and assisted solution before, but this morning when I look through them, I had to do some over again.  Let me know if I'm doing something wrong.
0
 
LVL 110

Assisted Solution

by:Ray Paseur
Ray Paseur earned 250 total points
ID: 41889931
Yeah, E-E has made some "improvements" to the question closing process that have rendered it nearly incomprehensible.  Hope they get this fixed soon!
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:IT_Architect
ID: 41894387
Tremendous help understanding this.
0

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