# Excel Calculate overtime from existing spreadsheet.

I have a report from a payroll system that a customer uses that calculates overtime hours incorrectly.  For example an employee may show 48 hours regular time in one pay period and 4 hours over time.  I need to have the regular time hours caped at 40 and the extra hours moved to the same employee on their over time line.  I'm attaching an example to make things a little easier to understand.  There are also cases where and employee will show 48 hours regular time and no line for overtime.  In those cases I need to add a line for overtime for that employee.
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Commented:
I added a concatenation column I as you had previously mentioned. This moved the Regular and Overtime hours columns to J & K, using formulas:
=IF(MATCH(\$I2,\$I\$2:\$I\$10000,0)=(ROW(\$I2)-ROW(\$I\$2)+1),MIN(40,SUM(SUMIFS(\$F:\$F,\$I:\$I,\$I2,\$E:\$E,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"})),MAX(0,40-SUM(SUMIFS(\$F\$1:\$F1,\$C\$1:\$C1,\$C2,\$E\$1:\$E1,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"})))),"")
=IF(MATCH(\$I2,\$I\$2:\$I\$10000,0)=(ROW(\$I2)-ROW(\$I\$2)+1),MAX(0,SUM(SUMIFS(\$F:\$F,\$I:\$I,\$I2,\$E:\$E,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"}))+SUM(SUMIFS(\$F\$1:\$F1,\$C\$1:\$C1,\$C2,\$E\$1:\$E1,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"}))-40-SUM(SUMIFS(\$K\$1:\$K1,\$C\$1:\$C1,\$C2,\$E\$1:\$E1,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"}))),"")

As written, these formulas assign worked hours to Regular and Overtime based on order of entry. For example, if Jim Jones works in four different departments (19, 25, 3 & 2 hours respectively), the first department likely gets 19 Regular hours, the second gets 21 Regular hours plus 4 Overtime, and the last two get 3 & 2 hours of Overtime.

When formulas get this complex in my own workbooks, I start thinking about using a user-defined function (VBA code) instead of a worksheet formula that nobody else can understand. That said, there is something good about eliminating all VBA from a workbook.

If you identify any more edge cases that need to be handled, please post a workbook with sample data showing the problem. I will most likely respond with a UDF.
-Payroll-ReportQ28983832.xlsx
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EE Topic Advisor, Independant Technology ProfessionalCommented:
I don't see an attachment, and maybe this would help answer the question, but do you to actually change the value in the overtime column? That would require a macro. If you are okay with adding a column, it could be done with a calculation in column C, "adjusted overtime":

=if(A1>40,A1-40+B1,B1)
A1 is regular hours claimed
B1 is overtime claimed
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Author Commented:
I thought the file attached.  I'll try again.
Payroll-Report.xlsx
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EE Topic Advisor, Independant Technology ProfessionalCommented:
Oh I see. Regular pay and overtime are separate entries. That might take a bit more work. Another expert may get an answer before I do, but that's okay.
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Commented:
Here are two formulas for regular time and overtime. I put them in two new columns, I & J in your sample workbook. These formulas return an amount for Regular and Overtime on the first line where an Employee ID is listed. On other rows for that Employee ID, an empty string (looks like a blank) is returned.
=IF(MATCH(\$C2,\$C\$2:\$C\$10000,0)=(ROW(\$C2)-ROW(\$C\$2)+1),MIN(40,SUM(SUMIFS(\$F:\$F,\$C:\$C,\$C2,\$E:\$E,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"}))),"")
=IF(MATCH(\$C2,\$C\$2:\$C\$10000,0)=(ROW(\$C2)-ROW(\$C\$2)+1),MAX(0,SUM(SUMIFS(\$F:\$F,\$C:\$C,\$C2,\$E:\$E,{"REGLAR","OVTIME"}))-40),"")

As written, these formulas only include hours with Pay Code marked as REGLAR or OVTIME. If you had a category for paid time off, that should be added to the array constant {"REGLAR","OVTIME"}. By matching the Pay Code to items in the array constant, you exclude time marked as ABSENT.
-Payroll-ReportQ28983832.xlsx
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Author Commented:
That solution is perfect for people that only work in one department.  But I have people who will work in 3 or 4 departments in a pay period.  Can the match function match on 2 fields like Employee ID and Department?
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Author Commented:
Actually I thing I've figured out a solution to the issue.  I'm creating a row with Employee ID and Department concatenated for each record and I'll match on that.

Thanks for the help.
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Author Commented:
Thanks again for the assistance.  Your formulas matching on a concatenated field with Employee ID and Department works great.
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Commented:
I don't think concatenating employee ID and department is going to work for you. The government will likely argue that over 40 hours means overtime no matter how many departments an employee works in.

I can extend the formula to match both department and employee ID--but you will need to define the logic. If there is overtime, which department pays it?

For example, suppose employee 123456 normally works 19 hours for department A and 19 for department B. But this week, he worked 19 hours for department A and 25 for department B. Do the departments then each pay for 2 hours of overtime? Or does department B pay for 4 hours of overtime?
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Author Commented:
According to my payroll people, if an employee has 40 hours or more in any department(s) then every hour worked in another department is automatically overtime.  In your example department B would be charged the overtime.
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Commented:
In my example, suppose the employee worked in department B early in the week, then in department A the rest of the week. Your payroll department would then say that department A was responsible for all the overtime--but there is insufficient information to determine this fact on the workbook you posted.
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Author Commented:
I know.  I don't think which department pays the overtime is a big consideration for this customer.  Just as long as the associate is paid properly.
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Author Commented:
Perfect solution for my needs.
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