Troubleshooting part of SQL backup script.

Hi EE,

I have the following script to take backup and label them by date:

DECLARE @name VARCHAR(50) -- database name  
DECLARE @path VARCHAR(256) -- path for backup files  
DECLARE @fileName VARCHAR(256) -- filename for backup  
DECLARE @fileDate VARCHAR(20) -- used for file name

-- specify database backup directory
SET @path = 'F:\Temp\'  
EXEC xp_cmdshell 'FORFILES /p @path /s /m *.BAK /d -1 /c "CMD /C del /Q /F @FILE"'

-- specify filename format
SELECT name 
FROM master.dbo.sysdatabases 
WHERE name NOT IN ('master','model','msdb','tempdb','test')  -- exclude these databases
OPEN db_cursor   
FETCH NEXT FROM db_cursor INTO @name   
   SET @fileName = @path + @name + '_' + @fileDate + '.BAK'  
   BACKUP DATABASE @name TO DISK = @fileName 

   FETCH NEXT FROM db_cursor INTO @name   

CLOSE db_cursor   
DEALLOCATE db_cursor

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The backups work fine however, the section to remove old DB backups isn't working
EXEC xp_cmdshell 'FORFILES /p @path /s /m *.BAK /d -1 /c "CMD /C del /Q /F @FILE"'

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I have enabled XP_Cmdshell in the server config and checked to make sure the directory is correct.

How else would I troubleshoot this issue?

Any assistance is welcome.

Thank you.
ZackGeneral IT Goto GuyAsked:
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Paul NeralichBusiness OwnerCommented:
Hi Zack,

Which version of SQL Server are you running?

Is it possible to execute this command interactively on the server to see how it behaves?
FORFILES /p F:\Temp\ /s /m *.BAK /d -1 /c "CMD /C del /Q /F @FILE"

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Or this just to see the file list of files that are getting queued for deletion:
FORFILES /p F:\Temp\ /s /m *.BAK /d -1 /c "CMD /C echo @FILE"

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- Paul N.
Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & Architect, EE Solution GuideCommented:
Is there by any chance that you are using Share folder instead of "F:\Temp", if so, then deleting files on share path might be due to some permission issues..
And there is no need to use \ after "F:\Temp" and hence slightly modified your code, try it once and let us know the feedback..
FORFILES /p "F:\Temp" /s /m *.BAK /d -1 /c "cmd /c del @FILE"

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ZackGeneral IT Goto GuyAuthor Commented:
Hi Paul,

I am using SQL Server 2017, I will attempt to run the ECHO command and let you know the outcome.

Hi Raja,

I will try your suggestion and see if this helps.

Thank you
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ste5anSenior DeveloperCommented:
I am using SQL Server 2017 [..]

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Then you should consider using a maintenance plan (scheduled) for this.
ZackGeneral IT Goto GuyAuthor Commented:
Hi Raja,

Thank you for the script that worked.

Raja Jegan RSQL Server DBA & Architect, EE Solution GuideCommented:
Welcome, Zack..
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