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Fiber Recomendation for 10Gb Trunk

Network LayoutI manage an apartment complex that is about 6 acres in size and currently has CAT6 run pretty much everywhere. I am using Ubiquiti Unifi gear for the entire network. I would like to put in a Fiber trunk to all of the switches distributed thru out the complex.

This Network primarily serves a NVR of mostly 5MP cameras set at pretty high bandwidths each of about 10 to 15Mb each and as you can see (in the attached picture) all the cameras pass through the same switches at the end of the line where the servers are. We also have an ESXi server that connected to cameras on the other end of the run.

My thought is to keep it low budget but possibly get a few Mikrotik SFP+ switches and run fiber everywhere as a main trunk and tie the 10Gb from the Mikrotik switches and then uplink those to the UniFi Switch 8 POE-150Ws at 1Gb. I hope the makes sense so I just want to pass through that location at 10Gb and then uplink each UniFi Switch at 1Gb.
Attached is a map of the complex and basic network layout Blue is where CAT6 is run. This is the same place that I would run Fiber. If the Blue goes past a switch, its connected to that switch. There are a few switches that are not connected directly to the blue but those are further away from the blue so it should be obvious.

The CAT6 is run on roofs and aerially from roof to roof. So the Fiber would need to do the same. So it would need to be Outdoor rated for Sun and water and if it has a messenger wire that wouldn't hurt but I can create my own if needed as long as the sheath is sturdy enough to not wear through or something.

My question is what type of fiber would be a good choice for this purpose.
As far as I could tell Single Mode is my best option But I do need to be able to terminate the fiber myself. I am confident that if I take some time to learn how to properly do this I can but the easiest termination system that gives good results would be what I prefer.

Can you please recommend...
Fiber
Termination ends
SFP+ Fiber Modules that will work for the Mikrotik switch.
SFP 1Gb Modules that will work with Ubiquiti switches

Thanks,
Stuart
Chat / IMNetworkingVMware

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Last Comment
Bryant Schaper

8/22/2022 - Mon
Bryant Schaper

You can do 10gb over multimode fiber up to 550 meters.  That should work

Multimode is cheaper than single mode fiber, not only for the fiber but the hardware as well.

I can'c comment on the terminating and would recommend a professional handle that, even if you just contract them for the terminations and not running the cable.
Bryant Schaper

Sorry, termination ends with fiber are a bit irrelevant, you could easy use ST or SC, pretty common.  ST are nice as they have the locking twist connection and less chance of becoming loose.  Depending on switch you will probably just need a patch cable to at adapts to MTRJ or LC.  LC is probably more common now on the switches.

I would be happy to answer additional questions, just let me know.
beatified

ASKER

Thanks for the response Bryant, when I am referring to termination I'm referring to the process of putting ST, SC, or LC connectors on the fiber itself. I know different companies have got different solutions to do this. I was trying to ask if you knew of any remotely easy and inexpensive solutions out there for doing this. I know you can spend a whole lot of money on terminating but I am hoping to avoid that.


Also another question when it comes to selecting fiber. Is there a significant price difference between multi-mode and single-mode? And as far as the number of fibers in the cable is there any benefit to running individual fibers to each termination point from a single fiber switch or something like that?


Thanks again for your help.

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ASKER CERTIFIED SOLUTION
Bryant Schaper

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