Send email using HTML and PHP in separate file

Alison Cox
Alison Cox used Ask the Experts™
on
I have this all working (email sends just fine), except that on the HTML page I want the message "Thank you for sending us a message. We will get back to you as soon as possible." to appear on the contact-us.html.   What have I missed?  

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta name="description" content="">
    <meta name="author" content="">
    <title>Contact</title>
  <body>

    <header id="header">
        
        </header>


    <section id="contact-page">
        <div class="container">
            <div class="center">        
                <h2>Send A Message</h2>
                <p class="lead"></p>
            </div> 
            <div class="row contact-wrap"> 
                <div class="status alert alert-success" style="display: none"></div><div class="content">
                
                
                  <form  class="contact-form" name="contact-form" action="sendemail.php"   method="post">
                    <div class="col-sm-5 col-sm-offset-1">
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label>Name *</label>
                            <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" required="required">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label>Email *</label>
                            <input type="text" name="email" class="form-control" required="required">
                        </div>             
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-sm-5">
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label>Subject *</label>
                            <input type="text" name="subject" class="form-control" required="required">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label>Message *</label>
                            <textarea name="message"  required="required" class="form-control" rows="8"></textarea>
                        </div>                        
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <input type="submit"  class="btn btn-primary btn-lg"  >
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </form> 
                  </div><!--/.row-->
        </div><!--/.container-->
    </section><!--/#contact-page-->

</body>
</html>

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PHP:
<?php 

$status = array(
		'type'=>'success',
		'message'=>'Thank you for sending us a message. We will get back to you as soon as possible. '
	);
  header('Location: contact-us.html','Content-Type: application/json');
    $name = @trim(stripslashes($_POST['name']));
    $email = @trim(stripslashes($_POST['email']));
    $subject = @trim(stripslashes($_POST['subject']));
    $message = @trim(stripslashes($_POST['message']));

    $email_from = $email;
    $email_to = 'myemail@domain.com';

    $body = 'Name: ' . $name . "\n\n" . 'Email: ' . $email . "\n\n" . 'Subject: ' . $subject . "\n\n" . 'Message: ' . $message;

    $success = @mail($email_to, $subject, $body, 'From: <'.$email.'>');
    echo $status;
  
    die
    ?>

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Most Valuable Expert 2011
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
https://www.experts-exchange.com/articles/11769/And-by-the-way-I-am-New-to-PHP.html

The PHP script should be modified to produce this message.  Remove the header().  Go down to where it says echo $status (this probably is never executed because of the header() causing a redirection) and put the message you want in an echo statement there.

Also, remove the @ from all of the function calls, so you can find out if any of them are failing and correct the failures.  Remove the die statement.  Remove the ?> close PHP tag.  Avoid that tag whenever you possibly can.

Once you are seeing the message, then you can flesh out a nice looking HTML document with appropriate content and styling.  Most of us who have done this have put the HTML and PHP together into a single script file.  A single script file makes it easier to keep our work organized.
Most Valuable Expert 2017
Distinguished Expert 2018
Commented:
I would do an AJAX solution
Add this to your html file
<script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery.js"></script>
<script>
$(function() {
  $('form').submit(function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    var form = this; 
    $.post(
      form.action, 
      $(form).serialize(),
      function(resp) {
        if (resp.success) {
          form.innerHTML = resp.message;
        }
      }, 
      'JSON'
    )
  });
});
</script>

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PHP
<?php 
$status = array(
  'success'=>false
);
$data = getPost(array('name','email','subject','message'));

if (filter_var($data['email'], FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
  $email_to = 'julian@marcorpsa.com';

  $body = <<< BODY
    Name: {$data['name']}
    Email: {$data['email']}
    Subject: {$data['subject']}
    Message: {$data['message']}
BODY;
  $result = mail($email_to, $data['subject'], $body, "From: <{$data['email']}>");

  if ($result) {
      $status['success'] = true;
      $status['message'] = 'Thank you for sending us a message. We will get back to you as soon as possible.';

  }
}
  
die(json_encode($status));

function getPost($fields) {
  $result = array();
  
  foreach($fields as $f) {
    $result[$f] = isset($_POST[$f]) ? $_POST[$f] : '';
  }
  
  return $result;
}
?>

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Working sample here
Most Valuable Expert 2011
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
Here's my teaching example of a single script file that takes HTML form input and sends the input out via email.
<?php // demo/form_to_email.php
/**
 * Use PHP to Send Email from an HTML Form
 */
error_reporting(E_ALL);


// REQUIRED VALUES ARE PREPOPULATED - CHANGE THESE FOR YOUR WORK
$from = 'NoReply@Your.org';
$subj = 'Contact Form';

// THIS IS AN ARRAY OF RECIPIENTS - CHANGE THESE FOR YOUR WORK
$to[] = 'You@Your.org';
$to[] = 'Her@Your.org';
$to[] = 'Him@Your.org';


// IF THE DATA HAS BEEN POSTED (AT LEAST SOMETHING IN THE EMAIL INPUT CONTROL)
if (!empty($_POST['e']))
{
    // CLEAN UP THE POTENTIALLY BAD AND DANGEROUS DATA
    $safe_mail = clean_string($_POST['e']);
    $safe_name = clean_string($_POST['n']);
    $safe_fone = clean_string($_POST['t']);
    $safe_idea = clean_string($_POST['i']);

    // CONSTRUCT THE MESSAGE THROUGH STRING CONCATENATION
    $content  = NULL;
    $content .= "You have a New Query From $safe_name" . PHP_EOL . PHP_EOL;
    $content .= "Tel No: $safe_fone" . PHP_EOL;
    $content .= "Email: $safe_mail" . PHP_EOL;
    $content .= "Idea: $safe_idea" . PHP_EOL;

    // SEND MAIL TO EACH RECIPIENT
    foreach ($to as $recipient)
    {
        if (!mail( $recipient, $subj, $content, "From: $from\r\n"))
        {
            echo PHP_EOL . "<br/>MAIL FAILED FOR $recipient";
        }
        else
        {
            echo PHP_EOL . "<br/>MAIL WORKED FOR $recipient";
        }
    }

    // PRODUCE THE THANK-YOU PAGE
    echo '<p>THANK YOU</p>' . PHP_EOL;
    die('TASK COMPLETE');
}


// A FORM TO TAKE CLIENT INPUT FOR THIS SCRIPT
$form = <<<ENDFORM
<form method="post">
Please enter your contact information
<br/>Email: <input name="e" />
<br/>Phone: <input name="t" />
<br/>Name:  <input name="n" />
<br/>Ideas? <textarea name="i"></textarea>
<br/><input type="submit" />
</form>
ENDFORM;

echo $form;


// A FUNCTION TO CLEAN UP THE DATA - AVOID BECOMING AN OPEN-RELAY FOR SPAM
function clean_string($str)
{
    // IF MAGIC QUOTES IS ON, WE NEED TO REMOVE SLASHES
    $str = stripslashes($str);

    // REMOVE EXCESS WHITESPACE
    $rgx
    = '#'                // REGEX DELIMITER
    . '\s'               // MATCH THE WHITESPACE CHARACTER(S)
    . '\s+'              // MORE THAN ONE CONTIGUOUS INSTANCE OF WHITESPACE
    . '#'                // REGEX DELIMITER
    ;
    $str = preg_replace($rgx, ' ', $str);

    // REMOVE UNWANTED CHARACTERS
    $rgx
    = '#'                // REGEX DELIMITER
    . '['                // START OF A CHARACTER CLASS
    . '^'                // NEGATION - MATCH NONE OF THE CHARACTERS IN THIS CLASS
    . 'A-Z0-9'           // KEEP LETTERS AND NUMBERS
    . '"'                // KEEP DOUBLE QUOTES
    . "'"                // KEEP SINGLE QUOTES
    . '@&+:?_.,/\-'      // KEEP SOME SPECIAL CHARACTERS (NOTE ESCAPED HYPHEN)
    . ' '                // KEEP BLANKS
    . ']'                // END OF THE CHARACTER CLASS
    . '#'                // REGEX DELIMITER
    . 'i'                // CASE-INSENSITIVE
    ;
    $str = preg_replace($rgx, NULL, $str);

    // REMOVE EXCESSIVE INPUT
    $str = substr($str, 0, 255);

    return trim($str);
}

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Author

Commented:
Thanks all!  I ended up using the Ajax solution and it was perfect; but I'm going to also play with your last suggestion, Ray, because now I'm finally understanding how it works together and love the results.  Thanks bot

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