Create query with a running total using Access 2010

frimy used Ask the Experts™
Hello All,

using MS Access  2010
how can i make a query with a running Total not using the Dsum?
Also can i make it from a query or it has to be from a table.

thank you in advance
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Fabrice LambertConsulting
Distinguished Expert 2017

how can i make a query with a running Total not using the Dsum?
Dsum the shorter version of a SELECT query calling the Sum function.
The following codes provide the same thing:
Dim mySum as long.
mySum = DSum("myColumn", "myTable")

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Dim sql As String
sql = vbNullString
sql = sql & "SELECT Sum(myColumn) As mySum" & vbCrLf
sql = sql & "FROM MyTable;"

Dim db As DAO.Database
Set db = CurrentDb

Dim rs As DAO.Recordset
Set rs = db.OpenRecordset(sql, dbOpenSnapshot)

Dim mySum As Long
mySum = rs("mySum")

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Also can i make it from a query or it has to be from a table.
Yes you can.
Queries can use tables, subqueries or other "SELECT" queries as data source.
Most Valuable Expert 2015
Distinguished Expert 2018

You can use a simple subquery in the query, like:

Select *, 
    (Select Sum(Amount) From [Orders] As T 
    Where T.Id = [Orders].Id And T.Date <= [Orders].Date) As TotalAmount
From [Orders]

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Dale FyeOwner, Dev-Soln LLC
Most Valuable Expert 2014
Top Expert 2010

or you could create a query like the following, which I find works quicker than the subquery, especially with large data sets.

SELECT T.ID, T.DateTime, T.Debit, T.Credit, SUM(NZ(T1.Debit, 0) + NZ(T1.Credit)) as Balance
FROM yourTable as T
INNER JOIN yourTable as T1 ON T1.DateTime<= T.DateTime
GROUP BY T.ID, T.DateDime, T.Debit, T.Credit
Distinguished Expert 2017
I would think long and hard about doing this in a query at all.  For one thing, the solutions only work if you have a unique identifier and that unique identifier provides the sort order for the output.  If you need to do this on a non-unique field such as date, you should first summarize the recordset to produce a single row for each date.  Then the running sum will work.  If you are creating a report, there is no problem since a report is produced sequentially which is different from how the results of a query are produced.  If you need a running sum on a report, there is no need for a unique id.  You just need to sort the data on whatever makes sense to produce the running sum.  To produce a running sum on a report, use the RunningSum property of the Data tab.  The sum can be over all or over a group if you have used grouping in the report.

I haven't tested this with a table of any size but based on my understanding that Access does not optimize subqueries, I would think that Dale's join suggestion would be more efficient than using a subselect although both should be better than using DSum()


Dale's works beautiful and fast (but it doesn't work from a Query, I don't have time to investigate for now)
Gustav's is also very good and simple but it's very slow with a lot of records.
Thank you very much

I have now a list from all customers the daily open balance by date (that is the RunningSum).
now I need to get only the largest Open Balance for any date for each customer.

I'm going to post another question.

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