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Storing common value for various id pairs in mysql

Rohit Bajaj
Rohit Bajaj asked
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Last Modified: 2017-05-12
HI,
This is a general question although i need to do it in Mysql but can be considered for any way of storage..
Say i have multiple ids  id1, id2, id3,id4...
And for each pair there is a corresponding value or some secret value which needs to be stored in a table...
The values are symmetric ie. the values for (id1, id2) is same as (id2, id1).

Please suggest the table schema or any way to store it...One way obviously is that i have a table with three columns...
id, id, value
and store things like :
id1, id2, val1
id2, id1, val1
id1, id3, val3
id3, id1, val3

The issue i see with this is that duplicate info is being stored in the table...

Also the ids are strings and vals are also strings..
Other way i can think of is of two columsn
if id1 < id2 then i store
id1 + " " + id2  val1

ie. i concatenate them and keep the first one which is smallest ..

Please suggest alternate approaches and pros and cons of above...
Thanks
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Commented:
yes that seems a good approach...
And what about when i get new value for some id pair..
But now wether it will be an update or an insert depends on whether there is a row with the id pair...otherwise need to insert...

will that cause any issue

Author

Commented:
will it be like two queries if the id pair are new..
because i will first try an update query and that will return 0 rows and so i will run another insert query ?

is there a way to avoid two queries here ?
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Commented:
MySQL can do that in one step with insert...on duplicate update:
https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/insert-on-duplicate.html

You will want to always insert in a repeatable order.  E.g. Make sure id1 < id2 in all cases.  Otherwise you could insert the same pair twice in two different orders and that would be bad.

Doug

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