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Window functions operate on a set of rows and return a single value for each row from the underlying query. The term window describes the set of rows on which the function operates. A window function uses values from the rows in a window to calculate the returned values.
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Windowing Aggregate Functions
Windowing functions can be used to compute cumulative, moving, and centered aggregates. They return a value for each row in the table, which depends on other rows in the corresponding window. With windowing aggregate functions, you can calculate moving and cumulative versions of SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, MAX, MIN, and many more functions. They can be used only in the SELECT and ORDER BY clauses of the query. Windowing aggregate functions include the convenient FIRST_VALUE, which returns the first value in the window; and LAST_VALUE, which returns the last value in the window. These functions provide access to more than one row of a table without a self-join.
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