AD question when replacing failed single server

I am (remotely) assisting someone who is replacing a failed Server 2008 computer on a single-server 8-user network.  There is a problem with that is keeping it from getting through POST.  Given the age of the computer it has been decided to replace it with a new Server 2016 Essentials system.

My question has to do with dealing with Active Directory.  I'm wondering whether we should keep the old domain name on the new server and re-join the workstations or if we should go with a new domain name.  It would be convenient if the existing (local) user profiles were preserved.

Suggestions would be appreciated!
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Lee W, MVPTechnology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
Preserving the domain name will not in any way allow the profiles to "reconnect".  Re-using the domain name or using a new one will still require you to rejoin the workstations and use a tool like the UserProfileWizard to migrate the profiles to the newly created user accounts.

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Lee W, MVPTechnology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
Domains are based on globally unique IDs (GUIDs) which are randomly created at install time.  Preserving the name means nothing because the GUID is different.
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Jose Gabriel Ortega CEE Solution Guide - CEO Faru Bonon ITCommented:
You never mention the old server OS (so we can have an idea of the Functional levels).
Either you haven't said if the client has any "shared" resources (like file server, folders, etc).

I will recommend any case (2003/2008r2) proceed with the new Domain.
Move the users  and groups
Move shared Folders from one server to the new one. (net use and assign permissions on the new domain)
Re-Join Computers
Move the Profiles using The Forensit "user Profile Wizard 3.12, previously (ProWiz) for free.

That's it.
CompProbSolvAuthor Commented:
The old server (as stated) is Server 2008.

As it won't boot anymore (the core of the problem), there are no users or groups to move.
Jose Gabriel Ortega CEE Solution Guide - CEO Faru Bonon ITCommented:
Then just go with the new  domain and server, and use the foresits software to move the profiles from old domain to new domain.

The process is join the computer into the domain.
Log the user
log off the user
Log in as administrator
Run Forenits (so you can pick the source profile and the new destination profile, the one on the new domain)

Works like a charm, try it .

Just one thing, once you run the profile migration you won't be able to recover the old profile on the old domain. So if you wanna test it do it on a VM or clone  machine. (to test).
CompProbSolvAuthor Commented:
Thank you.  That's pretty much what Lee suggested and I accepted as the answer.
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