troubleshooting Question

How to share Rs 232 serial port over the network in Ms Access

Avatar of Hankwembo Christopher,FCCA,FZICA,CIA,MAAT,B.A.Sc
Hankwembo Christopher,FCCA,FZICA,CIA,MAAT,B.A.ScFlag for Zambia asked on
Microsoft AccessNetworkingVBA
2 Comments1 Solution41 ViewsLast Modified:
Question 1

(1) My question is on RS 232 serial port networking in Ms Access FE, is it possible to share the rs 232 gadget over the local area new or wide area network , I'm asking this question because it appears like this gadget is hooked to the user computer which suggests that if you have 4 users then you need 4 gadget which I think its not economical. Is there anyone who has managed to either share the gadget through the server computer and then all workstations goes through the server to access that port, let say ports 1-4


Question 2

(2) is it possible to increase the number of COM Ports on the VBA below which is currently at 4 to something like 20, the trouble is that some computers have COM Ports, 15, 18 & 20 etc which means that you have to travel around to change all the workstations device manager com serial port to either 2 or 4 as per VBA below . If the range can be increased then it will help carter for those with COM port between 1 to 200 it should be able to pick automatically.


Option Compare Database
Option Explicit

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' modCOMM - Written by: David M. Hitchner
'
' This VB module is a collection of routines to perform serial port I/O without
' using the Microsoft Comm Control component.  This module uses the Windows API
' to perform the overlapped I/O operations necessary for serial communications.
'
' The routine can handle up to 4 serial ports which are identified with a
' Port ID.
'
' All routines (with the exception of CommRead and CommWrite) return an error
' code or 0 if no error occurs.  The routine CommGetError can be used to get
' the complete error message.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Public Constants
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

' Output Control Lines (CommSetLine)
Public Const LINE_BREAK = 1
Public Const LINE_DTR = 2
Public Const LINE_RTS = 3

' Input Control Lines  (CommGetLine)
Public Const LINE_CTS = &H10&
Public Const LINE_DSR = &H20&
Public Const LINE_RING = &H40&
Public Const LINE_RLSD = &H80&
Public Const LINE_CD = &H80&

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' System Constants
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Private Const ERROR_IO_INCOMPLETE = 996&
Private Const ERROR_IO_PENDING = 997
Private Const GENERIC_READ = &H80000000
Private Const GENERIC_WRITE = &H40000000
Private Const FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL = &H80
Private Const FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED = &H40000000
Private Const FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM = &H1000
Private Const OPEN_EXISTING = 3

' COMM Functions
Private Const MS_CTS_ON = &H10&
Private Const MS_DSR_ON = &H20&
Private Const MS_RING_ON = &H40&
Private Const MS_RLSD_ON = &H80&
Private Const PURGE_RXABORT = &H2
Private Const PURGE_RXCLEAR = &H8
Private Const PURGE_TXABORT = &H1
Private Const PURGE_TXCLEAR = &H4

' COMM Escape Functions
Private Const CLRBREAK = 9
Private Const CLRDTR = 6
Private Const CLRRTS = 4
Private Const SETBREAK = 8
Private Const SETDTR = 5
Private Const SETRTS = 3

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' System Structures
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Private Type COMSTAT
        fBitFields As Long ' See Comment in Win32API.Txt
        cbInQue As Long
        cbOutQue As Long
End Type

Private Type COMMTIMEOUTS
        ReadIntervalTimeout As Long
        ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier As Long
        ReadTotalTimeoutConstant As Long
        WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier As Long
        WriteTotalTimeoutConstant As Long
End Type

'
' The DCB structure defines the control setting for a serial
' communications device.
'
Private Type DCB
        DCBlength As Long
        BaudRate As Long
        fBitFields As Long ' See Comments in Win32API.Txt
        wReserved As Integer
        XonLim As Integer
        XoffLim As Integer
        ByteSize As Byte
        Parity As Byte
        StopBits As Byte
        XonChar As Byte
        XoffChar As Byte
        ErrorChar As Byte
        EofChar As Byte
        EvtChar As Byte
        wReserved1 As Integer 'Reserved; Do Not Use
End Type

Private Type OVERLAPPED
        Internal As Long
        InternalHigh As Long
        offset As Long
        OffsetHigh As Long
        hEvent As Long
End Type

Private Type SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES
        nLength As Long
        lpSecurityDescriptor As Long
        bInheritHandle As Long
End Type

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' System Functions
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
' Fills a specified DCB structure with values specified in
' a device-control string.
'
Declare Function BuildCommDCB Lib "kernel32" Alias "BuildCommDCBA" _
    (ByVal lpDef As String, lpDCB As DCB) As Long
'
' Retrieves information about a communications error and reports
' the current status of a communications device. The function is
' called when a communications error occurs, and it clears the
' device's error flag to enable additional input and output
' (I/O) operations.
'
Declare Function ClearCommError Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, lpErrors As Long, lpStat As COMSTAT) As Long
'
' Closes an open communications device or file handle.
'
Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hObject As Long) As Long
'
' Creates or opens a communications resource and returns a handle
' that can be used to access the resource.
'
Declare Function CreateFile Lib "kernel32" Alias "CreateFileA" _
    (ByVal lpFileName As String, ByVal dwDesiredAccess As Long, _
    ByVal dwShareMode As Long, lpSecurityAttributes As Any, _
    ByVal dwCreationDisposition As Long, ByVal dwFlagsAndAttributes As Long, _
    ByVal hTemplateFile As Long) As Long
'
' Directs a specified communications device to perform a function.
'
Declare Function EscapeCommFunction Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal nCid As Long, ByVal nFunc As Long) As Long
'
' Formats a message string such as an error string returned
' by anoher function.
'
Declare Function FormatMessage Lib "kernel32" Alias "FormatMessageA" _
    (ByVal dwFlags As Long, lpSource As Any, ByVal dwMessageId As Long, _
    ByVal dwLanguageId As Long, ByVal lpBuffer As String, ByVal nSize As Long, _
    Arguments As Long) As Long
'
' Retrieves modem control-register values.
'
Declare Function GetCommModemStatus Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, lpModemStat As Long) As Long
'
' Retrieves the current control settings for a specified
' communications device.
'
Declare Function GetCommState Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal nCid As Long, lpDCB As DCB) As Long
'
' Retrieves the calling thread's last-error code value.
'
Declare Function GetLastError Lib "kernel32" () As Long
'
' Retrieves the results of an overlapped operation on the
' specified file, named pipe, or communications device.
'
Declare Function GetOverlappedResult Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, lpOverlapped As OVERLAPPED, _
    lpNumberOfBytesTransferred As Long, ByVal bWait As Long) As Long
'
' Discards all characters from the output or input buffer of a
' specified communications resource. It can also terminate
' pending read or write operations on the resource.
'
Declare Function PurgeComm Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, ByVal dwFlags As Long) As Long
'
' Reads data from a file, starting at the position indicated by the
' file pointer. After the read operation has been completed, the
' file pointer is adjusted by the number of bytes actually read,
' unless the file handle is created with the overlapped attribute.
' If the file handle is created for overlapped input and output
' (I/O), the application must adjust the position of the file pointer
' after the read operation.
'
Declare Function ReadFile Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, ByVal lpBuffer As String, _
    ByVal nNumberOfBytesToRead As Long, ByRef lpNumberOfBytesRead As Long, _
    lpOverlapped As OVERLAPPED) As Long
'
' Configures a communications device according to the specifications
' in a device-control block (a DCB structure). The function
' reinitializes all hardware and control settings, but it does not
' empty output or input queues.
'
Declare Function SetCommState Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hCommDev As Long, lpDCB As DCB) As Long
'
' Sets the time-out parameters for all read and write operations on a
' specified communications device.
'
Declare Function SetCommTimeouts Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, lpCommTimeouts As COMMTIMEOUTS) As Long
'
' Initializes the communications parameters for a specified
' communications device.
'
Declare Function SetupComm Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, ByVal dwInQueue As Long, ByVal dwOutQueue As Long) As Long
'
' Writes data to a file and is designed for both synchronous and a
' synchronous operation. The function starts writing data to the file
' at the position indicated by the file pointer. After the write
' operation has been completed, the file pointer is adjusted by the
' number of bytes actually written, except when the file is opened with
' FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED. If the file handle was created for overlapped
' input and output (I/O), the application must adjust the position of
' the file pointer after the write operation is finished.
'
Declare Function WriteFile Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal hFile As Long, ByVal lpBuffer As String, _
    ByVal nNumberOfBytesToWrite As Long, lpNumberOfBytesWritten As Long, _
    lpOverlapped As OVERLAPPED) As Long

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Program Constants
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Private Const MAX_PORTS = 4

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Program Structures
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Private Type COMM_ERROR
    lngErrorCode As Long
    strFunction As String
    strErrorMessage As String
End Type

Private Type COMM_PORT
    lngHandle As Long
    blnPortOpen As Boolean
    udtDCB As DCB
End Type

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' Program Storage
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Private udtCommOverlap As OVERLAPPED
Private udtCommError As COMM_ERROR
Private udtPorts(1 To MAX_PORTS) As COMM_PORT
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' GetSystemMessage - Gets system error text for the specified error code.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function GetSystemMessage(lngErrorCode As Long) As String
Dim intPos As Integer
Dim strMessage As String, strMsgBuff As String * 256

    Call FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM, 0, lngErrorCode, 0, strMsgBuff, 255, 0)

    intPos = InStr(1, strMsgBuff, vbNullChar)
    If intPos > 0 Then
        strMessage = Trim$(Left$(strMsgBuff, intPos - 1))
    Else
        strMessage = Trim$(strMsgBuff)
    End If
    
    GetSystemMessage = strMessage
    
End Function


'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommOpen - Opens/Initializes serial port.
'
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'   strPort     - COM port name. (COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4)
'   strSettings - Communication settings.
'                 Example: "baud=9600 parity=N data=8 stop=1"
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommOpen(intPortID As Integer, strPort As String, _
    strSettings As String) As Long
    
Dim lngStatus       As Long
Dim udtCommTimeOuts As COMMTIMEOUTS

    On Error GoTo Routine_Error
    
    ' See if port already in use.
    If udtPorts(intPortID).blnPortOpen Then
        lngStatus = -1
        With udtCommError
            .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
            .strFunction = "CommOpen"
            .strErrorMessage = "Port in use."
        End With
        
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    ' Open serial port.
    udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle = CreateFile(strPort, GENERIC_READ Or _
        GENERIC_WRITE, 0, ByVal 0&, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0)

    If udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle = -1 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (CreateFile)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    udtPorts(intPortID).blnPortOpen = True

    ' Setup device buffers (1K each).
    lngStatus = SetupComm(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, 1024, 1024)
    
    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (SetupComm)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    ' Purge buffers.
    lngStatus = PurgeComm(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, PURGE_TXABORT Or _
        PURGE_RXABORT Or PURGE_TXCLEAR Or PURGE_RXCLEAR)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (PurgeComm)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    ' Set serial port timeouts.
    With udtCommTimeOuts
        .ReadIntervalTimeout = -1
        .ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 0
        .ReadTotalTimeoutConstant = 1000
        .WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 0
        .WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 1000
    End With

    lngStatus = SetCommTimeouts(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, udtCommTimeOuts)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (SetCommTimeouts)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    ' Get the current state (DCB).
    lngStatus = GetCommState(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, _
        udtPorts(intPortID).udtDCB)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (GetCommState)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    ' Modify the DCB to reflect the desired settings.
    lngStatus = BuildCommDCB(strSettings, udtPorts(intPortID).udtDCB)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (BuildCommDCB)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    ' Set the new state.
    lngStatus = SetCommState(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, _
        udtPorts(intPortID).udtDCB)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommOpen (SetCommState)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    lngStatus = 0

Routine_Exit:
    CommOpen = lngStatus
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommOpen"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
    
End Function


Private Function SetCommError(strFunction As String) As Long
    
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = Err.LastDllError
        .strFunction = strFunction
        .strErrorMessage = GetSystemMessage(.lngErrorCode)
        SetCommError = .lngErrorCode
    End With
    
End Function

Private Function SetCommErrorEx(strFunction As String, lngHnd As Long) As Long
Dim lngErrorFlags As Long
Dim udtCommStat As COMSTAT
    
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = GetLastError
        .strFunction = strFunction
        .strErrorMessage = GetSystemMessage(.lngErrorCode)
    
        Call ClearCommError(lngHnd, lngErrorFlags, udtCommStat)
    
        .strErrorMessage = .strErrorMessage & "  COMM Error Flags = " & _
                Hex$(lngErrorFlags)
        
        SetCommErrorEx = .lngErrorCode
    End With
    
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommSet - Modifies the serial port settings.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'   strSettings - Communication settings.
'                 Example: "baud=9600 parity=N data=8 stop=1"
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommSet(intPortID As Integer, strSettings As String) As Long
    
Dim lngStatus As Long
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error

    lngStatus = GetCommState(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, _
        udtPorts(intPortID).udtDCB)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommSet (GetCommState)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    lngStatus = BuildCommDCB(strSettings, udtPorts(intPortID).udtDCB)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommSet (BuildCommDCB)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    lngStatus = SetCommState(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, _
        udtPorts(intPortID).udtDCB)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommSet (SetCommState)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    lngStatus = 0

Routine_Exit:
    CommSet = lngStatus
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommSet"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommClose - Close the serial port.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommClose(intPortID As Integer) As Long
    
Dim lngStatus As Long
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error

    If udtPorts(intPortID).blnPortOpen Then
        lngStatus = CloseHandle(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle)
    
        If lngStatus = 0 Then
            lngStatus = SetCommError("CommClose (CloseHandle)")
            GoTo Routine_Exit
        End If
    
        udtPorts(intPortID).blnPortOpen = False
    End If

    lngStatus = 0

Routine_Exit:
    CommClose = lngStatus
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommClose"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommFlush - Flush the send and receive serial port buffers.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommFlush(intPortID As Integer) As Long
    
Dim lngStatus As Long
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error

    lngStatus = PurgeComm(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, PURGE_TXABORT Or _
        PURGE_RXABORT Or PURGE_TXCLEAR Or PURGE_RXCLEAR)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommFlush (PurgeComm)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    lngStatus = 0

Routine_Exit:
    CommFlush = lngStatus
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommFlush"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommRead - Read serial port input buffer.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'   strData     - Data buffer.
'   lngSize     - Maximum number of bytes to be read.
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommRead(intPortID As Integer, strData As String, _
    lngSize As Long) As Long

    Dim lngStatus As Long
    Dim lngRdSize As Long, lngBytesRead As Long
    Dim lngRdStatus As Long, strRdBuffer As String * 1024
    Dim lngErrorFlags As Long, udtCommStat As COMSTAT
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error

    strData = ""
    lngBytesRead = 0
    DoEvents
    
    ' Clear any previous errors and get current status.
    lngStatus = ClearCommError(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, lngErrorFlags, udtCommStat)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngBytesRead = -1
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommRead (ClearCommError)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If
        
    If udtCommStat.cbInQue > 0 Then
        If udtCommStat.cbInQue > lngSize Then
            lngRdSize = udtCommStat.cbInQue
        Else
            lngRdSize = lngSize
        End If
    Else
        lngRdSize = 0
    End If

    If lngRdSize Then
        lngRdStatus = ReadFile(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, strRdBuffer, _
            lngRdSize, lngBytesRead, udtCommOverlap)

        If lngRdStatus = 0 Then
            lngStatus = GetLastError
            If lngStatus = ERROR_IO_PENDING Then
                ' Wait for read to complete.
                ' This function will timeout according to the
                ' COMMTIMEOUTS.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant variable.
                ' Every time it times out, check for port errors.

                ' Loop until operation is complete.
                While GetOverlappedResult(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, _
                    udtCommOverlap, lngBytesRead, True) = 0
                                    
                    lngStatus = GetLastError
                                        
                    If lngStatus <> ERROR_IO_INCOMPLETE Then
                        lngBytesRead = -1
                        lngStatus = SetCommErrorEx( _
                            "CommRead (GetOverlappedResult)", _
                            udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle)
                        GoTo Routine_Exit
                    End If
                Wend
            Else
                ' Some other error occurred.
                lngBytesRead = -1
                lngStatus = SetCommErrorEx("CommRead (ReadFile)", _
                    udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle)
                GoTo Routine_Exit
            
            End If
        End If
    
        strData = Left$(strRdBuffer, lngBytesRead)
    End If

Routine_Exit:
    CommRead = lngBytesRead
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngBytesRead = -1
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommRead"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommWrite - Output data to the serial port.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'   strData     - Data to be transmitted.
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommWrite(intPortID As Integer, strData As String) As Long
    
Dim i As Integer
Dim lngStatus As Long, lngSize As Long
Dim lngWrSize As Long, lngWrStatus As Long
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error
    
    ' Get the length of the data.
    lngSize = Len(strData)

    ' Output the data.
    lngWrStatus = WriteFile(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, strData, lngSize, _
        lngWrSize, udtCommOverlap)

    ' Note that normally the following code will not execute because the driver
    ' caches write operations. Small I/O requests (up to several thousand bytes)
    ' will normally be accepted immediately and WriteFile will return true even
    ' though an overlapped operation was specified.
        
    DoEvents
    
    If lngWrStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = GetLastError
        If lngStatus = 0 Then
            GoTo Routine_Exit
        ElseIf lngStatus = ERROR_IO_PENDING Then
            ' We should wait for the completion of the write operation so we know
            ' if it worked or not.
            '
            ' This is only one way to do this. It might be beneficial to place the
            ' writing operation in a separate thread so that blocking on completion
            ' will not negatively affect the responsiveness of the UI.
            '
            ' If the write takes long enough to complete, this function will timeout
            ' according to the CommTimeOuts.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant variable.
            ' At that time we can check for errors and then wait some more.

            ' Loop until operation is complete.
            While GetOverlappedResult(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, _
                udtCommOverlap, lngWrSize, True) = 0
                                
                lngStatus = GetLastError
                                    
                If lngStatus <> ERROR_IO_INCOMPLETE Then
                    lngStatus = SetCommErrorEx( _
                        "CommWrite (GetOverlappedResult)", _
                        udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle)
                    GoTo Routine_Exit
                End If
            Wend
        Else
            ' Some other error occurred.
            lngWrSize = -1
                    
            lngStatus = SetCommErrorEx("CommWrite (WriteFile)", _
                udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle)
            GoTo Routine_Exit
        
        End If
    End If
    
    For i = 1 To 10
        DoEvents
    Next
    
Routine_Exit:
    CommWrite = lngWrSize
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommWrite"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommGetLine - Get the state of selected serial port control lines.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'   intLine     - Serial port line. CTS, DSR, RING, RLSD (CD)
'   blnState    - Returns state of line (Cleared or Set).
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommGetLine(intPortID As Integer, intLine As Integer, _
   blnState As Boolean) As Long
    
Dim lngStatus As Long
Dim lngComStatus As Long, lngModemStatus As Long
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error

    lngStatus = GetCommModemStatus(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, lngModemStatus)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommReadCD (GetCommModemStatus)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    If (lngModemStatus And intLine) Then
        blnState = True
    Else
        blnState = False
    End If
        
    lngStatus = 0
        
Routine_Exit:
    CommGetLine = lngStatus
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommReadCD"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommSetLine - Set the state of selected serial port control lines.
'
' Parameters:
'   intPortID   - Port ID used when port was opened.
'   intLine     - Serial port line. BREAK, DTR, RTS
'                 Note: BREAK actually sets or clears a "break" condition on
'                 the transmit data line.
'   blnState    - Sets the state of line (Cleared or Set).
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - 0 = No Error.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommSetLine(intPortID As Integer, intLine As Integer, _
   blnState As Boolean) As Long
   
Dim lngStatus As Long
Dim lngNewState As Long
    
    On Error GoTo Routine_Error
    
    If intLine = LINE_BREAK Then
        If blnState Then
            lngNewState = SETBREAK
        Else
            lngNewState = CLRBREAK
        End If
    
    ElseIf intLine = LINE_DTR Then
        If blnState Then
            lngNewState = SETDTR
        Else
            lngNewState = CLRDTR
        End If
    
    ElseIf intLine = LINE_RTS Then
        If blnState Then
            lngNewState = SETRTS
        Else
            lngNewState = CLRRTS
        End If
    End If

    lngStatus = EscapeCommFunction(udtPorts(intPortID).lngHandle, lngNewState)

    If lngStatus = 0 Then
        lngStatus = SetCommError("CommSetLine (EscapeCommFunction)")
        GoTo Routine_Exit
    End If

    lngStatus = 0
        
Routine_Exit:
    CommSetLine = lngStatus
    Exit Function

Routine_Error:
    lngStatus = Err.Number
    With udtCommError
        .lngErrorCode = lngStatus
        .strFunction = "CommSetLine"
        .strErrorMessage = Err.Description
    End With
    Resume Routine_Exit
    
End Function



'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' CommGetError - Get the last serial port error message.
'
' Parameters:
'   strMessage  - Error message from last serial port error.
'
' Returns:
'   Error Code  - Last serial port error code.
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function CommGetError(strMessage As String) As Long
    
    With udtCommError
        CommGetError = .lngErrorCode
        strMessage = "Error (" & CStr(.lngErrorCode) & "): " & .strFunction & _
            " - " & .strErrorMessage
    End With
    
End Function


intPortID = 2 'let say the  Range is from 1 to 200

Is it possible to do it that way



Question 3


I have notice that the code below has a limitation in terms of pulling data such that if the data has more than 2 products only 2 will come out NOT all , Is it possible to remove this limitation in order to sort out this issue. However, the code works very well for only 2 products , anything more than that it CUTS.


' Read maximum of 14400 bytes from serial port.
 
  lngStatus = CommRead(intPortID, strData, 100000)


I tried to remove the 100,000 the code gave an error as augment NOT Optional , which mean that its mandatory it has to be there , even if you increase it to say 115200 , it seam like  the 100000 is the maximum unless I'm missing something. These new gadget pull data at one go not in bits.
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