Server Cores

ManieyaK_
ManieyaK_ used Ask the Experts™
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I'm trying to figure out pricing for Server 2019, I'm looking at Performance Tab in Task Manager, it shows 16 Logical Processors, & 8 Cores.  Does this mean 8 cores per processor, or just flat out 8 cores?
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)VMware and Virtualization Consultant
Fellow 2018
Expert of the Year 2017

Commented:
How many physical cores per processor in the host?

It’s 8 cores

How many processors

ALL CORES MUST BE LICENSED!!!
Adam BrownSenior Systems Admin
Top Expert 2010

Commented:
16 Logical Processors

"Logical" in computer terms generally means "Not Physical." So your system has 8 physical cores and is configured for Hyper-Threading/Hyper-Transport (depending on manufacturer) CPU Virtualization, which allows the cores to process two threads per cycle instead of just one. Only physical cores need to be licensed. Note that for VMs, you want to avoid "stacking" VMs on Logical Processors. This prevents VMs from fighting each other for resources.
Top Expert 2014
Commented:
You could get better information about the server with CPU-Z

https://www.cpuid.com/softwares/cpu-z.html
kevinhsiehNetwork Engineer

Commented:
You license for a minimum of 16 cores, so either way is moot because you would still be 16 cores at most.

The reality is that based on your provided information, you either have a single 8 core processor with hyperthreading enabled, or two 4 core processors with hyperthreading. Either way it is 8 physical cores, so you can get better processor or add a second processor to bring up to 16 cores without increasing the licensing cost to Microsoft.

If you're really concerned about security, especially if you run alongside unknown VMs, you should disable hyperthreading due to inherent side channel attacks against hyperthreading.
ManieyaK_CSSP

Author

Commented:
CPU-Z works great for what we're looking for.

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