SQL: Best data type for lat & long coordinates? Float vs Decimal?

Im importing a new zip code table into SQL and was curious if there is a best way to store the lat and long?  I was inclined to store as decimal with 10 precision  (i.e. 43.901848      -101.246893)
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Dr. KlahnPrincipal Software EngineerCommented:
Well, no matter how it's stored, part of it must be stored as floating.

In degrees-minutes-seconds (DMS) format, hours and minutes can be integer, but seconds must be floating point.  Storage = 2*I + 1*FP

In decimal format, one floating point will do.  Storage = 1*FP

So storing in DMS format will take more storage than storing in floating point.  And doing "nearness" calculations is easier in decimal floating point.  If you don't see a need (or only an infrequent need) to display in DMS format, then decimal is the way to go.
arthurh88Author Commented:
Hi Dr. Klahn.  Do I need to do anything particular in my SQL table design other than "decimal(10, 7)" ?  I'm not sure how I specify 1*FP for that decimal field.
Dr. KlahnPrincipal Software EngineerCommented:
Sorry to say that I'm not an expert in SQL.  I weighed in on this question strictly from a data structures viewpoint.  But I'm sure if you leave the question up, someone will be able to help you with that issue.
Nitin SontakkeDeveloperCommented:
Starting SQL Server 2012 spatial data types are now available within database. However they are implemented as in .NET CLR.

Details are here.

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arthurh88Author Commented:
that helps!
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