Name of Windows 10 background service needed for file sharing network?

Name of Windows 10 background service needed for file sharing network?

I am trying to think of the name of the Window 10 background service which needs to be activated for Windows 10 file sharing to take place. It's not "Computer Browser" service btw. It's another service on Windows 10 which to my knowledge is not enabled by default. Assuming you have all other settings for file sharing configured, enabling this service magically shows all other computers on the network*. But what is the name of this service?

(I am referring here to a Workgroup network and NOT a Domain network)
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JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
You just need File and Print sharing set in Advanced Network Properties. I also have Network Discovery enabled internally on networks as well. But this is all you need and (a) you can share files (I do that a lot) and (b) Windows looks after the rest. Nothing specific additional to set.
Devin BeckerDevOps AssociateCommented:

I think you are looking for the service: "Server".  which has a description of: "Supports file, print, and named-pipe sharing over the network for this computer. If this service is stopped, these functions will be unavailable. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start. "

Hopefully this is what you are looking for.

Devin Becker
JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
I think that is ON by default unless you stopped it. We have never had to set this but your experience (if you disabled it) may be different.
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Devin BeckerDevOps AssociateCommented:

That service is started by a trigger by default. Giving it the Automatic type. Sometimes restarting a service can help resolve issues, such as restarting the Print Spooler service.
JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
Could be . Never had to do that
Cliff GaliherCommented:
" enabling this service magically shows all other computers on the network*"

You rather switched gears with that sentence.  File sharing in windows is done via the SMB protocol.  You don't need to "see" other computeers to share files.  You can access a computer that has SMB sharing enabled by domain name, IP address, etc as long as your firewall allows it.  And you started off talking about *FILE* sharing.

But *browsing* the network (just seeing a magical list of computer names) has nothing to do with file sharing.  That is done by UPnP, the Computer Browser, and NetBIOS discovery, and other protocols.  And that is handled by *multiple* services, that, as John said above, are all enabled when you enable file and printer sharing.

If you are wanting Explorer to populate with other computer names that have file sharing enabled, that actually is the computer browser service, which populates its list based on NetBIOS broadcasts.  And a network will have a "master browser" that the workgroup machienes elect amongst themselves in a properly working network.  Firewall policies can, again, break this behavior.

JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
Pure browsing for other computers has also become unreliable for us. We never use it . Changes in underlying networking appears to cause this
furunoAuthor Commented:
I'm not sure its any of the services mentioned.

From memory, I do not think this service's name refers to "networking or server".
JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
I do not recall any services (other than Windows services that are always running) required to Browse (I don't bother with this) or share files.
Devin BeckerDevOps AssociateCommented:

As per the services.msc description, the Server service, is the one that handles this.
Supports file, print, and named-pipe sharing over the network for this computer.
Robert OrnelasVP Operations at Cook's ComputerCommented:
you need to go to programs and features/turn windows features on or off and enable SMB 1.0/cifs file sharing support, this is for connecting to windows 7 or older shares. But if you have all windows 10 you may need to set your network to Private in network settings and make sure that network discovery is turned on in advanced sharing settings. Most likely you need to turn on network discovery
JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
If Windows 7 is fully up to date, SMBv1 is turned off there as well.

Older systems are (hopefully) falling out of use.
Devin BeckerDevOps AssociateCommented:
After coming back from lunch and re-looking at this, I still think my original service still applies to your question, but I also found some other services to look into. Below are the name in bold with the descriptions quoted.

Function Discovery Resource Publication
Publishes this computer and resources attached to this computer so they can be discovered over the network.  If this service is stopped, network resources will no longer be published and they will not be discovered by other computers on the network.

UPnP Device Host
Allows UPnP devices to be hosted on this computer. If this service is stopped, any hosted UPnP devices will stop functioning and no additional hosted devices can be added. If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.

Computer Browser
Couldn't find the description of this one as I'm on a domain joined PC. But this should be enabled/show up in services.msc when you go to: Control Panel>All Control Panel Items>Network and Sharing Center> Advanced Sharing Settings and turn on Network discovery and File and Printer Sharing on your private network

Hopefully this is more inline with what you are looking for,

Devin Becker

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JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
I think a machine would have to totally screwed up if all this were needed (other than already running Windows Services). I never had to do more than enable File and Print.

And of course, SMBv1 is gone so old machines with it.
furunoAuthor Commented:
Thank you to everybody who responded here - John, Robert and Cliff.

The answer was "Function Discovery Resource Publication"

The last time I was setting up a Win 10  network - systems were not recognised until this was set to automatic.

Thanks Devin!
Devin BeckerDevOps AssociateCommented:

Glad I could be of help! Sorry for my original misunderstanding of your question. Glad I was able to find the right service for you.

Have a good one,

Devin Becker
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