Retreive missing patches based on eg buildnumber

Is there an option to retreive all missing patches on a windows system based on eg build number?
Systems do not have direct access to internet so can't contact Windows Update service to retreive an overview of the missing patches.

Question is to be able to retreive the missing patches through a centralized system and than deploy the missing patches to each system (or at least provide an overview of the missing patches)

If there is a complete overview of patches per OS version or some kind of API that can be contacted that can help in this would also be an option.
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rastoiWindows DTS expertCommented:
what about deploying WSUS on centralized system? It is exactly what are you looking for - and built in windows feature.
For both, reporting and deployment of missing patches
knuffelAuthor Commented:
WSUS is not an option since we have mutliple network environments not all attached to eachother to be able to use WSUS or SCCM.

Only option is to compare a system to a list of available patches but I couldn't find a list of all patches for a specific build/os. windows update site provides all patches but not grouped together :(
rastoiWindows DTS expertCommented:
i such case, I would recomend MBSA and
not officially supported, but still working on Windows 10/2016  too.
DonNetwork AdministratorCommented:
I would then use an external drive or a share that each client can reach and use "WSUS offline"

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rastoiWindows DTS expertCommented:
Common, frequent question. Author lost interest after answers
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