Want to use if then instead of Case end in Transact SQL

Using Transact SQL in SQL SERVER Management studio.  I have always used a Case statement when choosing. Can I use an If then

SELECT [Order ID],
[Order Amount],
[Order date],
if shipped = 1 then
End  as shipStatus
FROM Orders
WHERE [Order ID] between 2934 and 2944
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slightwv (䄆 Netminder) Commented:
CASE is the same thing as IF-THEN-ELSE.  Why would you want to use a different syntax?
Éric MoreauSenior .Net ConsultantCommented:
You just cannot embed a IF into a SQL statement. IF can only be used for control-flow. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/language-elements/if-else-transact-sql?view=sql-server-2017
Dale FyeCommented:
Not sure why you would want to do so, when CASE is so easy to use.
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chaverlyAuthor Commented:
Am teaching a class and student remarked that they had seen an if then statement in a report they inherited.
Éric MoreauSenior .Net ConsultantCommented:
maybe in a SP or a function but in a SQL Query per say
slightwv (䄆 Netminder) Commented:
Scott PletcherSenior DBACommented:
Explain to your student that the ANSI-standard, i.e. "best practice", way of testing within SQL is to use a CASE statement.

MS stupidly decided to allow IIF structure, going down the road of [Oracle's] PL/SQL, which has become an incongruous mish-mash of half a dozen language syntaxes rolled into "one language".  

If you look at the query plan, you'll see that the IIF gets converted into a CASE, because that is the way SQL does such condition checking.

Thus, don't teach your students to write poor code just because they can.  You can still write joins like this:

SELECT ... FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.id = t2.id

rather than using a JOIN clause, but that doesn't mean you should, because you shouldn't.

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Dale FyeCommented:
You can use many functions that are more aligned with VB or VBA than with SQL Server within expressions in SSRS.

I found it very confusing when I started working with SSRS.
chaverlyAuthor Commented:
Thank you for getting back to me.  I really appreciate your help.
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