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Jim Riddles
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Advice on best practices for Synology NAS server

We have just received a Synology NAS RS1221+.  It has a quad core processor with 16GB of ram, and 4 6TB hard drives in a Raid 5 configuration.  My initial plan had been to setup a virtual machine for Ubuntu 20 server.  However, it looks like the Synology device has applications for just everything I will need (Samba, Apache2, PHP, Perl, Python, etc...).

My question is has anyone had any experience using these apps with the NAS device itself?  If so, how easy is it to use?  The one thing that I see that is missing is the SSH service, and I am unable to connect at the moment.  Should I simply setup the VM and be done with it?

Edit: I was able to locate the setting to enable to SSH service for the NAS device itself.

Edit: I'm thinking that I'm over-thinking this.  I am just going to go with my initial idea and setup the Ubuntu VM and run all my services there.  I will have to discover how to setup the network correctly, but I don't believe that will be much of a challenge.

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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert PRO / EE Fellow/British Beekeeper)

8/22/2022 - Mon

I haven't used most of those services on my Synology NAS', except SSH Server & Samba, but those work fine. NFS generally performs best, so I only use Samba if I have to connect Windoze OS's. If you wanted to use the Ubuntu VM to provide those Services, they shouldn't that VM.

I do use the NAS to hold my VM's virtual Disks, & that works great. I'm running a Debian Distro with KVM as the Hypervisor, with the NAS NFS Filesystem mounted & the Virtual Disks hosted on the NAS. This woks very well.

-->My question is has anyone had any experience using these apps with the NAS device itself?  If so, how easy is it to use?
These are very useful and easy to setup.
I have used O365 backup, VtigerCRM both were really useful 
Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert PRO / EE Fellow/British Beekeeper)

Do not use RAID 5.

Switch it to RAID 6, RAID 10, or SHR2.

Disable the Admin account, they get hacked easily! They are now on the Malware RADAR, I would also disable and enable all firewall ports, because backdoor Malware has re-worked Synology Assistant, and Malware can now RESET to Factoy Defaults!

(this has happened two at least two EE Members, which posted questions!)

Enable 2FA.

and then what do you want to do with it ?

You can use them for everything, BUT remember when DSM gets old and outdated your Synology NAS can also be dumped with no additionaL support with these applications!

So if you are going to keep for 5 years  bare that in mind.....

Are you a Lab user, large business, or wanting to use Synology VMs only.....

We have 20+ Synology NAS here!
Your help has saved me hundreds of hours of internet surfing.
Jim Riddles



Why should I not use Raid 5?  Wouldn't Raid 6 be slower?  Is the major benefit the protection against losing more than 1 drive at a time?

Raid 6 has more redundancy & it shouldn't be slower, but rather faster. With only 4 Disks I would go for RAID 10. With more, RAID 6.

Do system hardening to reduce its exposure to vulnerabilities. Specific hardening techniques include applying security patches, adjusting the system's configurations, and adding MFA. RAID6 allows failure of 2 disk drives whereas RAID5 can recover from only one disk drive failure. RAID 6 will provide highly redundant storage.
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Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert PRO / EE Fellow/British Beekeeper)

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